Humans, Other Beings in or Relevant to the Quran


 

>>  Introduction

>>  Part 1

  • Aaron (brother of Moses).
  • Abdullah - son of Muhammad. He died as an infant.
  • (al-)Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Uncle of Muhammad and founder of the Abbasid dynasty.
  • Abbasids. Ruling dynasty from 750 to 1258 AD.
  • 6. Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib. The father of Muhammad.
  • Abdullah ibn Jahsh. Muslim leader, brother of Muhammad's wife Zaynab.
  • Abdullah ibn Ubayy. A mighty man in Mecca.
  • Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim. Muhammad's grandfather.
  • Abel (son of Adam and brother of Cain) - not named in the Quran.
  • Abraham.
  • Abyssinians and Abyssinia.

>>  Part 2

  • 'Ad - an old Arab tribe according to legends and to the Quran.
  • Adam.
  • Aisha - Muhammad's child wife.
  • Alexander the Great/Dhu'l Quarnayn - king of Macedonia, Greece and more.
  • Ali ibn abu Talib. Married to Muhammad's daughter Fatima. 4. caliph.

>>  Part 3

  • Allah - see our Book J.
  • Amat - title of Yahweh's (and Allah's?) wife(!) according to extremely old Hebrew religion.
  • Amina. Muhammad's mother.
  • Angels.
  • Anna (or Hannah?) - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary, mother of Jesus.

>>  Part 4

  • Ansars. "Helpers" in Medina.
  • Ants.
  • Apostates.
  • Apostles.
  • Arabisms.

>>  Part 5

  • Arabs.
  • (abu al-)As. Nephew of Khadiyya and married to Muhammad's(?) daughter Zaynab.
  • Azar - father of Abraham (Terah in the Bible).
  • Azis (Potiphar in the Bible).
  • Ba'l, Ba`al or Baal - name for a (or really more than one) god in the region.

>>  Part 6

  • Aws - see Banu Aws.
  • Bahira. Claimed to be a Christian prophesying Muhammad's greatness.
  • Abu Bakr. Muhammad's closest co-worker and father of Muhammad's child wife Aishah.
  • Ba'l (OR Baal OR Ba'al)
  • Banu Aws. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
  • Banu Ghatafan. Arab tribe(s) north-east from Mecca.
  • Banu Hawazin. A mighty Arab tribe near the town of Taif.
  • Banu Khazraj. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
  • Banu Khuza'a. Arab tribe near the coast between Mecca and Medina.
  • Banu Mustaliq. Sub tribe of the Arab Khuza'a tribe. Refused Muhammad until forced to accept him.

>>  Part 7

  • Banu Nadir - one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
  • Banu Qaynuqa - another one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
  • Banu Quraysh - the leading Arab tribe in Mecca.
  • Banu Qurayzah - the 3. Jewish tribe in Medina.
  • Banu Sulaim. Large Arab tribe east of Medina.
  • Banu Thaqif. The Arab tribe in and around the town Taif, south-east from Mecca.
  • Bathsheba (not named in the Quran) - married to Uris, mistress of David, and mother of Solomon.
  • Benjamin - younger brother of Joseph, son of Jacob.
  • Bilal. Freed slave. The first caller to prayers.
  • 52. Bilqis (according to Arab tradition the name of the Queen of Sheba - not named in the Quran).

>>  Part 8

  • Birds.
  • Buraq - Muhammad's riding animal during the claimed Night Journey. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  • Cain - son of Adam. Killed his brother Abel.
  • Caleb - spy for Moses. Not named in the Quran.
  • Canaanites - the inhabitants of Canaan. Not named in the Quran.
  • Children of Adam - mankind.
  • Children of Israel (= of Jacob) - Jews.
  • Christ (a title for Jesus) - also see our Book P.
  • Christians.
  • "Companions of the Ark" - Noah's followers.

>>  Part 9

  • "Companions of the Cave" - the 7 sleepers.

>>  Part 10

  • "Companions of the City".
  • "Companions of the Elephant" - army wanting to attack Mecca around 570 AD.
  • "Companions of the Fire (Hell*)" - non-Muslims.
  • "Companions of the Garden (Paradise)" - Muslims.
  • "Companions of the Left Hand" - non-Muslims.
  • "Companions of the Rass".
  • "Companions of the Right Hand" - Muslims.
  • "Companions of the Righteous" - Muslims.

>>  Part 11

  • "Companions of the Wood".
  • Confederates.
  • Daniel - not named in the Quran.
  • David - the greatest king of the old Jews.
  • Desert Arabs.
  • Devil, the/Iblis.
  • Dhu'l-Kifel.
  • Dhu'l Quarnayn - an Arab name for Alexander the Great.
  • Dhu'n Nun - Jonah, the Jewish prophet claimed swallowed by a fish.

>>  Part 12

  • Different topics.
  • Disciples of Jesus.
  • Djinns.
  • Doers of good.

>>  Part 13

  1. Egyptians.
  2. Elias - likely the Jewish prophet Elijah.
  3. Elijah - Jewish prophet.
  4. Elisha - Jewish prophet.
  5. Enoch - great great grandson of Adam.
  6. Eunuch.

>>  Part  14

  • Evil spirits.
  • Eve - the wife of Adam. Not named in the Quran, but the name Hawwa sometimes used in Islam.
  • Exodus - the Jews leaving Egypt after 430 years mostly as slaves.
  • Ezra - Jewish priest, scholar, prophet, and rebuilder of the Temple of Jerusalem.
  • "Father of Flames".

>>  Part 15

  • Fatima - Daughter of Muhammad.
  • Gabriel - angel (arch angel according to the Bible).
  • (al-)Ghazali - a central later Muslim scholar.
  • Gideon - not mentioned by name in the Quran, but likely mixed up with Saul/Talut.

>>  Part 16

  • Gog (and Magog) - in the Quran 2 wild tribes, in the Bible a ruler and his country.
  • Goliah.
  • Hafsa. Daughter of Omar and one of Muhammad's wives.
  • Hagar - slave of Sarah and mother of Ishmael.
  • Haman.
  • Hamzah ibn Abdul-Mutalib. One of Muhammad's uncles.
  • Handsome youths
  • Hannah or perhaps Anna - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary.
  • Harun. The Arab name of Aaron, brother of Moses.
  • Harut (and Marut).
  • Hassan ibn Thabit. Muhammad's court poet.

>>  Part 17

  • Herod - King of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus' birth.
  • Hind bint Utbah.
  • The Holy Spirit.
  • Hoopoe.
  • Houris - Sex slaves in Islam's Paradise.

>>  Part 18

  • Hubal.
  • Hud - first of the 3 claimed prophets of old Arabia.
  • Hypocrites.
  • Iblis/the Devil.

>>  Part 19

  • Ibrahim - son of Muhammad and the slave Marieh. He died as an infant.
  • Idris.
  • Ifritt - a supernatural being according to the Quran.
  • Il - the oldest known name of al-Ilah (the name of Allah when he became the moon god of Arabia).
  • Ilah (al-Ilah) - moon god of Arabia.

  • Imam - leader of common prayers and often a low level Muslim religious leader.

>>  Part 20

  • Imran.
  • Isa - Islam's (wrong) name for Jesus.

  • Isaac - the second of the 3 Jewish patriarchs.
  • Ishmael - Isaac’s older half-brother. Muhammad claimed Ishmael was the forefather of the Arabs.

>>  Part 21

  • Jafar ibn abu Talib. Brother of Ali ibn abu Talib.
  • abu Jahl. One of the leaders in the Quraysh tribe, and a strong opponent of Muhammad.
  • Jethro - father-in-law of Moses. Not named in the Quran.
  • Jesus/Christ - see our Book N.
  • Jewish prophets.

>>  Part 22

  • Jews.
  • Jews in the Quran.

>>  Part 23

  • Jinns - a group of supernatural beings in the Quran (borrowed from pagan Arab religion and legends).
  • Job.
  • John the Baptist.

>>  Part 24

  • Joseph - father of Jesus.
  • Joseph - son of Jacob. Sold to Egypt by his brothers.
  • Joseph's brothers.
  • Joshua ben Nun - spy for Moses and leader of the Jews after Moses' death. Not named in the Quran.
  •  Judah - son of Jacob.
  • Juwayriyya. Daughter of the chief of the Arab Mustaliq tribe. Muhammad's wife after taken prisoner.
  • Kab ibn Asad. Chief of the Jewish Qurayzah tribe in Medina.
  • Kab ibn ai-Ashraf. Poet and chief of the Jewish Nadir tribe in Mecca. Murdered by Muhammad.
  • Keturah - Abraham's second wife. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  • Khadija - 1. wife of Muhammad (a rich, 15 years older widow).

>>  Part 25

  • Khalid ibn al-Walid. A military leader in Mecca. Became Muslim after Islam became strong
  • .
  • al-Khidr (= the Green One). Claimed travel mate of Moses in the Quran, but not named there.
  • al-Lah/Allah. See our Book J.
  • abu Lahab ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and a strong opponent of him.
  • al-Lat - female main god in old Arab religion.
  • Lut - nephew of Abraham. In the Bible his name is Lot.
  • Luqman - wise man in old Arab folklore and fairy tales. Claimed to be a real person by the Quran.
  • Madyanites.

>>  Part 26

  • Magicians of Pharaoh Ramses II.
  • Magog (of Gog and Magog). See Gog.
  • Malik ibn Auf al-Nastri. Chief for the Arab Hawazin tribe.
  • Manat - one of the 3 main female gods in the old Arab religion. The others were al-Lat and al-Uzza.
  • Mankind - the relationship to Allah.
  • Marut (of Harut and Marut). See Harut.
  • Mary - mother of Jesus.
  • Mary's father.
  • Mary's mother.
  • Maymunah bint al-Harith. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
  • Men of the caravan who bought Joseph, son of Jacob.

>>  Part  27

  • Merneptah - slightly possible to be the pharaoh of Exodus (instead of Ramses II). Not named in the Quran.
  • Messenger - Muhammad's alternative title to "prophet".
  • Midianites - descendants of Midian, 6. son of Abraham (not named in the Quran), or from Midian.
  • Miriam - sister of Moses.
  • Moral code - glimpses of it.

>>  Part  28

  • Moses.

>>  Part  29

  • "Mother of the Book, the" ("the mother of the Quran") - The claimed original Quran in Allah's Heaven.
  • Mother of Jesus - see Mary.
  • Mother of Moses.
  • Muhajirs.

>>  Part  30

  • Muhammad (See our Book K: "Muhammad in the Quran")
  • Mullah - Muslim scholars and often religious leaders. Also see "imam".
  • Musaylima. "Prophet" and competitor to Muhammad.
  • Muslim.

>>  Part  31

  • al-Nadr ibn al-Harit. Strong opponent of Muhammad in Mecca. Executed by Muhammad in 624 AD.
  • Nathan - old Jewish prophet.
  • Nasr - pagan god in old Arabia.
  • Nimrod - great grandson of Noah. His fire should burn Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
  • Noah.

>>  Part  32

  • Non-Muslims.

>>  Part  33

  • Omar (or Umar) ibn al-Khattab. Early and close follower of Muhammad. Caliph 634 - 644 AD.
  • Orphans (children?).
  • Other gods than Allah.

>>  Part  34

  • Pagans, Paganism

>>  Part  35

  • People murdered by Muhammad.
  • People of the Book (Jews, Christians, and Sabeans).
  • People of Midian/Madyan (or perhaps descendants of Midian, Abraham's 6. son).
  • People of the Pharaoh - people of Ramses II.
  • People of the Rass - borrowed from old Arab legends.

>>   Part  36

  • People of the Rocky Tract - borrowed from old Arab legends.
  • People of Saba - see Sabeans.
  • People of Thamud.
  • People of the Wood - borrowed from old Arab legends.
  • Prophets - included non-Jewish ones.
  • Punishment in the grave.

>>   Part  37

  • Qarun - claimed opponent of Moses.
  • Qasim - son of Muhammad. Died as an infant.
  • Queen of Saba/Sabah/Sheba - according to Arab folklore named Bilqis.
  • Rabbis - Jewish priests.
  • abu Rafi. Chief of the Jewish town Khaybar. Murdered by Muhammad.

>>   Part  38

  • Ramses II, pharaoh of Egypt.

  • Rayhana bint Amr (or bint Zaid) - raped by Muhammad and later his concubine.
  • Reuben - half-brother of Joseph. Not named in the Quran.
  • Ruqayya - daughter of Muhammad.
  • Sad ibn abu Waqqas.

>>   Part  39

  • Sad ibn Muadh.

  • Safiyya bint Huayay - raped by Muhammad and later one of his long time wives.
  • Safwan ibn Umayya. Clan leader in the Arab tribe Quraysh. Originally strong opponent of Muhammad.
  • Salih - second of the 3 claimed prophets of the old Arabia.
  • Sabeans - people of Saba/Sabah/Sheba.

>>   Part  40

  • Saints.
  • Samarians - Samaria/Samarians did not exist at the time of Moses.
  • Samiri, the - a claimed Samarian opposing Moses.
  • Samuel - Jewish prophet. Not named in the Quran.
  • Sarah - 1. wife of Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
  • Satan - the Devil/Iblis.
  • Sauda bint Zamah. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
  • Saul - Talut in the Quran. The first Jewish king.
  • 7 Sleepers - borrowed from a Christian made up legend.

>>   Part  41

  • Shu'ayb - third of the claimed 3 prophets of old Arabia.
  • Skeptics.
  • Slanderers

>>   Part  42

  • Slaves

>>   Part  43

  • Solomon.
  • Sorcerers.
  • Soul - the eternal one.
  • Spirit - the holy one.
  • Spirits.
  • (abu) Sufyan. Strong opponent of Muhammad, but became Muslim around 630 AD.

>>   Part  44

  • Suwa - pagan god from the old Arabia.
  • Tahir - perhaps son of Muhammad.
  • abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and foster father after his grandfather died
  • .
  • Talut - see Saul.
  • Tayyab - perhaps son of Muhammad.
  • Thamud.
  • Those who received scriptures. Jews, Christians, and Sabeans.
  • Time anomaly - in our books = information in claimed copies of the "Mother Book" before it happened.
  • Terah - father of Abraham. Azar in the Quran.
  • Trinity

>>   Part  45

  • Tubba - old kingdom and king. Borrowed from Arab folklore.
  • Twelve, the - the 12 disciples of Jesus.
  • Twelve (Jewish) tribes.
  • Ummaya ibn Khalaf. Opponent of Muhammad. Executed by Muhammad after the battle of Badr.254. Umm Habibe (real name Ramla bint abu Safyan).
  • Umm Kulthum - daughter of Muhammad.
  • Umm Salama. Muhammad's 4. wife.
  • Unknown ones.
  • Uriah - husband of Bathsheba, mistress of David and mother of Solomon. Not mentioned in the Quran.
  • Usayr - the Quran's name for Ezra.

>>   Part  46

  • Utbah ibn Rabiah. Clan chief in the Quraysh tribe.
  • Utman ibn Affen. Close co-worker to Muhammad. 3. caliph (644 - 656 AD).
  • al-Uzza - one of the 3 main goddesses of the old Arabia. The others were al-Lat and Manat.
  • Wadd - old Arab pagan god.
  • Waraqa ibn Naufal. If he existed may be was a Christian. Claimed witness for Muhammad being prophet.
  • Washi.
  • Wife of Adam - see Eve.
  • Wife of the Azis/Potiphar.
  • Wife of the Pharaoh (Horemheb)
  • Women

>>   Part  47

  • Wrongdoers - mainly non-Muslims.
  • Xerxes I.

  • Yaghuth - old pagan Arab god.
  • Ya'uq - old pagan Arab god.
  • Yahya - the Quran's name for John the Baptist.
  • Youths - servants in the Quran's paradise.
  • Zakariyya - father of John the Baptist.
  • Zaid ibn Haritha - freed slave and Muhammad's adopted son.
  • Zainab bint Jahsh - wife of Zaid and later of Muhammad.
  • Zainab bint Muhammad - daughter of Muhammad.

>>   Part  48

  • Zerubbabel - not named in the Quran, but led the return of the Jews from Babylon to Jerusalem.
  • Zoroastrians - the main religion in the old Persia. Not named in the Quran.
  • al-Zubayribn al-Awwam. Early and strong follower of Muhammad.


This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".