Bible versus Quran: 1000+ Differences & Contradictions

 

The Bible: Its Divergences from the Quran and Islam

Kings

 


1. Kings

Unknown writer. Likely written during the time in Babylon, and likely around or shortly after 560 BC. Now we definitely have entered the time of written history for this area, and mainly the historical information given by the 2 Books of Kings are correct on the points where it can be compared to historical information from other written sources. The same goes for all the parts of the Bible younger than these two books, and for some of the older ones.

#001 1. Kings 3/5: "- - - and God (Yahweh*) said - - -". All places in the Bible it is made clear that it is Yahweh who makes things happen, and not other gods like f.x. Allah. This is so obvious that we comment on it just a few times.

002 1. Kings 3/12: "I (Yahweh*) will give you (Solomon*) a wise and discerning heart - - -". There is nowhere in the Bible mentioned that Solomon had or got any supernatural powers - only wisdom, riches, and a long life. Thus according to the Bible the supernatural things connected to Solomon in the Quran - f.x. supernatural beings working for him and obeying him, nature obeying him, ability to hear and understand ants speaking, etc. - are made up stories. This even more so that no Israelite/Jewish writer had forgotten to mention such stories when writing chronicles about their number one or two (together with David) favorite hero king, and neither would this be the kind of stories they had falsified out of the Bible if Muhammad's never documented claims that the Bible was falsified, had been true (such falsifications in case had been to strengthen the reputation of their favorite kings, and others, not to reduce them).

003 1. Kings 6/1: "In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites had come out of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign - - - he began to build the temple of the Lord (Yahweh*)". There is a long time between Moses and David/Solomon - and still f.x. the name Samaria did not exist, even though the Quran claims Moses had problems with a Samarian.

004 1. Kings 6/38: "He (Solomon*) had spent 7 years building it (the Temple of Jerusalem*)". That a rich and mighty king spent seven years building a house which after all was not bigger than 90 by 45 feet - 27 by 9 meters - and 45 feet/13,5 m high, indicates that he had no supernatural workers like the Quran claims (that claim is "borrowed" from a legend). There also exactly nowhere in the Bible is mentioned anything about Solomon having such workers, and you can be 100% sure that the Jews had not forgot to mention such big things about their hero king, if it had been true.

But there also is another point here. Solomon who had thousands of workers (see 1. Kings 5/13-18) needed 7 years to build the temple of Jerusalem. For a comparison the Quran claims that Abraham and Ishmael together built a nearly as big (though likely simpler) mosque - the Kabah - in Mecca, during Abraham's sporadic claimed visits in Mecca - some weeks or months all together maximum. You have to know very little about building big stone buildings to be able to believe the Quran at this point. (This in addition to the fact that it is extremely likely that neither Abraham nor Ishmael ever visited, not to mention lived, in Mecca - and if they had done, no nomads had the know-how necessary for building big stone buildings. It is not just a question of picking stones from the ground and putting one on top of the other.

005 1. Kings 7/1-2: "It took Solomon thirteen years, however, to complete his palace - - - 150 feet (46 m) long, 75 feet (23 m) wide, and 45 feet (13.5 m) high - - -". Similar comment like in 1. Kings 6/38 just above.

006 1. Kings 7/7: "He (Solomon*) built the throne hall - - - and covered it with cedar from floor to ceiling". The throne hall naturally was the most exquisite part of the palace - and also the part where to invite such a guest like the Queen of Sabah (Sheba). In the Bible also the floor is from cedar, in the Quran it is made from big slabs of glass, with the result that the Queen of Sheba believed it was water. Well, in the Quran it is not specified that it was the throne hall, but if he did not use such an impressive floor in his most impressive room - throne rooms are meant to impress - then where? Besides also such a special and unique thing had been mentioned in the chronicles - and remember that written history in Israel soon starts or may be had started.

In addition there is the fact that they did not have the technology and knowledge to make slabs of glass big enough and of high enough quality to be mistaken for a floor of water. (The story in the Quran is from a legend, not from the Bible.)

007 1. Kings 7/9-12: Here are listed the materials the constructions are made from - but not one word about big slabs of glass. Also see 1. Kings 7/7 just above.

008 1. Kings 7/13-47: The art and utility articles except some of the gold products belonging to the temple were made by human artists lead by an exquisite artist named Huram, not by supernatural beings. Also see 1. Kings 7/7 above. (As for some gold articles it is not mentioned who made them, but be sure that if they had been made by something as special as supernatural beings, it had been mentioned.

009 1. Kings 8/9: "There were nothing in it (the Ark of Covenance*) except the two stone tablets that Moses had placed in them at Horeb - - -". According to the Quran the Ark also should contain relics from Moses.

One small point: In Islam natural pictures are prohibited. But over the Ark of Covenance there were the "natural" pictures (sculptures) of 2 angels. Another indication for that Islam was not involved in Moses' religion, and for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

010 1. Kings 8/34+35+36: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

011 1. Kings 8/41-43: "As for the foreigners who does not belong to your (Yahweh's*) people Israel, but has come from a distant land because of your name - - - then hear from heaven - - - and do whatever the foreigner asks of you, so that all peoples of the earth may know your name and fear you (Yahweh*) - - -". Muslims claim the Bible and Jesus and the other prophets really only were meant for the Jews - for one nation - whereas Muhammad was meant for the entire world. These 3 verses are among several showing that Yahweh was for the entire world - first for the Jews, but then for the entire world. too.

012 1. Kings 9/15-20: "Here is the account of the forced labor King Solomon conscripted to build the Lord's (Yahweh's*) Temple, his own palace (etc*) - - - All the people left from Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites (tribes living in the area before the Israelites arrived, and still living there*) - - -". Not one word about conscription of Jinns or other supernatural beings like claimed in the Quran (claims taken from legends, not from the Bible or any other may be reliable source). Also see 1. Kings 6/38 above.

013 1. Kings Ch. 10: The Queen of Sheba. The story in the Bible is very different from the one(s) in the Quran. From where did Muhammad get his stories?

014 1. Kings 10/1: "When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon and his relation to the name of the Lord (Yahweh*) she came to test him with hard questions". Here it is the queen who takes the initiative. In the Quran it is Solomon who invites her - even threatening her with war if she does not come (this even though the distances made the threat a bit peculiar - it is like a prehistoric king of Denmark threatening to march through Europe to make war on a queen of Spain - or a king/chief in Canada threatening a queen in Mexico with war). Also here it is a question of curiosity on her behalf, whereas in the Quran Solomon's main intention is to make her a good Muslim (believe it if you are able to).

015 1. Kings 10/3: "Solomon answered all her (the Queen of Sheba's*) questions; nothing was too hard for the king to explain to her". There is no indication in the Bible for that they discussed religion or that Solomon tried to convert her to the Mosaic religion (not to mention to Islam). In the Quran the main point is to make her convert to Islam. From where did Muhammad get this version?

016 1. Kings 10/15: "- - - (Solomon received*) revenues - - - from all the Arabian kings - - -". As far as we see this is the first time Arabia/Arabs is/are mentioned in the Bible, centuries after Moses and a millennium after Abraham, both of whom Muslims claim were closely connected to Arabia, especially Abraham. In this case Arabia is mentioned in a neutral way, like some other places in the book. Always when Arabia/Arabs are mentioned in the Bible, it is in a neutral way or as enemies, never as friends, not to mention like brothers, like Muslims claim Moses said in 5. Mos. 18/15+18 (but anybody reading 5. Mos. 18/15 or 18/18, also should read 5. Mos. 17/15 and 5. Mos. 20/8 and have documented what Moses in his speech meant with "your (the Jews'*) own brothers"), in order to be able wrongly to claim Muhammad is mentioned in the Bible.

But there is one more point here concerning Muhammad in the Bible: The word used in the Arab original, "maktub", is stronger than just "written". Verse 7/157 in reality states that Muhammad is clearly mentioned in the Torah (the 5 "Books of Moses") and in the Gospels. This is obviously wrong - not even the strongest believer in Islam can claim that Muhammad is clearly mentioned any place in the Bible, included those two places - 5. Moss 18/15 and 18/18 (that is why they have to cherry-pick and claim wrong meanings of the texts to be able to find him). Thus no matter if Muhammad really was hidden in 5. Mos. 18/15 and 18/18 or other places, the Quran all the same had been wrong, because Muhammad definitely is not clearly mentioned anywhere in the Bible.

017 1. Kings 11/4-8: Solomon also sought other gods. This is not mentioned about the claimed good Muslim Solomon in the Quran.

018 1. Kings 11/18: "They (some refugees*) set out from Midian (the Midianitas were descendants of Abraham's son Midian - his 4. son with his second wife Keturah - and lived in the eastern part of the Sinai peninsula) and went to Paran. Then taking men from Paran with them, they went to Egypt". Once more it is indicated where Paran was: In Sinai on the road to Egypt - and not near Mecca, like Muslims like to claim (as normal without any documentation).

019 1. Kings 11/41: "As for the other events of Solomon's reign - - - are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon?" We are now approaching - or inside - the times of written history in Israel. Written history is more reliable that verbal one, because it is much more stable over the centuries and millennia. The Quran, however, mainly is based on verbal traditions - legends.

#020 1. Kings 12/28: "- - - the king (Jeroboam*) made two golden calves (idols*) - - -". Handmade idols were not themselves gods - except perhaps in the most primitive cultures - but represented a god. F.x. the infamous golden calf of Moses' Israelites f.x. really was a symbol for the (Egyptian) holy ox Apis, which again was believed to be a manifestation of one of the Egyptian main gods, Ptah. Thus the main thing was not the idol, but the belief existing in the brain of the believers. This - that the belief was/is the main thing - should go also for idols existing only in the brains and hearts of the believers, which is the likely reality for Allah, as the only source for information or "information" about him, is a book not from any god and told by a man with very doubtful moral and reliability, but with much to gain from making people believe in his new religion, a point strengthened by the fact that Allah never and no place has manifested himself in any provable way. The Quran never mentions that a made up god just is a made up god no matter if he is a mental human creation and idol or a physical such one. In religion it is what is in your brain and heart which counts and decides - saves you or condemns you. If Allah was/is a made up god, he just is a pagan mental idol.

021 1. Kings 12/30+13/34: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

022 1. Kings 14/19: "The other events of Jeroboam's reign - - - are written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel". See 1. Kings 11/41 just above. Similar is said about the different later kings of Judah (the southern kingdom) and of Israel (the northern kingdom). We are now deep inside the times of written history in that area.

023 1. Kings 15/12: "- - - idols - - -". See 1. Kings 12/28 above.

024 1. Kings 16/19: "- - - sins - - -". See 1. Kings 12/30 above.

025 1. Kings 16/24: "- - - idols - - -". See 1. Kings 12/28 above.

#026 1. Kings 16/24: "He (King Omri of Israel*) bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents (ca. 150 pounds or ca. 70 kg*) of silver and built a city on the hill, calling it Samaria, after Shemer, the name of the former owner of the hill". This happened around 884 BC, and it is a piece of information there was no reason for anyone to falsify (in addition to that both science and Islam - involuntarily - thoroughly have proved that the Bible is not falsified). This means that the name "Samari" or "Samarian" did not exist until after 884 BC. All the same the Quran claims Moses had problems with a Samari during Exodus around 1235 BC - some 350 years earlier. An interesting claim.

027 1. Kings 18/12: "- - - the Spirit of the Lord (Yahweh*) - - -". One of the several names for the Holy Spirit. The fact that the Holy Spirit was/is known by several names (just like Allah and like Muhammad - and for that case Yahweh), is worth remembering when Islam/Muslims claim(s) that when John in John 15/26 speaks about the Spirit of truth, he must mean Muhammad, because it is another name than "the Holy Spirit", and thus John must mean Muhammad (who was some "spirit of truth"!!), and not the Holy Spirit. (There is some irony in claiming that a man who accepted and even advised and himself used dishonesty, is claimed to be "the Spirit of Truth").

028 1. Kings 20/32-33: "- - - brother - - -". This is one of the very few places (some 5? out of more than 325 places the word is used in the Bible - at least 98 places in OT and at least 227 in NT - in the Bible where the word "brother" does not mean a fellow Israelite, a fellow Christian, or similar. But also here it indicates members of a closed group and clearly defined group - f.x. two kings. The word in the Bible always is used about members within a closed group. Worth to remember when Muslims wrongly claim Moses referred to Arabs in 5. Mos. 18/15+18 (but anybody reading 5. Mos. 18/15 or 18/18, also should read 5. Mos. 17/15 and 5. Mos. 20/8 and have documented what Moses in his speech meant with "your (the Jews'*) own brothers") - Arabs and Jews did not belong to the same closed groups (and were never mentioned even like friends, not to mention brothers neither in the Bible, nor in the Quran).

But there is one more point here concerning Muhammad in the Bible: The word used in the Arab original, "maktub", is stronger than just "written". Verse 7/157 in reality states that Muhammad is clearly mentioned in the Torah (the 5 "Books of Moses") and in the Gospels. This is obviously wrong - not even the strongest believer in Islam can claim that Muhammad is clearly mentioned any of those two places (that is why they have to cherry-pick and claim wrong meanings of the texts to be able to find him). Thus no matter if Muhammad really was hidden in 5. Mos. 18/15 and 18/18 or other places, the Quran all the same had been wrong, because Muhammad definitely is not clearly mentioned anywhere in the Bible.

029 1. Kings 22/22: "I (a spirit*) will go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his (king Ahab's*) prophets". May Muhammad have been a similar case? - a lying spirit pretending to be Gabriel giving him his words? As it is clear the words were from no omniscient god - too much is wrong in the Quran for a god to be behind it - this is a possible explanation. Islam's moral code, etc. may strengthen this possibility.

Subtotal: 29 + 440 = 469 remarks.


2. Kings

Unknown writer. Likely written during the time in Babylon, and likely around or shortly after 560 BC. Now we definitely have entered the time of written history for this area, and mainly the historical information given by the 2 Books of Kings are correct on the points where it can be compared to historical information from other written sources. The same goes for all the parts of the Bible younger than these two books (and for some points in older books - written history starts slowly around 1ooo BC in that area, and sporadically one find written confirmation in old cuneiform scriptures (on clay tablets), which go back as far as around 2700 BC - - - without one single mentioning of or reference to a book like the Quran, a god like Allah, or a religion like Islam (the same goes for Egyptian hieroglyphs and for other old systems of writing - f.x. in China (remember that according to Muhammad Islam was a world-wide religion from Adam on)).

#001 2. Kings 1/3: "But the angel of the Lord (Yahweh*) said - - -". All places in the Bible it is made clear that it is Yahweh who makes things happen, and not other gods like f.x. Allah. This is so obvious that we comment on it just a few times.

002 2. Kings 1/10+12: "Elijah answered the captain, 'If I am a man of God (Yahweh*), may fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men'. Then fire fell from heaven and consumed the captain and his men". The Quran some places mentions demands for proofs in the form of fire from heaven. These are two of the few places such fire is reported in the Bible (there f.x. are 1. Kings 18/38, 2. Kings 1/10 + 1/12 - all connected to Elijah - and then there is 2. Mos. 19/18, but in another way and connection). Fire from Heaven also is mentioned in connection to David (1. Chr. 26b) and Solomon (2. Chr. 7/1). There is no such case in the Quran - Muhammad never was able to prove anything, also not in this way.

003 2. Kings 2/11: "As they (the prophets Elijah and Elisha*) were walking along and talking together, suddenly a chariot of fire and horses of fire appeared and separated the two of them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind". Jesus was not the only one who according to the Bible were taken up to heaven alive. There also was Elijah and perhaps Enoch (1. Mos. 5/24). We may add that many Muslims want Idris in the Quran to be identical to Enoch, but this is guesswork and hardly that. It also is highly unlikely because of the time factor - Enoch lived (if he was real) far too early (he was 7. generations after Adam only, and the father of Methuselah, who both lived before Noah (Methuselah was Noah's grandfather according to 1. Mos. 5/25-29) and the big flood.

004 2. Kings 2/16: "- - - the Spirit of the Lord (Yahweh*) - - -". One of the names for the Holy Spirit. Like both Allah and Muhammad it had several names.

005 2. Kings 4/34: "As he (Elisha*) stretched himself out upon him (the dead boy*), the boy's body grew warm (he came to life again)". According to the Bible Yahweh was behind a number of revivals of dead persons - most through Jesus, but as you see also through others. According to the Quran Allah or Muhammad never revived anyone. The same god with the same power? And Muhammad really a powerful prophet?

006 2. Kings Ch 4-7: There according to the Bible were a number of miracles connected to Elisha. According to the Quran there were not one miracle - not even real prophesies - connected to Muhammad (except the claimed miracle of the claimed delivery of the Quran - a book full of mistakes, contradictions, etc. (the claimed miracles connected to Muhammad are not from the Quran, but from Hadiths and from legends, and no matter how much is wrong in the Quran, it is more reliable than the Hadiths)). At least in this way even Elisha was greater than Muhammad. Also see Acts 9/34-35 below.

007 2. Kings 10/30: "The Lord (Yahweh*) said to (King*) Jehu - - -". Yahweh contacted some persons directly, mostly prophets, but here is a case where he contacted one who was not a prophet. Yahweh never contacted Muhammad.

008 2. Kings 11/17: "Jehoiada (a priest of Yahweh*) then made a covenant between the Lord (Yahweh*) and the King (Joash*) and the people - - -". The covenant between Yahweh and the Jews was renewed again and again, and there never is mentioned in the Bible that it was terminated - broken and mistreated, yes, but never terminated. Just this renewal was at the start of the reign of king Joash in Judah, which means somewhere around 836 BC (remember that exact years may be is not quite correct this early).

009 2. Kings 12/19: "As for the other events of the reign of Joash - - - are they not written in the books of the annals of the kings of Judah?" Similar is said about other Jewish kings. We are now in the early times of the written history of the Israelites. Written history normally is more reliable than verbal, because what is written is more stable through the centuries. Beware that exact information about different kings and happenings, etc. in Israel/Judah very often is lost, but that background information often remains - like what kind of gods and religion were revered, the rise and fall of countries, kings and happenings in the mighty countries in the area, etc., etc. often remains. Information given in the Bible mainly is correct when compared to such knowledge, whereas there nowhere is found confirmation of Islam or Allah earlier than 610 AD when Muhammad started his mission - this in spite of Muhammad's claims that Islam was an old world religion. Not one single indication for neither those two, nor any quote from or reference to a book even remotely similar to the Quran (in spite of the claim that books similar to the Quran (copies of "the Mother of the Book" - revered by Allah in his heaven) were sent to all claimed Muslim prophets and messengers of the old, according to Islam).

010 2. Kings 13/23: "But the Lord (Yahweh*) was gracious to them (the Jews*) and had compassion and showed concern for them because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob". If the Bible tells the truth here, this proves that even though the Israelites/Jews had behaved badly, the covenant had not been terminated - and as the Jews hardly behaved worse later compared to the time between Solomon and this, there should be no reason to believe it was terminated later. There also never is mentioned in the Bible that the covenant with Yahweh ever was terminated, in spite of Muslims' claims - as normal for Muslims without any proofs - about the opposite.

011 2. Kings 14/6: "- - - sins - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

012 2. Kings 17/13: "- - - prophets and seers - - -". "A seer" was the old title and "a prophet" the new title for what we also today names a prophet (here both titles are used in parallel) - a person able to see parts of the unseen, included parts of the future (often by means of messages from the god according to the Bible). We here remind you that Muhammad was unable to see the unseen, both according to the Quran (f.x. 6/50a, 7/188b, 10/20c-d, 10/49a-b, and 72/26) and according to f.x. Aishah in the Hadiths - Muhammad in reality was unable to make prophesies and thus was no real prophet; he just borrowed that impressing title - a "seer" unable to "see" is no "seer" (a "seer" was the original Jewish title for a prophet (1. Sam. 9/9)).

#013 2. Kings 17/15+16: "- - - idols - - -". Handmade idols were not themselves gods - except perhaps in the most primitive cultures - but represented a god. F.x. the infamous golden calf of Moses' Israelites f.x. really was a symbol for the (Egyptian) holy ox Apis, which again was believed to be a manifestation of one of the Egyptian main gods, Ptah. Thus the main thing was not the idol, but the belief existing in the brain of the believers. This - that the belief was/is the main thing - should go also for idols existing only in the brains and hearts of the believers, which is the likely reality for Allah, as the only source for information or "information" about him, is a book not from any god and told by a man with very doubtful moral and reliability, but with much to gain from making people believe in his new religion, a point strengthened by the fact that Allah never and no place has manifested himself in any provable way. The Quran never mentions that a made up god just is a made up god no matter if he is a mental human creation and idol or a physical such one. In religion it is what is in your brain and heart which counts and decides - saves you or condemns you. If Allah is a made up god, he simply is a mental pagan idol.

014 2. Kings 17/21: "- - - sin". See 2. Kings 14/6 above.

015 2. Kings 17/23: "So the people of Israel (the northern kingdom*) were taken from their homeland into exile in Assyria, and they still are there (when 2. Kings was written*)". This happened around 732 BC, and is the original reason why later the Samarians - also named Samaritans - were kept at a distance: In addition to that the Assyrians abducted a lot of the inhabitants, they then sent people from other places to settle down in area (not only the town) of Samaria. These mingled with the remaining Israelites/Jews (the text in the Bible may indicate that all Israelites were removed and only new people were permitted to live there, but it may be likely that some of the low class Israelites remained), and the Samarians therefore were not pure Jews any more. (There also were some religious differences.) Also see 2. Kings 17/24 just below.

016 2. Kings 17/24: "The king of Assyria (Saragon II*) brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath and Sepharvaim and settled them in the towns of Samaria to replace the Israelites. They took over Samaria and lived in its towns". See 2. Kings 17/23 just above.

017 2. Kings 20/8: "I (the high priest*) have found the Book of the Law - - -". This refers to the laws Moses was told by Yahweh and later wrote down. It some places in the Bible is called "the Book of the Covenant", and was later incorporated in the Books of Moses. It was found again in connection to repair work in the Temple. It seems to have been hidden somewhere in the temple, and then it's hiding place had been forgotten.

018 2. Kings 22/14: "- - - the prophetess Huldah - - -". The Bible mentions a few female prophets. Huldah is one of them. Others are Miriam (sister of Moses - 2. Mos. 15/20), Deborah (Judges 4/4), Noadiah (Neh. 6/14), and Anna (Luke 2/36) and there is an unnamed one in Is. 8/3. The Quran only mentions male prophets, except Miriam, the sister of Moses.

019 2. Kings 23/2: "- - - the Book of the Covenant, which had been found in the temple of the Lord (Yahweh*)". See 2. Kings 20/8 above.

020 2. Kings 24/14: "Only the poorest people of the land (Judah*) were left". This makes it clear that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon did not exile all Israelite, but mainly the elite. The verses 14 through 16 here say that he exiled 10ooo or likely more from Jerusalem. But note that it is not said he exiled the Jews living other places in Judah than in the capital, Jerusalem.

021 2. Kings 25/12: "But the commander (of the Babylonians*) left behind some of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and the fields". See 24/14 just above.

022 2. Kings 25/22: "Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, to be over the people he had left behind in Judah". It here is clear that far from all Jews were exiled to Babylon. Verse 26 tells they fled to Egypt, but be sure they brought their holy books. In addition there were copies of the Jewish holy books scattered around where Jews lived outside Jerusalem and Judah. Two strong reasons why Ezra later could not falsify OT like Muslims claim (if he had wanted to, which from the texts about him seems very unlikely).

Subtotal: 22 + 469 = 491 remarks.

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This work was uploaded with assistance from M. A. Khan, the author of Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery, and the editor of islam-watch.org website.