Bible versus Quran: 1000+ Differences & Contradictions

 

The Bible: Its Divergences from the Quran and Islam

Numbers (4. Mos.)

 


The 5 Books of Moses are often called "the Law" or "the Torah". It is unclear by whom and when they are written. Minor parts of it may be from Moses - the original "Book of Covenance" was written down by Moses according to the Bible (2. Mos. 24/4-7), and later incorporated in these books, but the rest is younger. Moses according to science lived around 1300 - 1200 BC, but science believe that but for what is taken from "the Book of Covenance", the oldest parts of the "Books of Moses" are from around 800 or at least not older than 950 BC. The youngest parts may be as young as from around 400 BC. (We may add that the myth you often meet from Muslims that Ezra had to rewrite the Books of Moses in or after Babylon - and used the chance to falsify them - is just that: A myth. It is well possible that the copy of the books in the Temple and even all copies in Jerusalem were burnt by Nebuchadnezzar when he sacked the city in 586 BC, but there existed many more copies inside and outside Judah (the southern kingdom - roughly what is the land around Jerusalem in Israel.) - far too many for that it could be possible for Ezra to falsify the old book without being found out - - - and besides there is not a word in the Bible about Ezra doing such writing.)

001 One central point in the books of Moses: The ways of addressing and celebrating and praying to and worshipping the god is marked different in the Bible compared to the Quran - one more proof for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god (if they had been, their demands about this had been more or less similar).

The same goes for the different kinds of offerings - the offerings the two gods wishes, and the conditions concerning the offerings, to a large degree are very different - another proof for that the two gods are not the same one.

#002 4. Mos. 1/1: "And God (Yahweh*) said - - -". All places in the Bible it is made clear that it is Yahweh who makes things happen, and not other gods like f.x. Allah. This is so obvious that we comment on it just a few times.

003 4. Mos. 5/7: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

004 4. Mos. 5/11-31: The Test for an Unfaithful Wife: This test is very different from the commands given in the Quran for such cases.

005 4. Mos. 6/3: "- - - Nazirite - - -". Persons - men or women - living a religious life according to strict rules for short or longer time. You do not find them in the Quran.

006 4. Mos. 6/11+9/13: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

007 4. Mos. 10/12: "- - - the Desert of Paran". A mountainous desert area in central/eastern Sinai peninsula, south of the Shur and the Sin (or Zin) Deserts.

We may add: Because the name is rather similar to Faran (renamed to Paran, but according to our sources originally named Faran) near Mecca, and because the Bible tells Ishmael lived for a long time in Paran, Muslims want Paran to mean Faran near Mecca, so as to "document" that Ishmael lived in Mecca. But Paran is mentioned at least these places in the Bible: 1. Mos. 21/21, 4. Mos. 10/12, 4. Mos. 12/16, 4. Mos. 13/3, 4. Mos. 13/26, 5. Mos. 1/1, 1. Sam.25/1, 1. Kings 11/18, and there is no doubt from the different contexts that the Bible's Paran is in Sinai. But Muslim scholars do not tell this to their audiences.

#####008 4. Mos. 12/6: "When a prophet of the Lord (Yahweh*) is among you (people*), I (Yahweh*) reveal myself to him in visions, I speak to him in dreams (and in some cases - like Moses, Samuel, and Jesus - spoke directly to them*)". Remember this one, because Muhammad did receive neither visions, nor direct speech from his claimed god. He mainly claimed he got his messages from Allah by inspiration (+ some from the angel Gabriel he claimed).

009 4. Mos. 12/11: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

010 4. Mos. 12/16: "- - - the Desert of Paran". A mountainous desert area in the central/eastern parts of Sinai peninsula, south of the Shur and the Sin (or Zin) Deserts.

As Muslims are so eager to reshape the geography here, we may add and specify: Because the name is rather similar to Faran (renamed to Paran, but according to our sources originally named Faran) near Mecca, and because the Bible tells Ishmael lived for a long time in Paran, Muslims want Paran to mean Faran near Mecca, so as to "document" that Ishmael lived in Mecca. But Paran is mentioned at least these places in the Bible: 1. Mos. 21/21, 4. Mos. 10/12, 4. Mos. 12/16, 4. Mos. 13/3, 4. Mos. 13/26, 5. Mos. 1/1, 1. Sam.25/1, 1. Kings 11/18, and there is no doubt from the different contexts that the Bible's Paran is in Sinai, and that there is not the slightest connection to the distant Arabia. It as mentioned is identical to what now is named Badiet et-Tin ("the Desert of Loneliness"), and lay south and east of the desert Shur, and south of the desert Sin (or Zin) in the inner parts of the Sinai Peninsula.

011 4. Mos. 13/3: "- - - the Desert of Paran". See f.x. 4. Mos. 12/16 just above.

012 4. Mos. 13/26: "- - - Kadesh in the Desert of Paran". The Desert of Paran gets some significance in Islam, because there is an area near Mecca with a similar name - though if our information is correct, its real name is Faran, not Paran. The name Faran/Paran, Muslims then use to "prove" that the things happened near Mecca. (F.x. see 4. Mos. 12/16 above.)

we may add that there seems to be two different places with the name Kadesh with relevance to Moses: Kadesh Barnea and Kadesh of the Sin (or Zin) desert. This verse talks about Khadesh Barnea, which was situated somewhere to the south-west of the Dead Sea, even though one does not know for sure exactly where. All the same there is a good chance Kadesh Barnea is identical to Ain el Wribe in the Arabah valley, 10 miles (16 km) north from where the Hor mountain borders the valley. (We may add that some Muslims wants it to be near or identical the famous ghost town Petra in Jordan. You have to be a Muslim and strongly want to believe so, to be able to believe that - it f.x. is too far from Moses' routes.)

013 4. Mos. 15/3a+4+5+8+24: "- - - burnt offerings - - - (etc.) - - -". Offerings and rules for offerings are very different in the Bible and the Quran - rules that different are not from the same god. Also see €€€002 under 3. Mos. above.

014 4. Mos. 15/3b: "- - - freewill offerings or festival offerings - - -". A parallel to 4. Mos. 15/3a just above.

015 4. Mos. 15/4+6+9: "- - - grain offering - - -". A parallel to 4. Mos. 15/3a above.

016 4. Mos. 15/5+7+10: "- - - drink offering - - -". A parallel to 4. Mos. 15/3a above.

017 4. Mos. 15/8: "- - - fellowship offering - - -". A parallel to 4. Mos. 15/3a above.

018 4. Mos. 15/27: "- - - (if*) one person sins unintentionally, he must bring a year-old female goat as "sin offering". In the Quran sins made unintentionally normally are not sins at all. The same god making the rules?

019 4. Mos. 15/32-36: "The Sabbath-breaker put to death". For Yahweh respecting the holiness of the Sabbath was very essential. Allah did not even introduce a Sabbath or something similar - the prayer Friday afternoon was special, but but for that you could/can work just as you want, as long as you pray your 5 fixed prayers a day. A strong proof for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

020 4. Mos. 15/25+16/38: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

021 4. Mos. 18/22: "- - - sin - - -". See 15/25 just above.

022 4. Mos. 19/2: "- - - red heifer - - -". This may be the origin of Muhammad's tale about Israelites he claimed were reluctant to sacrifice a heifer - surah/verse 2/67-71. (In the Bible the heifer is for making water for religious cleansing.)

##023 4. Mos. 19/8: "- - - unclean - - -". The rules for clean and unclean, are partly similar and partly dissimilar between OT and the Quran - enough dissimilar to make one wondering if the rules can at all be made by the same god, and so as there is no indication in the Bible for that the Quran's explanation for the differences - that the strict Jewish rules are punishment for Jewish sins of the old - is correct. But what really is striking is that Yahweh in NT lifts many of the strict rules for religious uncleanliness - f.x. in Matt.15/11a and in Acts 10/9-20 - and then many of the rules are reintroduced in the Quran. If Yahweh and Allah had been the same god, this would document a god unable to make up his mind, and unable to decide what was right and what was wrong rules.

024 4. Mos. 20/11: "Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water gushed out - - -". In the Quran (2/60a) it is said 12 springs gushed forth. One likely explanation is that Muhammad mixed this story where water gushed forth, and the 12 springs in Elim (2. Mos. 15/27).

025 4. Mos. 27/3: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

026 4. Mos. 27/14: "- - - Meribah Kadesh, in the Desert of Zin (or Sin*) - - -". See 4. Mos. 13/26 above. There according to the Bible are something like 38 years between the Kadesh mentioned in 4. Mos. 13/16 and this Kadesh.

027 4. Mos. Ch. 28: Yahweh's and Allah's rules for offerings are totally different. The same god?

028 4. Mos. 30/1: "This is what the Lord (Yahweh*) commands: When a man - - - takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said". The Quran tells for one thing that oaths you did not really mean does not count much, and even oaths you have meant are ok to break if that gives a better solution - though if it was a strong oath you may have to pay expiation (see f.x. verses 2/225a, 5/89a, 16/91b, and 66/2a in the Quran) . One of the strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

029 4. Mos. 31/28-30: "(Spoils of war*) - - - set apart as a tribute for the Lord (Yahweh*) one out of every five hundred - - - (and*) - - - one out of every fifty - - - (and*) - - - give them to the Levites (the clergy*) - - -". In the Quran the demand is 20% (1/5) after a fight. and 100% if the victims give in without a fight. Plus there are other rules for how to spend those riches. One of the strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

030 4. Mos. 31/35: "- - - 32ooo women who had never slept with a man". You meet Muslims commenting darkly on Yahweh and on the Jews for taking these slaves - and surely disuse them sexually. But when Muslims scold Yahweh for this, they forget that according to the Quran Yahweh and Allah just are two names for the same god, and thus that according to this, the taking of these slaves was initiated and accepted not by a foreign god Yahweh, but by Allah. (Muslims also should think a little over Islamic/Muslim slave history before they scold others too much - Islamic/Muslim slave history is horrible.)

031 4. Mos. 32/32: "- - - sin - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

032 4. Mos. Ch. 33: Here is given the route Moses and his Israelites went and where they camped during the 40 years in the desert. For Muslims claiming they spent most of the time in Jordan (in and around Petra) none of these names are from Jordan, except a few on their way to Jericho at the very end of their 40 years.

033 4. Mos. 35/11: "- - - cities of refuge - - -". Such cities do not exist in the Quran - one more indication for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

Subtotal: 33 + 262 = 295 remarks.

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This work was uploaded with assistance from M. A. Khan, the author of Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery, and the editor of islam-watch.org website.