Humans, Other Beings in/Relevant to the Quran: Introduction


HUMANS, OTHER BEINGS, ETC. IN OR RELEVANT TO THE QURAN

Book L, Vol. 1, in the "1000+ Mistakes in the Quran" series.
 

(Items listed in alphabetically.)



Introduction and Contents


According to science there are 2 modes of thinking:

1): The superficial one - also named the automatic one or the instinctive one. When you hear or read something, your brain simply jumps to a conclusion based on what you believe from before + feelings, etc., etc. This method is quick and also needs nearly no energy. But it is superficial.

2): The reflective one - also named the analytical one. Here your brain works on the material + compares it to other information you have. This is the method one has to use when really evaluating or studying information. This mode is more reliable - sometimes much more. (Critical thinking is a strengthen version of this, and often needs some training to be perfected. It is, however, the most reliable method to find out what is the truth.)

Religious people talking or reading about religious topics, normally use mode 1.

Muhammad said: "I have been made victorious through terror" (Bukhari 4-52-220.)


 

One thing to be remembered: Even if all the wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, invalid logic, etc. in the Quran prove 110% and more that the book is not from a god, and that thus Islam is a made up pagan religion, most Muslims are just as human as non-Muslims. No Muslim should be judged bad only because he/she is a Muslim. It might in some cases be wise to be a little careful until you know him or her, as it is difficult to know who is a monster, who is between, and who - the majority - is a human, but that is it, if bad facts do not turn up.

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BEWARE:

1. You will find quite a number of repetitions in our book. The reason simply is that the Quran is full of repetition, and consequently we often have to repeat our comments, and also because our books are of the encyclopedia style, so that it is necessary to repeat points different places in order that the readers do not have to search too many places to find what they need.

2. When we refer to another point in our books, you normally have to go to a book or part of a book where our comments are listed in accordance with the way the verses are found in the Quran. Our Book F is most complete in this way, followed by our Book A.

3. The Quran claims it is an exact copy of "The Mother of the Book" (= "The Mother of the Quran") - a book revered by Allah and his angels in Heaven. It further claims to be an exact copy of this "Mother of the Book", and also claims it has been sent down to prophets and messengers through the entire history of man. As all of them are copies of the same "Mother of the Book", they must be more or less identical, even if it tells that there are differences through the time.

4. With "time anomalies" we in our books mean persons, happenings, etc. which then - as the books are similar to the Quran - have been written in the older copies to older prophets, etc. before things written in the book, took place. According to the Quran, f.x. Noah received a copy - - - and would understand very little from what was referred to by Moses or Jesus or Muhammad.

5. Remember here that Homo Sapiens is some 160ooo-200ooo years old, Homo Neanderthalis and the Denisovans are both some 400ooo years old, our forefathers Homo Erectus some 1.5 million and Homo Habilis some 2.8 million years old. But: The oldest alphabets known - f.x. the cuneiform one - are perhaps 5100-5200 years old. Pictographs as a means for writing texts (f.x. Sumer - now part of northern Iraq - China, and Egypt) are of roughly similar age, though in China a bit younger: Egypt some 3400 BC, Sumer some 3300 BC, China some 1500 BC. For the ones living before writing and reading were invented: In what language were their copies of the Quran written, and what alphabets were used? And what were the books used for, as the "prophets" could not read? (According to many Muslims, the original language of "The Mother of the Book" in heaven is Arab, but remember that the Arab language did not exist until after Arabia was settled a few thousand years ago - and the Arab alphabet was not complete until around 900 AD (some 1100+ years ago).

6. The main problem, though, is that there are so many wrong facts (1700+), other errors, points with invalid logic, contradictions (300+), helpless/unclear language, etc., that the Quran itself proves that it is not from a god, and thus Islam is a made up, pagan religion.

7. Point 6. is strengthened by the fact that the only source of the never proved tales in the Quran, was a man who clearly wanted respect, power, riches for bribes for more power - and women. And a man who even the Quran and Islam confirms accepted and himself used dishonesty (f.x. al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit, betrayal, and disuse of words/promises/oaths (2/225, 3/54, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2) as ok working tools. Such men often are unreliable, and some have even deceived their own friends and followers. They also often have tendencies to being psychopathic.

8. ISLAM AND MUSLIMS VERY OFTEN TRY TO EXPLAIN AWAY ERRORS, CONTRADICTIONS, ETC. IN THE QURAN BY CLAIMING THAT THE BOOK MANY PLACES MEANS SOMETHING DIFFERENT FROM WHAT IT REALLY SAYS - THAT THE TEXT F.X. IS AN ALLEGORY OR SOMETHING, EVEN IF THIS IS NOT INDICATED, AND IN SPITE OF THAT THE QURAN MANY TIMES STATES THAT ITS TEXTS ARE PLAIN AND EASY TO UNDERSTAND + STATES THAT ONLY THE SICK OF HEART ARE LOOKING FOR HIDDEN MEANINGS - HIDDEN MEANINGS ONLY ALLAH ALL THE SAME CAN UNDERSTAND IF THEY EXIST. BUT TO CLAIM THAT THE QURAN MEANS SOMETHING DIFFERENT FROM WHAT IT SAYS, FOR ONE THING MEANS THEY CLAIM THEY KNOW BETTER THAN ALLAH WHAT ALLAH "REALLY" MEANS, FOR ANOTHER THAT THEY CLAIM THEY ARE BETTER AT ECPLAINING THAN THE OMNISCINET GOD ALLAH IS, AND FOR A THIRD IT MEANS TO CHANGE THE MEANING OF THE TEXTS = TO CORRUPT AND FALSIFY TEXTS IN THE BOOK AND THUS TO CORRUPT AND FALSIFY THE QURAN.

Well, in this book we do not debate these proofs for that things are very wrong in the Quran and in Islam, but just tells - and comment some on - what is said about persons and other beings in the Quran or closely connected to the old Islam. It is meant as background information for evaluating and understanding the realities behind the Quran, Muhammad, and Islam.

 

CONTENTS (Alphabetical list of Humans, other beings, names, etc. in or relevant to the Quran)

  1. Aaron (brother of Moses).
  2. Abdullah - son of Muhammad. He died as an infant.
  3. (al-)Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Uncle of Muhammad and founder of the Abbasid dynasty.
  4. Abbasids. Ruling dynasty from 750 to 1258 AD.
  5. 6. Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib. The father of Muhammad.
  6. Abdullah ibn Jahsh. Muslim leader, brother of Muhammad's wife Zaynab.
  7. Abdullah ibn Ubayy. A mighty man in Mecca.
  8. Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim. Muhammad's grandfather.
  9. Abel (son of Adam and brother of Cain) - not named in the Quran.
  10. Abraham.
  11. Abyssinians and Abyssinia.
  12. 'Ad - an old Arab tribe according to legends and to the Quran.
  13. Adam.
  14. Aisha - Muhammad's child wife.
  15. Alexander the Great/Dhu'l Quarnayn - king of Macedonia, Greece and more.
  16. Ali ibn abu Talib. Married to Muhammad's daughter Fatima. 4. caliph.
  17. Allah - see our Book J.
  18. Amat - title of Yahweh's (and Allah's?) wife(!) according to extremely old Hebrew religion.
  19. Amina. Muhammad's mother.
  20. Angels.
  21. Anna (or Hannah?) - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary, mother of Jesus.
  22. Ansars. "Helpers" in Medina.
  23. Ants.
  24. Apostates.
  25. Apostles.
  26. Arabisms.
  27. Arabs.
  28. (abu al-)As. Nephew of Khadiyya and married to Muhammad's(?) daughter Zaynab.
  29. Azar - father of Abraham (Terah in the Bible).
  30. Azis (Potiphar in the Bible).
  31. Ba'l, Ba`al or Baal - name for a (or really more than one) god in the region.
  32. Aws - see Banu Aws.
  33. Bahira. Claimed to be a Christian prophesying Muhammad's greatness.
  34. Abu Bakr. Muhammad's closest co-worker and father of Muhammad's child wife Aishah.
  35. Ba'l (OR Baal OR Ba'al)
  36. Banu Aws. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
  37. Banu Ghatafan. Arab tribe(s) north-east from Mecca.
  38. Banu Hawazin. A mighty Arab tribe near the town of Taif.
  39. Banu Khazraj. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
  40. Banu Khuza'a. Arab tribe near the coast between Mecca and Medina.
  41. Banu Mustaliq. Sub tribe of the Arab Khuza'a tribe. Refused Muhammad until forced to accept him.
  42. Banu Nadir - one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
  43. Banu Qaynuqa - another one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
  44. Banu Quraysh - the leading Arab tribe in Mecca.
  45. Banu Qurayzah - the 3. Jewish tribe in Medina.
  46. Banu Sulaim. Large Arab tribe east of Medina.
  47. Banu Thaqif. The Arab tribe in and around the town Taif, south-east from Mecca.
  48. Bathsheba (not named in the Quran) - married to Uris, mistress of David, and mother of Solomon.
  49. Benjamin - younger brother of Joseph, son of Jacob.
  50. Bilal. Freed slave. The first caller to prayers.
  51. 52. Bilqis (according to Arab tradition the name of the Queen of Sheba - not named in the Quran).
  52. Birds.
  53. Buraq - Muhammad's riding animal during the claimed Night Journey. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  54. Cain - son of Adam. Killed his brother Abel.
  55. Caleb - spy for Moses. Not named in the Quran.
  56. Canaanites - the inhabitants of Canaan. Not named in the Quran.
  57. Children of Adam - mankind.
  58. Children of Israel (= of Jacob) - Jews.
  59. Christ (a title for Jesus) - also see our Book P.
  60. Christians.
  61. "Companions of the Ark" - Noah's followers.
  62. "Companions of the Cave" - the 7 sleepers.
  63. "Companions of the City".
  64. "Companions of the Elephant" - army wanting to attack Mecca around 570 AD.
  65. "Companions of the Fire (Hell*)" - non-Muslims.
  66. "Companions of the Garden (Paradise)" - Muslims.
  67. "Companions of the Left Hand" - non-Muslims.
  68. "Companions of the Rass".
  69. "Companions of the Right Hand" - Muslims.
  70. "Companions of the Righteous" - Muslims.
  71. "Companions of the Wood".
  72. Confederates.
  73. Daniel - not named in the Quran.
  74. David - the greatest king of the old Jews.
  75. Desert Arabs.
  76. Devil, the/Iblis.
  77. Dhu'l-Kifel.
  78. Dhu'l Quarnayn - an Arab name for Alexander the Great.
  79. Dhu'n Nun - Jonah, the Jewish prophet claimed swallowed by a fish.
  80. Different topics.
  81. Disciples of Jesus.
  82. Djinns.
  83. Doers of good.
  84. Egyptians.
  85. Elias - likely the Jewish prophet Elijah.
  86. Elijah - Jewish prophet.
  87. Elisha - Jewish prophet.
  88. Enoch - great great grandson of Adam.
  89. Evenuch.
  90. Evil spirits.
  91. Eve - the wife of Adam. Not named in the Quran, but the name Hawwa sometimes used in Islam.
  92. Exodus - the Jews leaving Egypt after 430 years mostly as slaves.
  93. Ezra - Jewish priest, scholar, prophet, and rebuilder of the Temple of Jerusalem.
  94. "Father of Flames".
  95. Fatima - Daughter of Muhammad.
  96. Gabriel - angel (arch angel according to the Bible).
  97. (al-)Ghazali - a central later Muslim scholar.
  98. Gideon - not mentioned by name in the Quran, but likely mixed up with Saul/Talut.
  99. Gog (and Magog) - in the Quran 2 wild tribes, in the Bible a ruler and his country.
  100. Goliah.
  101. Hafsa. Daughter of Omar and one of Muhammad's wives.
  102. Hagar - slave of Sarah and mother of Ishmael.
  103. Haman.
  104. Hamzah ibn Abdul-Mutalib. One of Muhammad's uncles.
  105. Handsome youths
  106. Hannah or perhaps Anna - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary.
  107. Harun. The Arab name of Aaron, brother of Moses.
  108. Harut (and Marut).
  109. Hassan ibn Thabit. Muhammad's court poet.
  110. Herod - king in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus' birth.
  111. Hind bint Utbah.
  112. The Holy Spirit.
  113. Hoopoe.
  114. Houris - sex slaves in the Quran's paradise.
  115. Hubal.
  116. Hud - first of the 3 claimed prophets of old Arabia.
  117. Hypocrites.
  118. Iblis/the Devil.
  119. Ibrahim - son of Muhammad and the slave Marieh. He died as an infant.
  120. Idris.
  121. Ifritt - a supernatural being according to the Quran.
  122. Il - the oldest known name of al-Ilah (the name of Allah when he became the moon god of Arabia).
  123. Ilah (al-Ilah) - moon god of Arabia.

  124. Imam - leader of common prayers and often a low level Muslim religious leader.
  125. Imran.
  126. Isa - Islam's (wrong) name for Jesus.

  127. Isaac - the second of the 3 Jewish patriarchs.
  128. Ishmael - Isaac’s older half-brother. Muhammad claimed Ishmael was the forefather of the Arabs.
  129. Jacob - 3rd and last of the Jewish patriarchs.
  130. Jafar ibn abu Talib. Brother of Ali ibn abu Talib.
  131. abu Jahl. One of the leaders in the Quraysh tribe, and a strong opponent of Muhammad.
  132. Jethro - father-in-law of Moses. Not named in the Quran.
  133. Jesus/Christ - see our Book N.
  134. Jewish prophets.
  135. Jews.
  136. Jews in the Quran.
  137. Jinns - a group of supernatural beings in the Quran (borrowed from pagan Arab religion and legends).
  138. Job.
  139. John the Baptist.
  140. Jonah - the Jewish prophet claimed swallowed by a fish
  141. Joseph - father of Jesus.
  142. Joseph - son of Jacob. Sold to Egypt by his brothers.
  143. Joseph's brothers.
  144. Joshua ben Nun - spy for Moses and leader of the Jews after Moses' death. Not named in the Quran.
  145.  Judah - son of Jacob.
  146. Juwayriyya. Daughter of the chief of the Arab Mustaliq tribe. Muhammad's wife after taken prisoner.
  147. Kab ibn Asad. Chief of the Jewish Qurayzah tribe in Medina.
  148. Kab ibn ai-Ashraf. Poet and chief of the Jewish Nadir tribe in Mecca. Murdered by Muhammad.
  149. Keturah - Abraham's second wife. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  150. Khadiyya - 1. wife of Muhammad (a rich, 15 years older widow).
  151. Khalid ibn al-Walid. A military leader in Mecca. Became Muslim after Islam became strong
  152. .
  153. al-Khidr (= the Green One). Claimed travel mate of Moses in the Quran, but not named there.
  154. al-Lah/Allah. See our Book J.
  155. abu Lahab ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and a strong opponent of him.
  156. al-Lat - female main god in old Arab religion.
  157. Lut - nephew of Abraham. In the Bible his name is Lot.
  158. Luqman - wise man in old Arab folklore and fairy tales. Claimed to be a real person by the Quran.
  159. Madyanites.
  160. Magicians of Pharaoh Ramses II.
  161. Magog (of Gog and Magog). See Gog.
  162. Malik ibn Auf al-Nastri. Chief for the Arab Hawazin tribe.
  163. Manat - one of the 3 main female gods in the old Arab religion. The others were al-Lat and al-Uzza.
  164. Mankind - the relationship to Allah.
  165. Marut (of Harut and Marut). See Harut.
  166. Mary - mother of Jesus.
  167. Mary's father.
  168. Mary's mother.
  169. Maymunah bint al-Harith. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
  170. Men of the caravan who bought Joseph, son of Jacob.
  171. Merneptah - slightly possible to be the pharaoh of Exodus (instead of Ramses II). Not named in the Quran.
  172. Messenger - Muhammad's alternative title to "prophet".
  173. Midianites - descendants of Midian, 6. son of Abraham (not named in the Quran), or from Midian.
  174. Miriam - sister of Moses.
  175. Moral code - glimpses of it.
  176. Moses.
  177. "Mother of the Book, the" ("the mother of the Quran") - The claimed original Quran in Allah's Heaven.
  178. Mother of Jesus - see Mary.
  179. Mother of Moses.
  180. Muhajirs.
  181. Muhammad (See our Book K: "Muhammad in the Quran")
  182. Mullah - Muslim scholars and often religious leaders. Also see "imam".
  183. Musaylima. "Prophet" and competitor to Muhammad.
  184. Muslim.
  185. al-Nadr ibn al-Harit. Strong opponent of Muhammad in Mecca. Executed by Muhammad in 624 AD.
  186. Nathan - old Jewish prophet.
  187. Nasr - pagan god in old Arabia.
  188. Nimrod - great grandson of Noah. His fire should burn Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
  189. Noah.
  190. Non-Muslims.
  191. Omar (or Umar) ibn al-Khattab. Early and close follower of Muhammad. Caliph 634 - 644 AD.
  192. Orphans (children?).
  193. Other gods than Allah.
  194. Pagans.
  195. People murdered by Muhammad.
  196. People of the Book (Jews, Christians, and Sabeans).
  197. People of Midian/Madyan (or perhaps descendants of Midian, Abraham's 6. son).
  198. People of the Pharaoh - people of Ramses II.
  199. People of the Rass - borrowed from old Arab legends.
  200. People of the Rocky Tract - borrowed from old Arab legends.
  201. People of Saba - see Sabeans.
  202. People of Thamud.
  203. People of the Wood - borrowed from old Arab legends.
  204. Prophets - included non-Jewish ones.
  205. Punishment in the grave.
  206. Qarun - claimed opponent of Moses.
  207. Qasim - son of Muhammad. Died as an infant.
  208. Queen of Saba/Sabah/Sheba - according to Arab folklore named Bilqis.
  209. Rabbis - Jewish priests.
  210. abu Rafi. Chief of the Jewish town Khaybar. Murdered by Muhammad.
  211. Ramses II, pharaoh of Egypt.

  212. Rayhana bint Amr (or bint Zaid) - raped by Muhammad and later his concubine.
  213. Reuben - half-brother of Joseph. Not named in the Quran.
  214. Ruqayya - daughter of Muhammad.
  215. Sad ibn abu Waqqas.

  216. Sad ibn Muadh.

  217. Safiyya bint Huayay - raped by Muhammad and later one of his long time wives.
  218. Safwan ibn Umayya. Clan leader in the Arab tribe Quraysh. Originally strong opponent of Muhammad.
  219. Salih - second of the 3 claimed prophets of the old Arabia.
  220. Sabeans - people of Saba/Sabah/Sheba.
  221. Saints.
  222. Samarians - Samaria/Samarians did not exist at the time of Moses.
  223. Samiri, the - a claimed Samarian opposing Moses.
  224. Samuel - Jewish prophet. Not named in the Quran.
  225. Sarah - 1. wife of Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
  226. Satan - the Devil/Iblis.
  227. Sauda bint Zamah. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
  228. Saul - Talut in the Quran. The first Jewish king.
  229. 7 Sleepers - borrowed from a Christian made up legend.
  230. Shu'ayb - third of the claimed 3 prophets of old Arabia.
  231. Skeptics.
  232. Slanderers
  233. Slaves
  234. Solomon.
  235. Sorcerers.
  236. Soul - the eternal one.
  237. Spirit - the holy one.
  238. Spirits.
  239. (abu) Sufyan. Strong opponent of Muhammad, but became Muslim around 630 AD.
  240. Suwa - pagan god from the old Arabia.
  241. Tahir - perhaps son of Muhammad.
  242. abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and foster father after his grandfather died
  243. .
  244. Talut - see Saul.
  245. Tayyab - perhaps son of Muhammad.
  246. Thamud.
  247. Those who received scriptures. Jews, Christians, and Sabeans.
  248. Time anomaly - in our books = information in claimed copies of the "Mother Book" before it happened.
  249. Terah - father of Abraham. Azar in the Quran.
  250. Trinity, the.
  251. Tubba - old kingdom and king. Borrowed from Arab folklore.
  252. Twelve, the - the 12 disciples of Jesus.
  253. Twelve (Jewish) tribes.
  254. Ummaya ibn Khalaf. Opponent of Muhammad. Executed by Muhammad after the battle of Badr.254. Umm Habibe (real name Ramla bint abu Safyan).
  255. Umm Kulthum - daughter of Muhammad.
  256. Umm Salama. Muhammad's 4. wife.
  257. Unknown ones.
  258. Uriah - husband of Bathsheba, mistress of David and mother of Solomon. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  259. Usayr - the Quran's name for Ezra.
  260. Utbah ibn Rabiah. Clan chief in the Quraysh tribe.
  261. Utman ibn Affen. Close co-worker to Muhammad. 3. caliph (644 - 656 AD).
  262. al-Uzza - one of the 3 main goddesses of the old Arabia. The others were al-Lat and Manat.
  263. Wadd - old Arab pagan god.
  264. Waraqa ibn Naufal. If he existed may be was a Christian. Claimed witness for Muhammad being prophet.
  265. Washi.
  266. Wife of Adam - see Eve.
  267. Wife of the Azis/Potiphar.
  268. Wife of the Pharaoh (Horemheb)
  269. Women.
  270. Wrongdoers - mainly non-Muslims.
  271. Xerxes I.

  272. Yaghuth - old pagan Arab god.
  273. Ya'uq - old pagan Arab god.
  274. Yahya - the Quran's name for John the Baptist.
  275. Youths - servants in the Quran's paradise.
  276. Zakariyya - father of John the Baptist.
  277. Zaid ibn Haritha - freed slave and Muhammad's adopted son.
  278. Zainab bint Jahsh - wife of Zaid and later of Muhammad.
  279. Zainab bint Muhammad - daughter of Muhammad.
  280. Zerubbabel - not named in the Quran, but led the return of the Jews from Babylon to Jerusalem.
  281. Zoroastrians - the main religion in the old Persia. Not named in the Quran.
  282. al-Zubayribn al-Awwam. Early and strong follower of Muhammad.

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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".