Bible versus Quran: 1000+ Differences & Contradictions
18 Sept. 2012
The Bible: Its Divergences from the Quran and Islam
Unknown writer, but likely written after the first king, Saul, had been elected (ca. 1052 BC), but not later than the 7. year of King David's reign (= ca. 1005 BC - but beware that years from this early may be a little wrong). Also see the comments at the start of "The Book of Joshua" above.
#001 Jud. 1/2: "And God (Yahweh*) said - - -". All places in the Bible it is made clear that it is Yahweh who makes things happen, and not other gods like f.x. Allah. This is so obvious that we comment on it just a few times.
002 Jud. 2/1: "I (Yahweh*) will never break my covenant with you (the Jews*) - - -". Yahweh often was angry with the Jews, and frequently he punished them, but there nowhere in the Bible is said that he terminated the covenant - in contradiction to what many Muslims like to believe.
003 Jud. 3/10: "- - - the Spirit of the Lord (Yahweh*) - - -". One of the names for the Holy Spirit - just like Allah and like Muhammad it had/has several names. Worth to remember when Muslims claim Jesus could not be speaking about the Holy Spirit to his disciples before his ascension to Heaven, because he used another name (the Spirit of Truth - f.x. John 15/26), so he had to be speaking about Muhammad (Muhammad with his acceptance of the use of dishonesty if necessary, is an ironic choice for the title "Spirit of Truth". But as the Quran tells that Muhammad is foretold in the Bible, both in OT and NT, they HAVE to find him, no matter what cherry-picking, twisting of and omissions from Biblical texts are necessary to be able to claim something. If they do not find Muhammad in the Bible, their religion is untrue, and it is better to believe, than to check what is true and what is not - to check on the truth of their religion takes a kind of backbone few religious people - included Muslims - have, no matter what kind of nasty surprise they will meet if there is a next life and their religion is a made up one - - - and all the mistakes, etc. in the Quran at least prove that book is not from any god - no omniscient god makes mistakes, contradictions, etc., and definitely not wholesale such ones.)
004 Jud. 4/4: "Deborah, a prophetess - - -". There are a few female prophets in the Bible - see comments to 2. Kings 22/14 below. In the Quran there is none, except Miriam, the sister of Moses.
#005 Jud. 6/1: "- - - Midianites - - -". You will hear that the Midianites were Arabs. But according to Bible, they descended from Midian, who was the fourth son of Abraham with his second wife, Keturah (a Canaanite woman), whom he married after Sarah died (Genesis 25/1-2). They in case thus were not descendants of Ishmael, whom the Arabs claim is their forefather, in spite of that the Bible clearly states that Ishmael and his descendants settled near the border of Egypt, and thus very far from Arabia (1. Mos. 25/18) - and if this is true, the Midianites were not Arabs. The Bible, however, indicates that they had near contact with the Ishmaelites - which mean nothing for the Arabs and for Islam if it just is a made up claim that Ishmael was their forefather, but may have some relevance if he after all was so. But anyhow: If the Midianites were descendants from Keturah, they were not Arabs unless also the Arabs are descendants from Keturah. (If they are, much of the Quran has to be re-written.) There is another possibility, though: That the close connection between the Midianites and the Ishmaelites - included lots of intermarriages - made these two groups merge, and some believe that this mixed group became the forefathers of the Arabs. We have not been able to find out if this is a real possibility, or if it is an adjustment to the Muslims' claims that they are descendants from Ishmael. We may add, though, that Arabia (not the desert part) was settled at least 2ooo or more years before Abraham. The Arab desert was settled after the dromedary (camel) was domesticated some 3ooo - 2500 years BC (roughly 1ooo years before Abraham, who lived(?) some 1800 - 2ooo years BC and roughly 1500 years before Moses, who lived(?) around 1200 - 1300 years BC. As the Midianites were a clear group at the time of Moses, the final merging with the Ishmaelites in case must have happened later than the time of Moses.
The Midianites lived in east Sinai, whereas the Ishmaelites - still according to the Bible - lived further west "near the border of Egypt". This means that none of them lived anywhere near Mecca, this in spite of Muhammad's claims about Ishmael and his claimed life in Mecca.
###But thought provoking: How is it possible to claim Abraham/Ishmael was/were the forefather(s) of the Arabs, when Arabia was settled 2ooo or more years before Abraham and there were lots and lots of Arabs there long before him? Even if it had been true that Ishmael had settled in Arabia, he in case had been just one single out of tens of thousands of the forefathers of today's Arabs, and one single out of tens of thousands is a very insignificant number - - - even if it had been true. Modern DNA tests have on top of all showed that the Arabs is no coherent tribe, but a mixture of people drifted into Arabia all the time from the settling started and up - included descendants of large quantities of slaves from black Africa and most other places around Arabia.
Muhammad a descendant of Abraham? Perhaps 1/10ooo of his DNA was from Abraham and the rest from all the others of his forefathers - - - if Ishmael in spite of what the Bible tells about him settled in Arabia. Or if f.x. one of Muhammad's foremothers was a Jewish slave woman.
006 Jud. 6/11: "- - - Midianites - - -". See Jud. 6/1 just above.
007 Jud. 6/14: "- - - Midian's hand - - -". See Jud. 6/1 above.
008 Jud. 6/16: "- - - Midianites - - -". See Jud. 6/1 above.
009 Jud. 6/24: "So Gideon built an altar - - -". See Jos. 8/30 above. And also the parts about Abraham in http:/www.1000mistakes.com. (It is extremely unlikely Abraham ever visited Arabia, not to mention the valley of Mecca, and definitely not to mention built the Kabah.)
As for the probability for that Abraham built the Kabah (claims about that Adam and later Noah built earlier versions, we do not bother to comment on); take a look on what the Bible mentions of "buildings" up to long after the Jews had finished being just primitive nomads (and f.x. Solomon built his temple). F.x.: 1. Mos. 12/7 - 12/8 - 13/18 - 23/19a - 26/25 - 33/20, 2. Mos. 25/29 - 32/5, Jos. 8/30 - 22/10, Jud. 6/24, 2. Sam. 24/25. Not one single permanent house is mentioned at all. A big stone temple/mosque had been such an outstanding deed, and of such an outstanding religious value that there is no chance that it had been omitted in the texts if it had been true.
010 Jud. 6/33: "- - - Midianites - - -". See Jud. 6/1 above.
011 Jud. 6/34: "- - - he Spirit of the Lord (Yahweh - - -". See Jud. 3/10 above.
012 Jud. 7/1+other verses: "- - - Midian/Midianites - - -". See Jud. 6/1 above.
##013 Jud. 7/5-6: "So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the Lord (Yahweh*) told him, 'Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink'". The interesting point here is that this scene - somewhat twisted and less logical - also is told in the Quran, but with another leader (Talut/Saul in 2/249), not Gideon (Gideon is never mentioned in the Quran).
014 Jud. 8/24: "(It was the custom of the Ishmaelites to wear gold earrings.)" Could they then be followers of Allah? Allah is not too fond of men using gold ornaments.
#015 Jud. 11/29: "- - - the Spirit of the Lord (Yahweh*) - - -". One of the names for the Holy Spirit - most of those names contain the word "spirit", but also the names "Counselor" and "Comforter" are used in the Bible. Just like Allah and like Muhammad the Holy Spirit has several names.
#016 Jud. 17/5+18/18: "- - - idols - - -". Handmade idols were not themselves gods - except perhaps in the most primitive cultures - but represented a god. F.x. the infamous golden calf of Moses' Jews really was a symbol for the (Egyptian) holy ox Apis, which again was believed to be a manifestation of one of the Egyptian main gods, Ptah. Thus the main thing was not the idol, but the belief existing in the brain of the believers. This - that the belief was/is the main thing - should go also for idols existing only in the brains and hearts of the believers, which is the likely reality for Allah, as the only source for information or "information" about him, is a book not from any god and told by a man with very doubtful moral and reliability, but with much to gain from making people believe in his new religion, a point strengthened by the fact that Allah never and no place has manifested himself in any provable way. The Quran never mentions that a made up god just is a made up god no matter if he is a mental human creation and idol or a physical such one. In religion it is what is in your brain and heart which counts and decides - saves you or condemns you. If Allah is a made up god, this simply means he is a pagan idol - a mental one, but an idol.
Subtotal: 16 + 390 = 406 remarks.
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This work was uploaded with assistance from M. A. Khan, the author of Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery, and the editor of islam-watch.org website.