Muhammad in the Quran : Introduction
15 Dec. 2015
MUHAMMAD IN THE QURAN
POINTS AND VERSES LISTED ACCORDING TO THEMES
Book K -- in the "1000+ Mistakes in the Quran" series -- in 4 volumes.
### 23/1d: (A23/11): “- - - a Quranic allusion to the fact that people often reject a new ethical proposition on no better grounds than that it conflicts with their “inherited” habits of thoughts and ways of life. Indirectly, this allusion implies a condemnation of all blind "taqlid", i.e. an unthinking acceptance of religious doctrines or assertions which are not unequivocally supported by divine revelations, the explicit teachings of a prophet, or the evidence of the unprejudiced reason”.
### But the book skips the fact that this also goes for Muslims, especially as the Quran with all its errors is no revelation from any god: If they are strongly indoctrinated, they may react strongly to arguments and facts they do not like, and without thinking over – or being mentally able to think over – even true facts.
- ### Science: "One has to be extremely naive or brainwashed not to consider the fact that a man who had a moral code which accepted and in some cases even promoted the use of dishonesty as working tools, and a man who wanted respect and power and women, not also could deceive his followers a little - or more."
- Maxime Rodinson: "It needs the faith of Muslims to be able to continue to see in them (the texts of the Quran*) an unparalleled work of universal rhetoric whose very perfection is enough to demonstrate its divine origin."
- (Really, judged as literature, the Quran is low quality - repetitions, repetitions, repetitions, hundreds of wrong facts, hundreds of other errors, hundreds of contradictions, lots of invalid logic, etc., plus hopelessly composed, and very often hopelessly unclear. It does not help that there are 14 cannonized, 6 good, and 4accepted versions (though only 6 in daily use today, and only 2 of them much used - the version of Asim from Kufa after Hafs in most of the world, and the one of Nafi from Mecca after Warsh in large parts of Africa). The only good part is the use of the Arab language - likely because it was polished for some 250 years (from ca. 650 AD to ca. 900 AD) by the best brains in Islam. (One may counter that also our books have many repetitions. The two main reasons are that for one thing when the Quran repeats and repeats, we have to do the same to comment on the points in the texts, and for the other tat ours are encyclopedia style books, and then we often have to repeat relevant points different places, so that the readers do not have to search too many places to find what is relevant to the point he is looking for.)
- But the main point just here is that Islam confirms that this effect and "taqlid" exists. But they "forget" the point that "unequivocally supported divine revelations" does not exist unless proved, or at least are not unequivocally reliable unless proved - and definitely not reliable when there are lots and lots of proofs for that things are very wrong in presumed "holy" book and its religion. And without 100% reliable divine revelations, what a claimed and self-proclaimed prophet or "prophet", or reason working from such not a reliable book, at least as unreliable as the book itself. Indirectly, but clearly Islam thus here confirm that this human weakness also covers the Muslims: The huge majority of the Muslims believe in the Quran and in Muhammad only or mainly because their fathers and surroundings have told them that the Quran must be the truth, because so their fathers again told that their grandfathers said, and then it must be the truth! "Taqlid" simply.
Another point: At least parts of the Quran was not written in standard Arab, but in the old local dialect used in Mecca and Yathrib/Medina. This old dialect naturally is notably different from modern Arab - just like the local Parisian French of 600 AD is different from today's standard French. One more reason for that the claim that today's Quran is the exact words of Allah/Muhammad is not correct.
(Remember that our lists are not complete. In some cases we even only use some samples to show you what to look for, though in other cases we are more comprehensive. Read the Quran with your brain and knowledge engaged, and you will find more - sometimes much more.)
- Some general points
- Some things to be especially aware of concerning Muhammad.
Section I: UNBELIEVABLE
- Chapter 1: Do you weep or laugh from these?
(Remember that the different chapters or verses in reality may be relevant under more than one headline.
- Chapter 2: Some points about Muhammad
- Chapter 3: Temporal Lobe Epilepsy - TLE - Muhammad's illness?
- Chapter 4: Personal problems/woman problems handled in the holy(?) book
- Chapter 5: Muhammad and family problems
- Chapter 6: Muhammad's Women
- Chapter 7: Muhammad was just?
- Chapter 8: Muhammad similar to the old prophets?
Section III: MUHAMMAD THE POLITICIAN
(Remember that the different chapters or verses in reality may be relevant under more than one headline.)
- Chapter 9: Muhammad an ordinary man only - neither holy, nor with supernatural power
- Chapter 10: Muhammad wanted respect
- Chapter 11: The most respect inducing deeds according to Muhammad - practiced also by him
- Chapter 12: #Muhammad wanted power
- Chapter 13: ##Muhammad wanted riches: Loot for Muhammad
- Chapter 14: Some debate techniques used by Muhammad
- Chapter 15: ####Stealing/looting, extortion, slave taking, and rape - "lawful and good"
- Chapter 16: Dishonesty, an integrated part of Muhammad's Quran
- Chapter 17: Was it Muhammad who "perfected" Islam?
- Chapter 18: Non-Muslims = enemies of Muslims - the making of an enemy picture.
- Chapter 19: ###MUHAMMAD LYING IN THE QURAN###. (Also see ch. 16 and 58)
- Chapter 20: Slander from Muhammad (Also see ch. 19 and 21)
- Chapter 21: Name throwing from Muhammad (Also see ch. 18 and 20)
- Chapter 22: Discrimination/discrediting of non-Muslims
- Chapter 23: Muhammad instructing wisdom/knowledge?
- Chapter 24: Muhammad a mercy?
- Chapter 25: Muhammad and children
- Chapter 26: Indoctrination.
- Chapter 27: *Taqlid - unquestioning belief because your father said it was the truth.
- Chapter 28: Jihad - "holy" war
- Chapter 29: Ghazw(a) - "Holy Battle"
Section IV: MUHAMMAD THE RELIGIOUS LEADER
(Remember that the different chapters or verses in reality may be relevant under more than one headline.)
- Chapter 30: Muhammad a maker of miracles?
- Chapter 31: Muhammad got the Quran(?)
- Chapter 32: Muhammad (and angels) speaking in the Quran
- Chapter 33: ##Muhammad mentioned in the Bible?
- Chapter 34: ##Muhammad in the Bible according to the Quran(!)?
- Chapter 35: Clear signs about Muhammad?
- Chapter 36: Believe in Muhammad
- Chapter 37: Muhammad and the Quran both need additional proofs to be believed
- Chapter 38: Muhammad had contact with/from Allah?
- Chapter 39: Muhammad "the Messenger"
- Chapter 40: Muhammad "the prophet"(?)
- Chapter 41: Muhammad the warner
- Chapter 42: Muhammad seducing people
- Chapter 43: Guidance from Allah via Muhammad
- Chapter 44: Guidance from Muhammad
- Chapter 45: Proselyting by Muhammad
Section V: MUHAMMAD THE ROBBER BARON/WARLORD "PROPHET
(Remember that the different chapters or verses in reality may be relevant under more than one headline.)
- Chapter 46: Mantras for Muhammad's platform of power
- Chapter 47: Muhammad's platform of power
- Chapter 48: # Obey Muhammad (and Allah)
- Chapter 49: Muhammad - guide or enforcer?
- Chapter 50: Muhammad - the enforcer
- Chapter 51: Muhammad - dictator and eastern potentate
- Chapter 52: Muhammad stealing: Loot for Muhammad (aka Allah). See chapter------------
- Chapter 53: ####Stealing/looting, raping, etc. etc. "lawful and good"
- Chapter 54: "The carrot and the stick"
- Chapter 55: Break oaths
Section VI: MUHAMMAD AND ARGUMENTS HE USED
- Chapter 56: Fast talk
- Chapter 57: Flattery
- Chapter 58: Dishonesty and Muhammad's use of it
- Chapter 59: Muhammad breaking/disusing words/oaths in the Quran
- Chapter 60: Muhammad: Inspiration. Bible: Vision, dream, direct talk
- Chapter 61: Rules for breaking/disuse of words/promises/oaths in the Quran
- Chapter 62: Pep talk
- Chapter 63: Persevere - an expression non-Muslims should never forget
- Chapter 64: Psychology
- Chapter 65: Propaganda in the Quran
- Chapter 66: #### Where are the stories in the Quran from?
- Chapter 67: Claims about telling the truth
- Chapter 68: Claims about "glad tiding"
- Chapter 69: "The intelligent/wise ones believe in Allah and Muhammad"
- Chapter 70: Claims about inspiration from Allah
- Chapter 71: Claims about Muhammad being a witness for Allah
- Chapter 72: The value of witnesses/proofs
- Chapter 73: "The Days of Ignorance"
- Chapter 74: Bad foretelling about non-Muslims
- Chapter 75: Bad names and characteristics for non-Muslims
- Chapter 76: Claims that non-Muslims had sold the "real" religion
- Chapter 77: Knowledge
- Chapter 78: Sell faith
Section VII: MUHAMMAD AND PREDESTINATION, FREE WILL FOR MAN, ETC.
- Chapter 79: Predestination
- Chapter 80: Predestination, its basis in the Quran
- Chapter 81: Predestination - some of its obvious and logical effects
- Chapter 82: Predestination - effect on the claimed free will for man >
- Chapter 83: Free will for man
Section VIII: MUHAMMAD AND MORAL POINTS IN HIS RELIGION AND HIS WORDS AND DEEDS
- Chapter 84: Charity
- Chapter 85: Positive points in Muhammad's teaching
- Chapter 86: Forgiving
- Chapter 87: Reliability
- Chapter 88: Muhammad lying in the Quran. (see Chapter 19)
- Chapter 89: The Quran's and Muhammad's - and Islam's - moral code
- Chapter 90: Incitement to war. Also see Chapter 27 and separate book
- Chapter 91: Muhammad and children
Section IX: MUHAMMAD, MISCELLANEOUS
- Chapter 92: Muhammad a witness?
- Chapter 93: #No miracles or foretelling possible for Muhammad.
- Chapter 94: Muhammad servant of Allah?
- Chapter 95: Muhammad - miscellaneous
- Chapter 96: Some of Muhammad's many names
2. Some general points
1. Book F is the "mother book" for this book. There will be references below you will not find in this book, but you will find them in Book F. The central books in this series are Book A, Book F, Booklet 2, Booklet 9, and perhaps Booklets 4 and 7. The second line are Book B, Book E, Book F, Book J, Book K, and the rest of the Booklets. The others are extra information. But note that the ones in "second line" and "extra information" mostly are either arranged by theme or alphabetically, so that they may be easier to use if you need full information about what is said in the book about a topic. Book F and partly Book A are arranged according to surahs and verses in the Quran.
2. The word "apocryphal" covers stories of many grades of reliability - from likely true to the totally unreliable. When we use the word, we always and without exception refer to the made up ones, if we do not say anything else. The main reason is that the absolute majority of apocryphal stories are made up ones (f.x. Islam has made up many to make the Mosaic and the Christian religion look like it "really" have originated from Allah, the Quran (or really the claimed "Mother of the Book" in Heaven - they f.x. made lots in Spain during the 800s.), and from the claimed "original religion", Islam.
3. On the net it is said that our Book A, "1000+ Mistakes in the Quran", is the most dangerous book Islam ever met. Our Book F, "1000+ Comments on the Quran", may be a good number 2.
4. It also is said that nobody should decide become - or stay - a Muslim until after he/she has read at least Book A and preferably also Book F.
5. Islam tells that most religious people believe in their religion because of "taqlid" = because they have been and are told by their fathers and surroundings that this is the truth and the only truth. They forget(?) that this also is the fact for most Muslims.
6. Religious persons who are "sure" they are right, even if it only is from belief and not from proved facts, may react strongly - even with anger - when they meet opposition or opposing information/facts, especially if they themselves do not have good arguments to meet the opposing information/facts. You often meet this from Muslims.
7. It is typical for strong believers in an ideology - included in religions - that they often do not believe because of proved facts, but because of (often indoctrinated and often irrational) belief and claims. It also is typical for them that they are so sure they are right, that they dismiss - often out of hand and without even checking - any facts or proofs indicating, showing, or even proving that they are wrong. This also definitely goes for Muslims.
8. It also is typical for strong believers that they believe not because of proved facts, but often in spite of their belief or religion is proved wrong. This also definitely goes for Muslims.
9. Occam's Broom (the same Occam as the one with the razor): "The intellectual dishonest trick of ignoring facts that refute your argument in the hope that your audience won't notice". (New Scientist 21.Sept. 2013.) This trick is frequently used by Muhammad, by Islam, and by Muslims claiming that the Quran's texts and Islam are right - just use your ears and/or eyes, and brain, and you will find lots and lots of samples, f.x. in some of Muhammad's lies in the Quran.
10. Graham Lawton: "'Surely' (etc.*) and rhetorical questions (or statements*) - whenever you encounter these in a text, stop and think. The author usually wants you to skate over them as if the claim is so obvious as to be beyond doubt, or the answer self-evident. The opposite is often the case." Try to count such cases in the Quran - they are MANY. Especially the never proved claim "the Truth" and similar are very often used - f.x. words like: "Without doubt", "certain", "verily", "clear", "right", "fact", "wrong", "sign", "proof" (even modern Muslims disuse this word often), "self evident", and more. + there are many rhetorical questions in the Quran.
11. Daniel Kahneman (2002 Nobel Prize winner for research on psychological biases that distort rational decision-making - New Scientist 14. Aug. 2014, p. 24)): "An assimilation bias (is a bias*) that bends information to fit people's existing values and prejudices". You find much of assimilation biases in the Quran, in Islam, and among Muslims, all based on the wish to make the Quran seem true - or on the belief that it is true.
12. Science: "You need a Muslim's belief to be able to believe that the quality of the texts in the Quran prove a divine origin ('taqlid' - blind and unquestioning belief*)".
Try to count such cases like in our no. 9-12, in the Quran - they are MANY. Especially the never proved claim "the Truth" and similar are very often used. Samples: "Without doubt", "certain", "verily", "clear", "right", "fact", "wrong", "sign", "proof" (even modern Muslims disuse this word often), "term appointed", "predestined", "If Allah wanted - - -", "non-Muslims are bad, Muslims are good", "error", "wisdom", and more.
#######Like said these rhetorical ways of dishonesty are used very many places in the Quran - we have not counted, but hundreds. Each of them may be a hidden lie - is a lie if the orator knows his point is a claim or bluff or worse, and not a proved or proveable fact. And according to the Quran what is said in the Quran, is said by Allah.
Who needs such tricks? - the cheat and deceiver, the swindler and the charlatan.
13. Who needs tricks like in points 8 and 9? And who needs the use of al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit and other forms of dishonesty in words or deeds like Muhammad accepted and used? - the one without real arguments and real facts, and the cheat and deceiver, the swindler and the charlatan.
14. Is it possible for humans to know better than an omniscient god what the god "really" wants to say? And is it possible for humans to then explain things better and clearer than an omniscient god? - what the clumsy god "really" means and "really" tries to say? This is the logic behind many "explanations" from Islam and from Muslims.
15. The ways Islam and Muslims most frequently use for fleeing from facts and arguments they cannot answer or do not like are:
- A: "You just are a Muslim hater, (and therefore I do not have to think over or check what you say)". But most non-Muslims do not squander energy on hating Islam. They may be incredulous on Muslims' ability to see only what they want to see, their ability to "explain" away all facts and points they do not want to see, and disgusted by Islam's and the Quran's brutality and acceptance of dishonesty and blood, but the large majority do not bother to hate Islam.
- B: "You just are a Jew lover, (and therefore I do not have to think over or check what you say)". There are many who far from love the Jews, and all the same question f.x. all the wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, etc. in the Quran.
- C: "You cannot understand the meaning of a verse or something in the Quran, unless you know the entire surah (or the entire Quran)". For one thing this mostly is nonsense: There are points where the context may give a word, an expression, or a verse a special meaning, but mostly the fact is that if you are not able to read what a word, an expression, or a verse means, you are too dull or uneducated and should stay out of debates. (But it is an efficient argument, because most people do not know the Quran well enough to know if the claim is true or not. It mostly is not.) For another Islam and Muslims far from use such a rule themselves when discussing f.x. the Bible - cfr. f.x. their cherry-picking and disuse of the word "brother" in 5. Mos. 18/15 and 18/18 where they use only the single word "brother" and state that this means "Arabs", in spite of that the context strongly shows that Moses spoke about Jews (and also in 18/21 warned against false prophets).
- D: "This and this text with errors in the Quran, are not errors, but allegories, parables, etc." This in spite of that the Quran MANY places and in many ways tells that the claimed omniscient god has explained everything exactly and in detail so that it is easy to understand = to be understood literally where nothing else is clearly indicated - and that the search for hidden meanings where such are not indicated, only is "for the ones sick of heart" + that the possible hidden meanings only are for Allah to understand. All the same they pretend that they know better than Allah what he "really" wanted to tell, and that they are better at explaining things than the omniscient Allah.
- E: "You cannot understand the Quran properly unless you read it in Arab". One word: Nonsense - but an efficient pseudo-argument because most people do not know enough about such things to know if it may be true. But for one thing linguists tell that Arab just is a medium difficult language to translate. For another Arab around 650 AD was the language of primitive nomad tribes mainly, and far from an advanced and refined difficult language.
- F: "Arab has special words you only have in Arab". This goes for absolute every language. All it takes to solve this problem - in any language - is to have those words explained. Such Arab words relevant to the Quran are not too many.
A fact: "What one brain is able to express and explain, another brain of similar quality and education is able to understand". What a Muslim is able to express and explain, a non-Muslim of similar intelligence is able to understand - and often understand if it is right or wrong. This even more so as many a non-Muslim is better educated than many a Muslim.
16. ####Explanation or "explanation" of a few errors in a "holy" might be understandable. But how is it possible to accept long series of wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, etc. in a book pretending to come from an omniscient god, without asking questions? - in a book the god even claims is plain and easy to understand = to be understood literally, and hidden meanings just are for "the sick of heart"?
17. Personally we have learnt much about human nature by witnessing Islam's and Muslims' ability to see only what they want to see, their ability to accept even the most far out "explanations", included dishonesty, trying to make errors, contradictions, etc. "correct facts" in the Quran, their ability to flee from any fact or argument they dislike or are able to meet, and not least their ability to flee instead of thinking over that non-Muslims may be as well-educated and well-informed as Muslims, and check what is true or not, instead of using blind belief in what their fathers have told - "taqlid".
18. The Bible is written by humans - and humans may make mistakes (there are some f.x. in Genesis). The Quran claims to be from an omniscient god. Omniscient gods do not make errors or contradictions. If there are errors or contradictions in the Quran, the book thus is not from a god. What then is Islam in case?
19. If there is a next life, and if there somewhere is a real god - f.x. Yahweh - they have been prevented from looking for, where will Muslims end if the Quran is a made up book? - and all the errors, etc. at least prove it is from no god.
20. If the Quran is not from a god - and all the wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, etc. denies that any god delivered the book - Islam is a made up religion.
21. It is easy to check if our quotes and points are correct. Before a Muslim flees from them, he/she should check them, instead of fleeing into "taqlid", because if our points - even only some of them - are right, the Quran is not from a god, and what is then Islam? - it is not the Truth unless it is true.
"Love your enemies, because they tell you your mistakes". Benjamin Franklin.
1. You will find quite a number of repetitions in our book. The reason simply is that the Quran is full of repetition, and consequently we often have to repeat our comments, and also because our books are of the encyclopedia style, so that it is necessary to repeat points different places in order that the readers do not have to search too many places to find what they need.
2. When we refer to another point in our books, you normally have to go to a book or part of a book where our comments are listed in accordance with the way the verses are found in the Quran. Our Book F is most complete in this way, followed by our Book A.
3. The Quran claims it is an exact copy of "The Mother of the Book" (= "The Mother of the Quran") - a book revered by Allah and his angels in Heaven. It further claims to be an exact copy of this "Mother of the Book", and also claims it has been sent down to prophets and messengers through the entire history of man. As all of them are copies of the same "Mother of the Book", they must be more or less identical, even if it tells that there are differences through the time.
4. With "time anomalies" we in our books mean persons, happenings, etc. which then - as the books are similar to the Quran - have been written in the older copies to older prophets, etc. before things written in the book, took place. According to the Quran, f.x. Noah received a copy - - - and would understand very little from what was referred to by Moses or Jesus or Muhammad.
5. Remember here that Homo Sapiens is some 160ooo-200ooo years old, Homo Neanderthals and the Denisovans are both some 400ooo years old, our forefathers Homo Erectus some 1.5 million and Homo Habilis some 2.7 million years old. But: The oldest alphabets known - f.x. the cuneiform one - are perhaps 5100-5200 years old. Pictographs as a means for writing texts (f.x. Sumer - now part of northern Iraq - China, and Egypt) are of roughly similar age, though in China a bit younger: Egypt some 3400 BC, Sumer some 3300 BC, China some 1500 BC. For the ones living before writing and reading were invented: In what language were their copies of the Quran written, and what alphabets were used? And what were the books used for, as the "prophets" could not read? (According to many Muslims, the original language of "The Mother of the Book" in heaven is Arab, but remember that the Arab language did not exist until after Arabia was settled a few thousand years ago - and the Arab alphabet was not complete until around 900 AD (some 1100+ years ago).
6. The main problem, though, is that there are so many wrong facts (1700+), other errors, points with invalid logic, contradictions (300+), helpless/unclear language, etc., that the Quran itself proves that it is not from a god, and thus Islam is a made up, pagan religion.
7. Point 6. is strengthened by the fact that the only source of the never proved tales in the Quran, was a man who clearly wanted respect, power, riches for bribes for more power - and women. And a man who even the Quran and Islam confirms accepted and himself used dishonesty (f.x. al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit, betrayal, and disuse of words/promises/oaths (2/225, 3/54, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2) as ok working tools. Such men often are unreliable, and some have even deceived their own friends and followers. They also often have tendencies to being psychopathic.
8. #### ISLAM AND MUSLIMS VERY OFTEN TRY TO EXPLAIN AWAY ERRORS, CONTRADICTIONS, ETC. IN THE QURAN BY CLAIMING THAT THE BOOK MANY PLACES MEANS SOMETHING DIFFERENT FROM WHAT IT REALLY SAYS - THAT THE TEXT F.X. IS AN ALLEGORY OR SOMETHING, EVEN IF THIS IS NOT INDICATED, AND IN SPITE OF THAT THE QURAN MANY TIMES STATES THAT ITS TEXTS ARE PLAIN AND EASY TO UNDERSTAND + STATES THAT ONLY THE SICK OF HEART ARE LOOKING FOR HIDDEN MEANINGS - HIDDEN MEANINGS ONLY ALLAH ALL THE SAME CAN UNDERSTAND IF THEY EXIST. BUT TO CLAIM THAT THE QURAN MEANS SOMETHING DIFFERENT FROM WHAT IT SAYS, FOR ONE THING MEANS THEY CLAIM THEY KNOW BETTER THAN ALLAH WHAT ALLAH "REALLY" MEANS, FOR ANOTHER THAT THEY CLAIM THEY ARE BETTER AT EXPLAINING THAN THE OMNISCIENT GOD ALLAH IS, AND FOR A THIRD IT MEANS TO CHANGE THE MEANING OF THE TEXTS = TO CORRUPT AND FALSIFY TEXTS IN THE BOOK AND THUS TO CORRUPT AND FALSIFY THE QURAN.
Well, in this book we do not debate these proofs for that things are very wrong in the Quran and in Islam, but just tells - and comment some on - what is said about persons and other beings in the Quran or closely connected to the old Islam. It is meant as background information for evaluating and understanding the realities behind the Quran, Muhammad, and Islam.
Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570 BC (according to science "likely sometime between 667 and 673 AD"). His father, Abdullah, died before Muhammad was born, and his mother, Amina, when he was 6. As a baby he had a nomad foster mother and wet-nurse, Halima b. Abu Dhu'ayb - this because it was believed that life was safer and better for a baby in the desert than in the town. He was brought up first by his grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, and after his grandfather died, by his uncle Abu Talib. Islam tells that they both took good and loving care of the child, and judging from Muhammad's later words about them it is very likely this is true.
But for this there is little real knowledge about Muhammad's life until he married a rich widow, Khadijah, when he was 25 (and she is said to have been 40), and not too much from then on and until he started his mission in 610 AD. But there are lots of legends - some are reckoned by Islam to be true and many more are believed in by at least many Muslims.
He was born into a not rich branch of a powerful tribe, the Quraysh, in Mecca halfway up the Arab peninsula. 25 years old he married the 40 years old rich widow Khadijah - for love or money is not possible to know. There are children involved - one does not know for sure but 6 - 8 (included the son Qasim and likely a son named Abdullah and perhaps even one or two more). As Khadijah was pretty old to get 6-8 children, it is possible at least some were Khadijah's from her earlier marriage, but adopted by Muhammad (not uncommon - adopted children had duties when the "father" grew old). Evaluating this question it also counts that it is unlikely Khadijah was married for perhaps 20+ years (Arab girls often married young) without getting a child, and then suddenly getting 6-8 with a man who later got only one child (with the slave girl Maria) in spite of a very active sex life with no less than at least 35 other women (Muslims often say 11, but those only were his long time wives).
He had 36 women known by name: 11 long time wives, (9 of them 20 - 36 years younger than him + favorite wife Aisha 6 years old (9 when sex started - he well past 50)), 16 short time wives, 2 concubines, and 7 who may be, may be not, really was married to him. He raped at least two girls/women; Rayhana bint Amr and Safiyya bint Huayay - and also Maria hardly had a free choice.
C. He in reality was not a prophet - he was unable to make prophesies, also according to the Quran and the Hadiths. See 9/88b and f.x. 65/1a.
It is likely Muhammad was or became sterile - that active sex life and getting only 1 child after Khadijah hardly is possible for a somewhat fertile man. (Actually there are 3 possibilities: Khadijah married a poor man to have an "alibi" when cultivating a prohibited, but interesting man - such things happened in the old times. Or Khadijah had some children and the perhaps "interesting man" fathered the rest. Or Muhammad for some reason became completely or nearly sterile after siring one or more of Khadijah's children. Maria's child (Ibrahim) may have been a lucky incident, or - as the owner not always is the "dream prince" of a slave girl - Ibrahim may have been the result of possible visits to somebody more attractive one or more dark nights. These are questions it never will be possible to find a 100% sure answer to. What is sure is that it is not very likely that Khadijah suddenly got 6 - 8 children after the age of 40, and that Muhammad must have been sterile or practically sterile already when he married his next wife only 3 months after Khadijah's death (which does not indicate deep sorrow because of her death), and no pregnancy - not until years later when at least officially Ibrahim was his son and only child after Khadijah died.
Only one daughter, Fatima, survived Muhammad, and she only by half a year. (Muhammad sometimes told that sinners were punished by the god also in this life. Was the early death of all his children some god's punishment against Muhammad for something?
Tradition tells that over the years he grew religious and often made trips outside Mecca seeking loneliness. In 610 AD he was in a grotto named Hira on such a trip, and afterwards he told he had a sight there, and that he met the angel Gabriel. But beware of that this claimed meeting with Gabriel is from the Hadiths - it is NOT mentioned in the Quran. Fact is that Gabriel is not at all named in the Quran until after Muhammad fled to Medina 13 years later. Hadiths are reckoned by science to be mostly legends and thus very unreliable. It also is a fact that Muhammad had a rough time those years in Mecca, and he needed all the arguments he could find to be believed. It therefore is extremely unlikely he did not mention Gabriel if he really had met him - or believed he had met him. The claim that Muhammad met - or honestly believed he met - Gabriel that day in Hira thus may be one of the very many made up legends made by his believers later (there were literally hundreds of thousands of made up legends/Hadiths about him when scholars started to collect them and tried to find out which ones were true and which ones not. Many of the stories they believed were true and wrote down, obviously are untrue. (There even are Muslims who disown them because they are too unreliable, and science directly says they are too unreliable to use for anything unless there are additional proofs.
He started Islam in Mecca in 610 AD. Fled to Medina 13 years later - in 622 AD - and the religion became his main platform of power, though riches from stealing/robbing to his followers did help.
To make a living in Medina for himself and for his followers Muhammad started as a highwayman and a robber baron. The riches this brought in, attracted more followers, some really believing in Islam, some believing in money and riches and rape and slave taking and selling, and some in between. Muhammad's religion started to grow rapidly, and became military powerful - and all the time living on raids for stealing/looting, slave/captive taking, and extortion. In 630 AD Muhammad was powerful enough to take Mecca. Then in 632 AD he rather suddenly died (when planning a new war expedition). There are rumors saying he died from poison. It would in case be very typical for the first period of "the Religion of Peace", Islam; Of the first 11 caliphs after Muhammad, only one, Abu Bakr, died a natural death.
During his 10 years in Medina he simply lived as a highway-man, later robber baron/warlord (83? raids/wars, mostly for stealing/robbing, slave taking and extortion + later spreading Islam by the sword). And contrary to what Muslims and Islam like to claim, he died quite rich with estates in Medina, Fadaq and Khaybar. Muslims and Islam only "forgets" to tell that Islam inherited him, and thus his family inherited little. They also "forget" to tell that Muhammad's daughter and the caliph quarreled about these riches for the rest of her short life. (We have seen claimed on Internet that she was poisoned because of this quarrel, but it is unlikely this is true.)
Perhaps more serious: The highwayman and robber baron needed warriors and moral alibis for his new lifestyle. Perhaps because of this, the religion changed quite a lot in a short time after he arrived im Medina - from rather peaceful in Mecca to a full war and suppression religion in Medina. And because of Islam's rules for abrogation (making some verses invalid if the content "collided" with other verses), the texts from Medina dominates the ones from Mecca if they disagree, because the texts from Medina are younger, and thus must be the correct ones.
There is no old non-Muslim sources mentioning Muhammad. There therefore are scientists believing Muhammad is a fiction made up by the religion Islam - in the same way many other religions made up their gods and heroes. It is highly likely, though, that he was a real person. But a person very far from the glossy picture Islam likes to paint. If you want to find the real Muhammad, drop all the glorifying words - such words are very cheap, especially when they only are based on claims. Read instead what he demanded, what rules and moral code he introduced, what non-populist orders he gave, what he did, etc. "When there is a distance between nice words and reality, we always believe in the reality".
If you read the Quran and Hadiths like this, you find an intelligent man knowing a lot about people and how to lead and manipulate them. But you also find the typical robber baron, going all out for power and for riches for bribes and thus more power. The womanizing also is typical for many a robber baron. Self centered and perhaps selfish - we have seen the word "psychopath" used. Personally we think that word may be too strong, but there is no doubt he was self centered enough and had the ability to manipulate people.
He according to the Quran made no miracles - Islam today says: "The only miracle connected to him is the Quran". This and also verses in the Quran where he states he only is a normal man, proves that all the stories Muslims tell about miracles performed by or connected to him, are made up stories. (Be sure they had been mentioned in the Quran if they had been true - Islam desperately needed proofs for his connection to something supernatural.)
He believed in using dishonesty (though al-Taqiyya and Kitman - f.x. 2/26h, 13/42 - only was formalized later), deceit/betrayal (f.x. the 29 from Khaybar murdered), and even broken words/promises/oaths (f.x. 2/224e, 2/225a, 5/89c, 16/91e).
He use lies even in the Quran - f.x. 6/7a, 6/28c, 6/109i, 7/120a, 20/70a. (There are at least 80+ cases. Im addition there are many cases where it is not possible to know if he believed what he said or not.)
He is speaking (f.x. 6/104c, 19/36b, 27/91a, 51/50-51) and MANY others referred speaking/acting in the Quran. How is that possible in a book claimed to be timeless and written before the world was created, if not 100% predestination?
If Allah predestines everything and according to his unchangeable Plan like the Quran states absolutely, man has no free will in Islam. Full predestination and free will for man - even partly - are mutually excluding each other, and thus impossible that both can be true, in spite of Muhammad's and Islam’s claims.
If Allah predestines everything and the predestinations are impossible to change, like the Quran states absolutely, prayers have no value or effect in Islam - mutually excluding each other, and thus impossible in spite of Muhammad's and Islam’s claims. Similar goes for forgiving.
A robber baron like thousands of others throughout history, though more successful than most. And a typical self proclaimed prophet like thousands of others throughout history - the center, the power, the total dictator of his followers - - - and also lots of women is the case for a number of such claimed prophet. Typical, though more successful than most self proclaimed prophets - and as typical: He was unable to prove even one single of his central claims, much of what he told and claimed provably is wrong, and provably he used at least some lies and other kinds of dishonesty. There even are some clear lies from him (or Allah?) in the Quran.
There is a long distance between the historical, real Muhammad, and the semi-saint Muslims claims and wish for and many even honestly are able to believe in.
To quote Internet: "Muhammad lived far from the golden rule for moral: 'Do against others like you want others do against you', and as far from: 'Say the truth, or say nothing' - but he at least preached some of it".
But where are Muslims and Islam if not each and every word in the Quran is the full and only truth?
4. SOME THINGS TO BE ESPECIALLY AWARE OF CONCERNING MUHAMMAD.
- He wanted respect, power, and women. This is indirectly, but most clear to see from the texts in the Quran.
- He was intelligent and charismatic, and he understood people - included how to manipulate them.
- He accepted the use of dishonesty as working tools - al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit, betrayal, and disuse even of oaths - and also used it himself.
- He also accepted and actively used dishonesty in deeds - thieving/looting, extortion, slave taking - as attractions to attract and keep warriors.
- Science tends to believe he had Temporal Lobe Epilepsy - TLE. This easily may explain both his seizures and his religious illusions.
- Science tends to believe that may be he believed what he told when he started Islam, but that he gradually became more calculating.
- Science tends to think he morally was rather normal until he started to gain real power, but that the power more or less destroyed him morally. This is a psychological effect one frequently sees with people gaining much power.
- He himself used dishonesty, deceit, etc. to reach his goals. F.x. when killing the peace delegation from Khaybar.
- He sometimes lied even in the Quran. (See separate chapter.)
- He also strongly wanted money/riches to use for bribes to gain new or keep undecided followers + some for his many women. This was much of the reason for his many raids for riches and loot.
- He was quite a womanizer. We know the names of 36 women he had sex with.
- He wanted young women or girls. Except for his first and rich wife, all his women/girls were from 20 to 43 years younger than him.
- He personally raped at least 2 young women (Rayhana bint Amr and Safiyya bint Huayay), and also his slave Maria hardly had any real choice. He also used permission to rape women and children as one of the incitements to attract warriors for his raids.
- He was a very harsh and bloody leader. Drop the glorifying words, but read what he did and demanded and the rules he introduced, and both the Quran and Hadiths will show you a strong competitor to IS/ISIL, al-Shabaab, LRA, Hamas, and others - not only a competitor, but a leading star and idol for them.
- Muhammad also was very self-centered - easy to see from the Quran (f.x. "Allah and his Messenger" is the center throughout the book). Psychopathic?
- One has to be very naive not to at least check if such a self centered man with that kind of moral, could not deceive also his followers.
5. SOME OF MUHAMMAD'S MANY NAMES
Like Allah, like The Holy Spirit, like Yahweh, Muhammad is known by many names. Allah according to Islam has 99 names, The Holy Spirit 6 or 7, and Yahweh at least 3 (Yahweh, God, and El - the last one very old, + some describing names like "the Lord", "the Father", etc.). But Muhammad is the central figure also here with at least 200. But there are more, as to make a name for Muhammad is easy: Find any positive word, expression, etc. If the meaning is not irrelevant, it may be a name for Muhammad.
To us it is causing some reflections that Allah has 99 names, whereas Muhammad has hundreds. Who is really the main figure in Islam?
When the lists we copy use particles (al, as, az, at, an, etc.) in front of the main word/name, we add it in () behind. This to make the use of our alphabetic list easier to use.
- 001 Ahmed = the claimed name of Muhammad in the Torah - a nice claim, because Muhammad does not exist there. An al-Taqiyya (lawful lie), but al-Taqiyyas are permitted in Islam, and even recommended "if necessary". You too often find things like this in Islam. Also: The name Ahmed does not exist in any of the Torahs we have red.
- 002 Abdullah = the one saved by Allah
- 003 Abu Qasim = father of Qasim (son of Muhammad and Khadijah - died as an infant*)
- 004 'Afuww = the pardoner, the effacer of sins
- 005 'Afw = the overlooker of sins
- 006 Ahad (al) = the one, the unique
- 007 Ajeer = Allah's worker
- 008 Akhir (al) = the last
- 009 'Alm ul-Huda = the teacher of the guidance
- 010 'Alm ul-Iman = he taught the faith
- 011 'Alm ul-Yakeen = he taught certainty
- 012 Amin = the trustworthy
- 013 Aqib = the last in succession
- 014 Awwal (al) = the first
- 015 Ayb ul Ghur = the spring of beauty
- 016 Ayn ul-Na'eem = the spring of bliss
- 017 Aziz = the mighty
- 018 Badi (al) = incomparable, the originator
- 019 Baligh = the reclaimer
- 020 Baqi (al) = the ever enduring and immutable
- 021 Barr = the pious
- 022 Barr (al) = the most kind and righteous
- 023 Basher = the news bringer
- 024 Bating (al) = the hidden, the all encompassing
- 025 Bursar = the good news
- 026 Data = the caller
- 027 Dalai' ul-Khayra = guide to good things
- 028 Daseen ul-Lisan = the good communicator
- 029 Dharr (ad) = the distresser
- 030 Dhikrullah = remembrance of Allah
- 031 Dhu al Jalal wa al ikram= the lord of majesty and generosity
- 032 Dhu 'Azzin = the possessor of might
- 033 Dhu Fadl = the possessor of grace
- 034 Dhu Hurmahtin = the possessor of honor
- 035 Dhu Makanatin = the possessor of firmness
- 036 Dhu Quwatin = the possessor of power
- 037 Fadhll = the outstanding
- 038 Fatih = the opener
- 039 Ghani (al) = the all rich, the independent
- 040 Ghawth = the redeemer
- 041 Ghayth = succor
- 042 Ghiyath = help
- 043 Haadin = the guide
- 044 Habibullah = the one beloved of Allah
- 045 Hadi (al) = the guide
- 046 Hadiyatullah = the gift of Allah
- 047 Hafiy = the welcoming
- 048 Haqq = the truth
- 049 Haris Alaykum = watchful over you
- 050 Hashir = the gatherer
- 051 Hizbullah = the party of Allah
- 052 Huda = the guidance
- 053 Iklil = the crown
- 054 Imam ul-Muttaqeen = the leader of the god-fearing
- 055 'Izz ul-Arab = the might of the Arabs
- 056 Jabbar = the compelling
- 057 Jami = the collector
- 058 Kaaf = the qualified
- 059 Kafeel = the guarantor
- 060 Kalimullah = the speaker of Allah
- 061 Kamil = the perfect
- 062 Karim = the noble
- 063 Khalil up-Rahman = the friend of the merciful
- 064 Khashif ul-Kurab = the remover of worries
- 065 Khateb ul-Umam = the preacher of nations
- 066 Khatim ur-Ambiya = the seal of the prophets
- 067 Khatim ur-Rasool = the seal of the messengers
- 068 Maahi = the effacer
- 069 Madu'u = the called one
- 070 Mahdi = the rightly guided one
- 071 Makhsoosun bil-'Azz = distinguished with might
- 072 Makhsoosun bil-Majd = distinguished with might
- 073 Makhsoosun bish-Sharaf = distinguisher with nobelity
- 074 Majid (al) = the illustrious, the magnificent
- 075 Makin = the firm/li>
- 076 Malik al Mulk = the owner of sovereignty
- 077 Ma'lum = the known one
- 078 Ma'mun = the trusted
- 079 Mani' (al) = the withholder, the shielder, the defender
- 080 Mansoor = the victorious one
- 081 Mashhood = the attested
- 082 Matin = the stable
- 083 Mawsool = the one bound to Allah
- 084 Miftah = the key
- 085 Miftah ul-Jannah = the key to the garden
- 086 Miftah ur-Rahman = the key of mercy (Islam has a strange definition of "mercy" it seems*)
- 087 Misbah = the lantern
- 088 Mu'akhkhir (al) = the delayer, he who puts far away
- 089 Mu'ammil = the hoped for
- 090 Mubaligh = the informer
- 091 Mubasir = the spreader of good news
- 092 Mubin = the evident
- 093 Mubirr = the venerated
- 094 Mudathir = the covered one
- 095 Mudhakkir = the reminder
- 096 Mufaddhil = the favored
- 097 Muhaymin = the guardian
- 098 Muhd = the guided one
- 099 Mughni (al) = the enricher, the emancipator
- 100 Muhyi = the reviver
- 101 Mujaab = the one responded to
- 102 Mujib = the responsive
- 103 Mujtaba = the select
- 104 Mukarram = the honored
- 105 Mukhtar = the chosen
- 106 Muktaf = the broad-shouldered
- 107 Mundhir = the admonisher
- 108 Munir = the illuminated one
- 109 Munjin = the rescuer
- 110 Muntaqa = the eloquent
- 111 Muntaqim = the avenger
- 112 Muqaddam = the overseer
- 113 Muqaddim (al) = the expediter, he who brings forward
- 114 Muqaddis = the sacred
- 115 Muqeel ul-'Atharat = the forewarner of false steps
- 116 Muqeem as-Sunna = the establisher of the way
- 117 Muqsit (al) = the equitable, the requiter
- 118 Muqtadir (al) = the all determiner (should be Allah?*), the dominant
- 119 Muqtafin = the best example
- 120 Muqtaffi = the selected
- 121 Musaddaq = the confirmer
- 122 Musahih ul-Hasanat = the verifier of good deeds
- 123 Mushaffa = the one whose intercession is accepted (by Allah*)
- 124 Muslih = the conciliator
- 125 Mustafa = the chosen one
- 126 Muta' = the one obeyed
- 127 Muta'al (al) = the self exalted
- 128 Mutahhir ul-Jannan = the purifier of the soul
- 129 Mutahir = the purifier
- 130 Mutawakil = the reliant on Allah
- 131 Muti' = the obedient
- 132 Muzzamil = the wrapped one
- 133 Naaseh = the adviser
- 134 Naasih = the counselor
- 135 Naasir = the helper
- 136 Nabi = the prophet
- 137 Nabi ut-Tauba = the prophet of repentance
- 138 Nabiy ur-Rahmah = the prophet of mercy (an ironic name*)
- 139 Nadhir = the warner
- 140 Nafi' (an) = the propitious, the benefactor
- 141 Najm ath-thaqib (al-) = the piercing star
- 142 Ni'matulla = the blessings of Allah
- 143 Nur = the light
- 144 Najiyullah = the confidant of Allah
- 145 Qadin Sidq = the foot of sincerity
- 146 Qadir (al) = the able
- 147 Qawiy = the powerful/li>
- 148 Qayid ul-Ghur il-Muhajjilin = the guide of the brightly shining ones
- 149 Qayim = the straight one
- 150 Raheem = the mercy giver (!!*)
- 151 Rahmah = mercy
- 152 Rashid (ar) = the guide, the infallible teacher, and knower
- 153 Rasool = the messenger
- 154 Rasool al-Malahim = the messenger of fierce battles
- 155 Rasool ur-Rahah = the messenger of rest
- 156 Rasool ur-Rahmah = the messenger of mercy
- 157 Rauf = the Kind (ask Kinana and MANY others*)
- 158 Rafi'ur = the raiser of ranks
- 159 Ruh ul-Haqq = the spirit of truth (al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit, etc.)
- 160 Ruh ul-Qist = the spirit of justice
- 161 Ruh ul-Qudus = the Holy Spirit(!!! We doubt that all Muslims believe Muhammad was this.)
- 162 Saabiq = the foremost
- 163 Saa'iq = the driver
- 164 Sabur (as) = the patient, the timeless
- 165 Sa'd ul-Khalq = the joy of the creator
- 166 Sa'dullah = the joy of Allah
- 167 Safiyullah = the intimate of Allah
- 168 Safooh 'an al-Zallat = the pardoner of oppression
- 169 Shaaf = the healing
- 170 Saheen ul-Islam = the completer of Islam (is the completer Muhammad and not Allah?
- 171 Sahib ud-Darajat ir-Rafi'= the possessor of the lofty rank
- 172 Sahib ul-'Alamah = the owner of the sign
- 173 Sahib ul-Bayan = the possessor of evident proofs (see Sahib ul-Burhan)
- 174 Sahib ul-Buraq = the owner of Buraq
- 175 Sahib ul-Burhan = the possessor of evidence (ironic - he never proved central points)
- 176 Sahib ul-Fadeelah = the possessor of preeminence
- 177 Sahib ul-Faraj = the possessor of happiness
- 178 Sahib ul-Hujjah = the possessor of proofs (irony, he never proved any essential point*)
- 179 Sahib ul-Izar = the owner of the cloth
- 180 Sahib ul-Khatam = the owner of the ring
- 181 Sahib ul-Liwa = the possessor of the flag
- 182 Sahib ul-Maqam = the possessor of the honored station
- 183 Sahib ui-Migfir = the possessor of forgiveness
- 184 Sahib ul-Mi'raj = the master of the night journey
- 185 Sahib ul-Qadam = owner of the footprint
- 186 Sahib ul-Qadheeb = the possessor of the staff
- 187 Sahib ul-Waseelah = the possessor of the closest access
- 188 Sahib ur-Rida' = the owner of the robe
- 189 Sahib us-Sayf = the owner of the sword
- 190 Sahib us-Sultan = the possessor of authority
- 191 Sahib ush-Shafa'h = the possessor of intercession
- 192 Sahib ur-Taj = the possessor of the crown
- 193 Sahib-uz Zamaan = ? (meaning not given in the list we copy)
- 194 Sahibul Waqt = ? (meaning not given in the list we copy)
- 195 Saiyed = the master
- 196 Saiyed ul-Mursalin = the master of the messengers
- 197 Saiyed ul-Khawnain = the master of the two universes
- 198 Salih = the righteous
- 199 Samad (as) =the long, the impregnable, the everlasting
- 200 Sayfullah = the sword of Allah
- 201 Shaafi' = the interceder
- 202 Shaahid = the witness
- 203 Shafeeq = the tender
- 204 Shaheed = the witness
- 205 Shahir = the famous
- 206 Sidq = the sincerity
- 207 Siraj = the lamp
- 208 Siratuallah = the path of Allah
- 209 Siratumustaqim = the straight path
- 210 TaHa = Named from surah of the Quran.
- 211 Tahir = the pure
- 212 Taiyeb = the good
- 213 Tawwab (at) = the ever returning, ever relenting.
- 214 Udhun Khayr = the good listener
- 215 Umiy = the unlettered
- 216 'Urwatu Wurhqa = the trusty handhold
- 217 Waasil = the inseparable friend
- 218 Wahid = Unique 219 Wajid (al) = the perceiver, the finder, the unfailing
- 219 Wajih = the eminent
- 220 Wakeel = the advocate
- 221 Wali = the friend
- 222 Warith (al) = the heir, the inheritor of all
- 223 Wasul = the connection
- 224 YaSin = Named from surah of the Quran.
- 225 Zahir (az) = the manifest, the all victorious
>>> Go to Next Chapter
This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".