in or Relevant to the Quran
>> Part 1
- Aaron (brother of Moses).
- Abdullah - son of Muhammad. He died as an infant.
- (al-)Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Uncle of Muhammad and founder of the Abbasid dynasty.
- Abbasids. Ruling dynasty from 750 to 1258 AD. 6. Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib. The father of Muhammad.
- Abdullah ibn Jahsh. Muslim leader, brother of Muhammad's wife Zaynab.
- Abdullah ibn Ubayy. A mighty man in Mecca.
- Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim. Muhammad's grandfather.
- Abel (son of Adam and brother of Cain) - not named in the Quran.
- Abyssinians and Abyssinia.
>> Part 2
- 'Ad - an old Arab tribe according to legends and to the Quran.
- Aisha - Muhammad's child wife.
- Alexander the Great/Dhu'l Quarnayn - king of Macedonia, Greece and more.
- Ali ibn abu Talib. Married to Muhammad's daughter Fatima. 4. caliph.
>> Part 3
- Allah - see our Book J.
- Amat - title of Yahweh's (and Allah's?) wife(!) according to extremely old Hebrew religion.
- Amina. Muhammad's mother.
- Anna (or Hannah?) - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary, mother of Jesus.
>> Part 4
- Ansars. "Helpers" in Medina.
>> Part 5
- (abu al-)As. Nephew of Khadiyya and married to Muhammad's(?) daughter Zaynab.
- Azar - father of Abraham (Terah in the Bible).
- Azis (Potiphar in the Bible).
- Ba'l, Ba`al or Baal - name for a (or really more than one) god in the region.
>> Part 6
- Aws - see Banu Aws.
- Bahira. Claimed to be a Christian prophesying Muhammad's greatness.
- Abu Bakr. Muhammad's closest co-worker and father of Muhammad's child wife Aishah.
- Ba'l (OR Baal OR Ba'al)
- Banu Aws. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
- Banu Ghatafan. Arab tribe(s) north-east from Mecca.
- Banu Hawazin. A mighty Arab tribe near the town of Taif.
- Banu Khazraj. One of the 2 Arab tribes in Medina.
- Banu Khuza'a. Arab tribe near the coast between Mecca and Medina.
- Banu Mustaliq. Sub tribe of the Arab Khuza'a tribe. Refused Muhammad until forced to accept him.
>> Part 7
- Banu Nadir - one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
- Banu Qaynuqa - another one of the 3 Jewish tribes in Medina.
- Banu Quraysh - the leading Arab tribe in Mecca.
- Banu Qurayzah - the 3. Jewish tribe in Medina.
- Banu Sulaim. Large Arab tribe east of Medina.
- Banu Thaqif. The Arab tribe in and around the town Taif, south-east from Mecca.
- Bathsheba (not named in the Quran) - married to Uris, mistress of David, and mother of Solomon.
- Benjamin - younger brother of Joseph, son of Jacob.
- Bilal. Freed slave. The first caller to prayers.
- 52. Bilqis (according to Arab tradition the name of the Queen of Sheba - not named in the Quran).
>> Part 8
- Buraq - Muhammad's riding animal during the claimed Night Journey. Not mentioned in the Quran.
- Cain - son of Adam. Killed his brother Abel.
- Caleb - spy for Moses. Not named in the Quran.
- Canaanites - the inhabitants of Canaan. Not named in the Quran.
- Children of Adam - mankind.
- Children of Israel (= of Jacob) - Jews.
- Christ (a title for Jesus) - also see our Book P.
- "Companions of the Ark" - Noah's followers.
>> Part 9
- "Companions of the Cave" - the 7 sleepers.
>> Part 10
- "Companions of the City".
- "Companions of the Elephant" - army wanting to attack Mecca around 570 AD.
- "Companions of the Fire (Hell*)" - non-Muslims.
- "Companions of the Garden (Paradise)" - Muslims.
- "Companions of the Left Hand" - non-Muslims.
- "Companions of the Rass".
- "Companions of the Right Hand" - Muslims.
- "Companions of the Righteous" - Muslims.
>> Part 11
- "Companions of the Wood".
- Daniel - not named in the Quran.
- David - the greatest king of the old Jews.
- Desert Arabs.
- Devil, the/Iblis.
- Dhu'l Quarnayn - an Arab name for Alexander the Great.
- Dhu'n Nun - Jonah, the Jewish prophet claimed swallowed by a fish.
>> Part 12
- Different topics.
- Disciples of Jesus.
- Doers of good.
>> Part 13
- Elias - likely the Jewish prophet Elijah.
- Elijah - Jewish prophet.
- Elisha - Jewish prophet.
- Enoch - great great grandson of Adam.
>> Part 14
- Evil spirits.
- Eve - the wife of Adam. Not named in the Quran, but the name Hawwa sometimes used in Islam.
- Exodus - the Jews leaving Egypt after 430 years mostly as slaves.
- Ezra - Jewish priest, scholar, prophet, and rebuilder of the Temple of Jerusalem.
- "Father of Flames".
>> Part 15
- Fatima - Daughter of Muhammad.
- Gabriel - angel (arch angel according to the Bible).
- (al-)Ghazali - a central later Muslim scholar.
- Gideon - not mentioned by name in the Quran, but likely mixed up with Saul/Talut.
>> Part 16
- Gog (and Magog) - in the Quran 2 wild tribes, in the Bible a ruler and his country.
- Hafsa. Daughter of Omar and one of Muhammad's wives.
- Hagar - slave of Sarah and mother of Ishmael.
- Hamzah ibn Abdul-Mutalib. One of Muhammad's uncles.
- Handsome youths
- Hannah or perhaps Anna - perhaps the name of the mother of Mary.
- Harun. The Arab name of Aaron, brother of Moses.
- Harut (and Marut).
- Hassan ibn Thabit. Muhammad's court poet.
>> Part 17
- Herod - King of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus' birth.
- Hind bint Utbah.
- The Holy Spirit.
- Houris - Sex slaves in Islam's Paradise.
>> Part 18
- Hud - first of the 3 claimed prophets of old Arabia.
- Iblis/the Devil.
>> Part 19
- Ibrahim - son of Muhammad and the slave Marieh. He died as an infant.
- Ifritt - a supernatural being according to the Quran.
- Il - the oldest known name of al-Ilah (the name of Allah when he became the moon god of Arabia).
- Ilah (al-Ilah) - moon god of Arabia.
- Imam - leader of common prayers and often a low level Muslim religious leader.
>> Part 20
- Isa - Islam's (wrong) name for Jesus.
- Isaac - the second of the 3 Jewish patriarchs.
- Ishmael - Isaac’s older half-brother. Muhammad claimed Ishmael was the forefather of the Arabs.
>> Part 21
- Jafar ibn abu Talib. Brother of Ali ibn abu Talib.
- abu Jahl. One of the leaders in the Quraysh tribe, and a strong opponent of Muhammad.
- Jethro - father-in-law of Moses. Not named in the Quran.
- Jesus/Christ - see our Book N.
- Jewish prophets.
>> Part 22
- Jews in the Quran.
>> Part 23
- Jinns - a group of supernatural beings in the Quran (borrowed from pagan Arab religion and legends).
- John the Baptist.
>> Part 24
- Joseph - father of Jesus.
- Joseph - son of Jacob. Sold to Egypt by his brothers.
- Joseph's brothers.
- Joshua ben Nun - spy for Moses and leader of the Jews after Moses' death. Not named in the Quran.
- Judah - son of Jacob.
- Juwayriyya. Daughter of the chief of the Arab Mustaliq tribe. Muhammad's wife after taken prisoner.
- Kab ibn Asad. Chief of the Jewish Qurayzah tribe in Medina.
- Kab ibn ai-Ashraf. Poet and chief of the Jewish Nadir tribe in Mecca. Murdered by Muhammad.
- Keturah - Abraham's second wife. Not mentioned in the Quran.
- Khadija - 1. wife of Muhammad (a rich, 15 years older widow).
>> Part 25
- Khalid ibn al-Walid. A military leader in Mecca. Became Muslim after Islam became strong .
- al-Khidr (= the Green One). Claimed travel mate of Moses in the Quran, but not named there.
- al-Lah/Allah. See our Book J.
- abu Lahab ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and a strong opponent of him.
- al-Lat - female main god in old Arab religion.
- Lut - nephew of Abraham. In the Bible his name is Lot.
- Luqman - wise man in old Arab folklore and fairy tales. Claimed to be a real person by the Quran.
>> Part 26
- Magicians of Pharaoh Ramses II.
- Magog (of Gog and Magog). See Gog.
- Malik ibn Auf al-Nastri. Chief for the Arab Hawazin tribe.
- Manat - one of the 3 main female gods in the old Arab religion. The others were al-Lat and al-Uzza.
- Mankind - the relationship to Allah.
- Marut (of Harut and Marut). See Harut.
- Mary - mother of Jesus.
- Mary's father.
- Mary's mother.
- Maymunah bint al-Harith. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
- Men of the caravan who bought Joseph, son of Jacob.
>> Part 27
- Merneptah - slightly possible to be the pharaoh of Exodus (instead of Ramses II). Not named in the Quran.
- Messenger - Muhammad's alternative title to "prophet".
- Midianites - descendants of Midian, 6. son of Abraham (not named in the Quran), or from Midian.
- Miriam - sister of Moses.
- Moral code - glimpses of it.
>> Part 28
>> Part 29
- "Mother of the Book, the" ("the mother of the Quran") - The claimed original Quran in Allah's Heaven.
- Mother of Jesus - see Mary.
- Mother of Moses.
>> Part 30
- Muhammad (See our Book K: "Muhammad in the Quran")
- Mullah - Muslim scholars and often religious leaders. Also see "imam".
- Musaylima. "Prophet" and competitor to Muhammad.
>> Part 31
- al-Nadr ibn al-Harit. Strong opponent of Muhammad in Mecca. Executed by Muhammad in 624 AD.
- Nathan - old Jewish prophet.
- Nasr - pagan god in old Arabia.
- Nimrod - great grandson of Noah. His fire should burn Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
>> Part 32
>> Part 33
- Omar (or Umar) ibn al-Khattab. Early and close follower of Muhammad. Caliph 634 - 644 AD.
- Orphans (children?).
- Other gods than Allah.
>> Part 34
- Pagans, Paganism
>> Part 35
- People murdered by Muhammad.
- People of the Book (Jews, Christians, and Sabeans).
- People of Midian/Madyan (or perhaps descendants of Midian, Abraham's 6. son).
- People of the Pharaoh - people of Ramses II.
- People of the Rass - borrowed from old Arab legends.
>> Part 36
- People of the Rocky Tract - borrowed from old Arab legends.
- People of Saba - see Sabeans.
- People of Thamud.
- People of the Wood - borrowed from old Arab legends.
- Prophets - included non-Jewish ones.
- Punishment in the grave.
>> Part 37
- Qarun - claimed opponent of Moses.
- Qasim - son of Muhammad. Died as an infant.
- Queen of Saba/Sabah/Sheba - according to Arab folklore named Bilqis.
- Rabbis - Jewish priests.
- abu Rafi. Chief of the Jewish town Khaybar. Murdered by Muhammad.
>> Part 38
- Ramses II, pharaoh of Egypt.
- Rayhana bint Amr (or bint Zaid) - raped by Muhammad and later his concubine.
- Reuben - half-brother of Joseph. Not named in the Quran.
- Ruqayya - daughter of Muhammad.
- Sad ibn abu Waqqas.
>> Part 39
- Sad ibn Muadh.
- Safiyya bint Huayay - raped by Muhammad and later one of his long time wives.
- Safwan ibn Umayya. Clan leader in the Arab tribe Quraysh. Originally strong opponent of Muhammad.
- Salih - second of the 3 claimed prophets of the old Arabia.
- Sabeans - people of Saba/Sabah/Sheba.
>> Part 40
- Samarians - Samaria/Samarians did not exist at the time of Moses.
- Samiri, the - a claimed Samarian opposing Moses.
- Samuel - Jewish prophet. Not named in the Quran.
- Sarah - 1. wife of Abraham. Not named in the Quran.
- Satan - the Devil/Iblis.
- Sauda bint Zamah. One of Muhammad's long time wives.
- Saul - Talut in the Quran. The first Jewish king.
- 7 Sleepers - borrowed from a Christian made up legend.
>> Part 41
- Shu'ayb - third of the claimed 3 prophets of old Arabia.
>> Part 42
>> Part 43
- Soul - the eternal one.
- Spirit - the holy one.
- (abu) Sufyan. Strong opponent of Muhammad, but became Muslim around 630 AD.
>> Part 44
- Suwa - pagan god from the old Arabia.
- Tahir - perhaps son of Muhammad.
- abu Talib ibn Abdul-Muttalib. Muhammad's uncle and foster father after his grandfather died .
- Talut - see Saul.
- Tayyab - perhaps son of Muhammad.
- Those who received scriptures. Jews, Christians, and Sabeans.
- Time anomaly - in our books = information in claimed copies of the "Mother Book" before it happened.
- Terah - father of Abraham. Azar in the Quran.
>> Part 45
- Tubba - old kingdom and king. Borrowed from Arab folklore.
- Twelve, the - the 12 disciples of Jesus.
- Twelve (Jewish) tribes.
- Ummaya ibn Khalaf. Opponent of Muhammad. Executed by Muhammad after the battle of Badr. 254. Umm Habibe (real name Ramla bint abu Safyan).
- Umm Kulthum - daughter of Muhammad.
- Umm Salama. Muhammad's 4. wife.
- Unknown ones.
- Uriah - husband of Bathsheba, mistress of David and mother of Solomon. Not mentioned in the Quran.
- Usayr - the Quran's name for Ezra.
>> Part 46
- Utbah ibn Rabiah. Clan chief in the Quraysh tribe.
- Utman ibn Affen. Close co-worker to Muhammad. 3. caliph (644 - 656 AD).
- al-Uzza - one of the 3 main goddesses of the old Arabia. The others were al-Lat and Manat.
- Wadd - old Arab pagan god.
- Waraqa ibn Naufal. If he existed may be was a Christian. Claimed witness for Muhammad being prophet.
- Wife of Adam - see Eve.
- Wife of the Azis/Potiphar.
- Wife of the Pharaoh (Horemheb)
>> Part 47
- Wrongdoers - mainly non-Muslims.
- Xerxes I.
- Yaghuth - old pagan Arab god.
- Ya'uq - old pagan Arab god.
- Yahya - the Quran's name for John the Baptist.
- Youths - servants in the Quran's paradise.
- Zakariyya - father of John the Baptist.
- Zaid ibn Haritha - freed slave and Muhammad's adopted son.
- Zainab bint Jahsh - wife of Zaid and later of Muhammad.
- Zainab bint Muhammad - daughter of Muhammad.
>> Part 48
- Zerubbabel - not named in the Quran, but led the return of the Jews from Babylon to Jerusalem.
- Zoroastrians - the main religion in the old Persia. Not named in the Quran.
- al-Zubayribn al-Awwam. Early and strong follower of Muhammad.
This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".