Bible versus Quran: 1000+ Differences & Contradictions

 

The Bible: Its Divergences from the Quran and Islam

2. Corinthians

 


Written by Paul likely in Macedonia in the autumn of 57 AD.

 

#001 2. Cor. 1/1: "- - - by the will of God (Yahweh*) - - -". All places in the Bible it is made clear that it is Yahweh who makes things happen - often via his (according to the Bible) son Jesus - and not other gods like f.x. Allah. This is so obvious that we comment on it just a few times.

002 2. Cor. 1/3: "- - - the God (Yahweh*) and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ - - -". Muhammad strongly denied both these points. For one thing Muhammad claimed the god was Allah (but wrongly tried to explain this away by means of the never documented claim that Yahweh just was another name for Allah - the former pagan Arab god al-Lah - but Yahweh and Allah simply are not the same god, as they are too different and too fundamentally different). And for the other Muhammad strongly denied that the god was the father of Jesus - no-one would believe Muhammad was the greatest if Jesus was the son of the god.

003 2. Cor. 1/5: "- - - the sufferings of Christ - - -". Jesus' death.

004 2. Cor. 1/19: "- - - the Son of God (Yahweh*), Jesus Christ - - -". See 2.Cor. 1/3 just above.

005 2. Cor. 1/22: "- - - his (Yahweh's*) Spirit - - -". One of the numerous names for the Holy Spirit. That the Holy Spirit like Allah and like Muhammad had several names, is worth remembering when Muslims claim Jesus could not mean the Holy Spirit when he before he left them the last time, promised his disciples a counselor - a helper - as he used another name, "the Spirit of truth". He must have meant Muhammad they claim - never mind that Muhammad could be no helper to them, as he lived 500 years too late, etc. "The Spirit of truth" also is some name to give a man like Muhammad - a dark and unintended joke.

As for the claim that Jesus meant Muhammad and not the Holy spirit we also may point to Jesus' order to his disciples in Luke 24/49: "I (Jesus*) am going to send you what my Father (Yahweh*) has promised (the Holy Spirit - the counselor*) stay in the city (Jerusalem*) until you have been clothed with the power (the Holy Spirit*) from the high". To wait for 500 years for Muhammad, had been a long wait in Jerusalem for them (this even more so as Jesus promised to send the councilor within a few days (Acts 1/4-5) - and Muhammad also could not "clothe" them in divine power.

Just to point to it: The sentence is "- - - (Christ*) put his Spirit (the counselor sent by Yahweh/Jesus according to the Bible*) in our (Christians around 57 AD*) hearts as a deposit - - -". If Islam had been right about that Jesus meant Muhammad and not the Holy Spirit when he talked about the counselor in John 14/16a, this should be corrected to: "- - - (Christ*) put his Muhammad (the counselor sent by Yahweh/Jesus according to the Bible*) in our (Christians around 57 AD*) hearts as a deposit - - -". And note: It is Muhammad, not his teaching, which is said to be put in their hearts. No comment necessary.

Also the comments to Acts 1/4-5 are relevant here.

006 2. Cor. 2/8: "- - - love - - -". Love is one of the central words in NT - but peripheral in the Quran, except between persons with close relationship. One of the strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, the view about such an essential point had been if not identical, then at least very similar. What is said about love here in chapter 13 of 1. Corinthian, is among the many points in NT which shows why Christianity is called "the religion of love", whereas the surahs from Medina shows why the war religion Islam is not even telling a similarity of the truth when they claim that Islam is "the religion of peace" - at least not true from the texts from Medina in the Quran.

Besides: Even if it had been true, what is to be preferred - the religion of love, where love of everybody naturally includes peace? - or the religion of peace, where love of your fellow humans is peripheral?

You may also try to compare Christ's love for everybody with Muhammad's love for everybody.

007 2. Cor. 3/3: "- - - the Spirit of the living God (Yahweh*) - - -". See 2.Cor.1/22 above./p>

#####008 2. Cor. 3/6a: "- - - ministers of the new covenant - - -". Jesus during his last meal made a new covenant with humanity. Its contents are not listed anywhere, but is the sum of his teaching. You also find it mentioned in the Gospels, f.x. Luke 22/20.

009 2. Cor. 3/6b+8: "- - - the Spirit - - -". See 2.Cor. 1/22 above./p>

010 2. Cor. 3/9a: "- - - the ministry that brings righteousness." Here is meant the ministry of Jesus/Yahweh.

011 2. Cor. 3/9b: "- - - righteousness - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

012 2. Cor. 3/14: "- - - the old covenant - - -". Hinting about the new one.

013 2. Cor. 3/16: "But whenever anyone turns to the Lord (Jesus*), the veil (covering the difference between the old covenant and Jesus' new one*) is taken away". = When someone turns to Jesus' teaching, he will see/understand the new covenant and what it tells.

###014 2. Cor. 3/17a: "Now the Lord (unclear if Jesus or Yahweh is meant, but likely Yahweh*) is the (Holy*) Spirit - - -". This may be one of the points behind the dogma of the Trinity. But just to mention it this was said by Paul, not by Jesus. Jesus (and also Paul) never talked about a Trinity. The Trinity as a dogma is human made (In Nicaea they agreed on that Yahweh and Jesus were "of the same being" - the Holy Spirit later added into the expression "three 'persons', one being". The dogma got its present form late in the fourth century under "the Cappadocia Fathers" - Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Naziansus. This dogma may be based - at least partly - on Jesus' words that Yahweh and he was one + om f.x. Paul in 2. Cor. 17+18 saying "- - - the Lord is the Spirit - - -". On the other hand it is very clear that Jesus said that Yahweh and he were one - though perhaps figuratively meant.)

The trinity formally is a central detail in Christian teaching, but only a detail, and only a formality. If it should turn out that the Trinity is wrong, it would reduce Jesus a little but not much, and it would have no effect on the basic points of the religion.

015 2. Cor. 3/17b: "- - - the Spirit of the Lord (unclear if Jesus or Yahweh is meant, but likely Yahweh*) - - -". See 2.Cor. 1/22 above.

016 2. Cor. 3/18: "- - - the Spirit, who is the Lord (Jesus*) - - -". See 2. Cor. 3/17a above.

017 2. Cor. 4/2a: "- - - we (the Christians around Paul*) do not use deception - - -". Compare this to Muhammad’s and Islam's use of dishonesty like al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth) - only Islam of the big religions has moral rules like this - Muhammad's view on the use of deceit, and the breaking of even oaths (see f.x. verses 2/225a, 5/89a, 16/91b, and 66/2a in the Quran) .

As a "brother" of al-Taqiyya and Kitman, etc., we should also mention the tradition for "Hilah": A "device to stop, hinder, or trick - - -. Strategy to avoid or circumvent legal principles or rigid constructs. - - - utilized - - - to solve contradictions between (political powers, cultural choices, etc*) and Quranic principles". (The Oxford Dictionary of Islam). In plain words: ways/tricks of seemingly or formally being honest or correct, while in reality being dishonest or incorrect. It seems that this aspect of "the religion of truth" was first campaigned of the Hanifi law school, but later utilized also by the other 3 Muslim law schools. "Hilah" is dishonesty in disguise. True honesty is not always central in Islam and among Islam's religious and moral forefront.

018 2. Cor. 4/2b: "- - - nor do we (the Christians around Paul*) distort the word of God - - -". Compared to the Bible a lot of the "Biblical" texts and information in the Quran is distorted. And we remind you that both science and Islam (not from free will) thoroughly have proved that the Bible is not falsified, by being unable to find even one provable falsification in all the tens of thousands of relevant manuscripts and fragments older than 610 AD - some mistakes, but no falsifications.

019 2. Cor. 4/2c: "- - - the truth - - -". If Paul and the others tried to live up to Jesus' teaching about being truthful, it is likely that they at least believed they were telling the truth. For comparison Muhammad and the Quran accepted dishonesty as working tool. We may also add that the Quran/Muhammad is rather eager to tell how truthful it/he is, and it is our experience that the ones overeager to stress their reliability, often are the cheats and the swindlers.

020 2. Cor. 4/14: "- - - the one (Yahweh*) who raised the Lord Jesus from the dead - - -". This is what Paul said and highly likely believed (he f.x. did too much and went through too much for too little profit, if not the reason was that he believed in his mission) - strongly contradicting Muhammad at this point, telling Muhammad and everyone else that Jesus died and was raised again. It is highly likely Paul - living when and shortly after it all happened - knew a lot more about this than Muhammad who lived in a distant country and without real sources 500 years later. Paul - and a lot others - strongly declared that Jesus died, and then was resurrected 3 days later.

021 2. Cor. 5/5: "- - - it is God (Yahweh*) who has - - - given us (Christians around 57 AD*) the Spirit (the counselor sent by Yahweh/Jesus according to the Bible*) as a deposit - - -". If Islam had been right about that Jesus meant Muhammad and not the Holy Spirit when he talked about the counselor in John 14/16a, this should be corrected to: "- - - it is God (Yahweh*) who has - - - given us (Christians around 57 AD*) Muhammad (the counselor sent by Yahweh/Jesus according to the Bible*) as a deposit- - -". How credible does this sound?

###The results of Islamic cherry-picking of points, often are helpless and involuntary - and frequently black - jokes when correct contexts are used. 500+ years wrong time-line, a very different religion of discrimination, distaste if not hate, too often Fascistic not to mention Nazi ways of thinking, and war, a very different moral code, and a man very different from both the Holy Spirit - whatever that really is - and Jesus.

Also the comments to Acts 1/4-5 are relevant here.

022 2. Cor. 5/14a: "- - - Christ's love - - -". See 2.Cor. 2/8 above.

023 2. Cor. 5/14b+15a: "- - - one (Jesus*) died - - -". A parallel to 2.Cor. 4/14 above.

024 2. Cor. 5/14c+15b: "- - - one (Jesus*) died for all - - -". Paul here means that Jesus died to pay for people's sins. Islam strongly denies this (in addition to denying he at all died).

025 2. Cor. 5/15c: "- - - him (Jesus*) who died for them and was raised again". See 2. Cor.4/14 above.

026 2. Cor. 5/19a: "- - - God (Yahweh*) was reconciling the world to himself through Christ - - -". "The world through Christ", not "the Jews through Christ" - Jesus was for the world according to Paul (and for "the twelve" and the others as they agree on this).

027 2. Cor. 5/19b: "- - - God (Yahweh*) was reconciling the world to himself through Christ - - -". "Through Christ" - not one word anywhere in the Bible about a later prophet or something, to mention never a word about Muhammad or words/names which honestly can be mistaken for Muhammad.

028 2. Cor. 5/19c+21a: "- - - sin(s) - - -". Remember that what is sin in the Bible and what is sin in the Quran - and the other way around - may be widely different. This is one of the far more than 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - if they had been, sin in the Bible and sin in the Quran had been more or less identical or at least very similar. (Muslims may try to explain this away by claiming that the Bible is falsified, but we remind you that both science and Islam strongly have proved that this claim is wrong.)

By the way: The same goes for words like righteous, just, right, good, bad, unjust, offence, wrong, crime, etc. They may cover very different meanings in the two books. Also Acts 3/14 is relevant here. The differences in the two books' moral etc. codes behind the differences in the meanings of such words, are strong proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

029 2. Cor. 5/19d: "- - - and he (Yahweh*) has committed to us (Christians*) the message of reconciliation". For comparison: The Quran - at least the surahs from Medina - has committed the Muslims to war and suppression of everybody else.

030 2. Cor. 5/21b: "- - - the righteousness". See Acts 3/14 above.

031 2. Cor. 5/21c: "- - - the righteousness of God (Yahweh*)". For comparison: Allah according to the Quran accepted and used dishonesty and deception. A god accepting and/or dishonesty and/or deception is righteous.

032 2. Cor. 6/6: "- - - love - - -". See 2.Cor. 2/8 above.

033 2. Cor. 6/7a: "- - - in truthful speech - - -". Jesus and NT stressed truthfulness strongly - facts which may count when one evaluate the truthfulness in what Paul and other followers of Jesus later told about what happened. As they obviously believed in Jesus' teaching, it is likely they at least themselves believed they were telling the truth. For comparison Muhammad and his Quran accepted dishonesty like al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), Hilah (the lawful pretending or circumventing - "dishonesty in disguise"), deception/betrayal, and even the breaking of oaths if that gave a better result (see f.x. verses 2/225a, 5/89a, 16/91b, and 66/2a in the Quran) - Muhammad even lied in the Quran (f.x. "miracles will make no-one believe anyhow" - it was not only untrue, but an intelligent and knowledgeable man like Muhammad knew it was untrue), and when he lied "a little", how much more in that book is untrue?

034 2. Cor. 6/7b+14a: "- - - righteousness - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

035 2. Cor. 6/14b: "- - - wickedness - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

036 2. Cor. 7/2a: "- - - we (Paul and the others*) have corrupted no one - - -". Muhammad used the better part of his considerable income from stealing/robbing, extortion, etc. for bribes to attract new followers or make unsure followers stay on. Many of his followers simply were corrupted into Islam from economical and other gains.

037 2. Cor. 7/2b: "- - - we (Paul and the others*) have exploited no one." Remembering all Muhammad's raids for riches, his slave taking, his extortion, etc. To say he exploited others is quite an understatement. The same goes for his use of his followers for raiding/looting, etc. if this was not really an order from Allah. We had better not compare the moral codes of these two religions - it may look unfair.

038 2. Cor. 7/12: "- - - wrong - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

039 2. Cor. 8/3: "For I (Paul*) testify that they (the Macedonians*) gave as much as they were able, and even beyond their ability - - -". In Jesus' teaching giving, and giving as much as you could afford and more to help others is good. In the Quran it also is good to give to help the poor, but do not give so much that it hurts you. Another indication for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - and Jesus and Muhammad not in the same division morally.

040 2. Cor. 8/4: "- - - the saints." Beware that here is not meant saints in our meaning of the word. The word "saints" was simply used as a name for the followers of Jesus - Christians to use our name for his followers.

041 2. Cor. 8/7+8: "- - - love - - -". See 2.Cor. 2/8 above.

042 2. Cor. 9/1: "- - - saints - - -". See 2.Cor. 8/4 above.

043 2. Cor. 9/10: "- - - righteousness - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

044 2. Cor. 10/3: "- - - we (the followers of Jesus*) do not wage war as the world does". Well, one may correctly say that also Christians have waged war - but it has been against the teaching of Jesus, not in accordance with it. For comparison Muhammad and the Quran glorify and even demand armed fighting and war "for Allah". One of the at least 200% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god. And for that case: That Jesus and Muhammad in no way were in the same religion or even in similar codes of moral.

045 2. Cor. 10/4: "The weapons we (the followers of Jesus*) are not the weapons of the world". A parallel to 2.Cor. 10/3 just above. Paul and the others fought with words and verbal arguments.

046 2. Cor. 10/5: "- - - knowledge - - -". Islam stopped accepting the value of knowledge which was not related to the religion of Islam. Muslims stopped listening to the non-religious scholars and the thinkers - except the ones instructing Islam and related stuff - and strayed from wide fields of knowledge - - - and stagnated. (Knowledge not related to Islam became disregarded in Islam and stayed so for nearly a thousand years, with the result that the culture stagnated and was overtaken in knowledge and power by Europe and America. We are sometimes thinking about what the world had been like if this had not happened, and Islam had marched on to an industrial revolution with the power and military strength this had meant. With the Quran's orders for spreading the religion, many Muslim's lust for loot, rape, slaves, and power, the 4 Islamic "schools" of law unison in the point of view that if the opponent was non-Muslim, that was enough reason to declare "holy war" - jihad - and with caliphs' lust for power and loot and extra tax - jizya and land tax - every part or Earth had been under Islam today. And f.x. slavery had not been abolished - slavery is or at least was ok until western ideas were introduced and western power and thoughts stopped it, as Muhammad took and kept slaves, included for sexual use. And as Muhammad took and kept slave, it is very likely slavery will "resurrect" if Islam ever gains world dominance - what Muhammad did, always are ok and morally correct according to Islam.

Also see 22/3a in Part III (from the Quran) - an interesting one.

#047 2. Chr. 10/14+16: "- - - gospel - - -". Gospel is a word also used in the Quran when referring to those parts of the Bible, and a word frequently used by Muslims when talking about those parts of that book. But hardly any Muslim is aware of that the word is something more than a diffuse name, and that the word is a title meaning "the story of Jesus birth, life, death, resurrection, and ascension to Heaven". Muslim scholars of course know this, but for some reason or other they do not tell it to the people. The result is that many Muslims do not see the close connection between Jesus, Jesus' history, and the gospels, or that the gospels are the central parts of Jesus' teaching.

048 2. Cor. 11/4a: "- - - if someone comes to you (persons*) and preaches a Jesus other than the Jesus we (Paul and the others*) preached - - -" - - - such men are false apostles, according to 2.Cor. 10/13. Muhammad preached a very different Jesus.

049 2. Cor. 11/4b: "- - - if someone comes to you (persons*) and preaches a different gospel (different from the one Paul and the others preached*) - - -" - - - such men are false apostles, according to 2.Cor. 10/13. Muhammad preached a very different Jesus.

050 2. Cor. 11/5: "But I (Paul*) do not think I am the least inferior to those (false*) 'super-apostles'". Muhammad was the ultimate "super-apostle", as he according to his own claims was the greatest of them all (and as his teaching was very different from the Bible, and especially from NT, according to the Bible he was a false apostle). It is highly likely Paul was right on this point, at least concerning knowledge about Jesus and about his teaching.

051 2. Cor. 11/6a: "- - - I (Paul*) do have knowledge (about Jesus and about his teaching)". Paul was in a position where he had free access to firsthand knowledge about Jesus - from Jesus' disciples, from Jesus' brothers and perhaps sisters (though he met just a few of these to begin with), and from many others who had known Jesus. For a comparison it is highly unlikely that Muhammad ever even saw a full Bible, and he took his claimed "Biblical" material mainly from legends, apocryphal (made up) stories, folklore, and even fairy tales (the sources for most of his stories in the Quran are known).

052 2. Cor. 11/6b: "- - - knowledge - - -". See 2.Cor. 10/5 above. Also see 22/3a in Part III (from the Quran) - an interesting one.

053 2. Cor. 11/7: "- - - sin - - -". See Acts 3/14 and 2. Cor. 5/19c above.

###054 2. Cor. 11/14: "- - - for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light." Was it Satan - Iblis to Muslims - who masqueraded as the angel Gabriel whom Muhammad met - or believed or at least claimed he met? (If Muhammad had TLE - Temporal Lobe Epilepsy - like modern medical science suspects, Muhammad may well have believed some of his tales himself. (Actually science tends to believe he believed at least partly in his own stories in the beginning - which may strengthen the doctors' suspicion about TLE (Temporal Lobe Epilepsy). For his belief in his later years, science is more skeptical.)

###055 2. Cor. 11/14-15: "- - - for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness". Is this the explanation for Muhammad? - a number of his deeds, a number of his moral rules, a number of his judicial rules, etc. may indicate things like this, as they fit the dark forces better than they fit a good and benevolent god. Was he a servant of the dark forces masquerading as a servant of righteousness and a benevolent god?

056 2. Cor. 11/29: "- - - sin - - -". See Acts 3/14 and 2. Cor. 5/19c above.

057 2. Cor. 11/31: "The God (Yahweh*) and Father of the Lord Jesus - - -". See 2. Cor. 4/14 above.

058 2. Cor. 12/11: "- - - but I (Paul*) do not in the least inferior to the (false*) 'super-apostles' - - -". Muhammad was the ultimate "super-apostle", as he according to his own claims was the greatest of them all (and as his teaching was very different from the Bible, and especially from NT, according to the Bible he was a false apostle). It is highly likely Paul was right on this point, at least concerning knowledge about Jesus and about his teaching.

###059 2. Cor. 12/12a: "The things that mark an apostle - signs, wonders and miracles - - -". None of these did Muhammad or Allah perform - another clear indication for that Muhammad was not an apostle. (Oh. there are plenty of claims for signs and even proofs in the Quran, but they all and without exception are invalid as such, as it in not one case is proved that the sign, etc. really is performed by Allah. They only are claims based on nothing - claims any believer in any religion can make on behalf of his/her god(s) as long as he/she can evade all requests for proofs like Muhammad did.)

#060 2. Cor. 12/12b: "The things that mark an apostle - signs, wonders and miracles - were done among you with great perseverance". It would be absolutely impossible and absolutely counter-productive for Paul to say this to witnesses to what had happened or not happened, unless he was sure they knew - or at least really believed - he was right.

061 2. Cor. 12/15: "- - - love - - -". See 2.Cor. 2/8 above.

062 2. Cor. 12/21: "- - - sin - - -". See Acts 3/14 and 2. Cor. 5/19c above.

063 2. Cor. 13/2: "- - - sinned - - -". See Acts 3/14 and 2. Cor. 5/19c above.

064 2. Cor. 13/4: "- - - he (Jesus*) was crucified - - -". See 2.Cor. 4/14.

065 2. Cor. 13/7: "- - - wrong - - - right - - -". See Acts 3/14 above.

066 2. Cor. 13/8: "- - - truth - - -". See 2.Cor. 6/7a above.

067 2. Cor. 13/11a: "- - - the God (Yahweh*) of love - - -". Especially easy to see in NT. Also compare this to the god of war, suppression of, and distaste for non-Muslims, Allah

068 2. Cor. 13/11b: "- - - love - - -". See 2.Cor. 2/8 above.

069 2. Cor. 13/14a: "- - - the love of God (Yahweh*) - - -". Very central especially in NT similar. Similar mentioned, but far from central in the Quran. One more strong indication for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god, in spite of Muhammad's many, but never documented - like normal for Muhammad - claims.

070 2. Cor. 13/14b: "- - - the fellowship of the Holy Spirit - - -". There is nothing similar in Islam.

Sub-total: 70 + 1319 = 1389 remarks.

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This work was uploaded with assistance from M. A. Khan, the author of Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery, and the editor of islam-watch.org website.