Muhammad in the Quran, Vol. 3: Chapter 55


 

BREAKING OATHS

- and by implication breaking of words, promises, etc. as they are weaker words than oaths.

The Quran and Islam - and not least Muhammad - are a bit special on the treatment of oaths (and of honesty generally, especially when it comes to defending or promoting the religion). For more about oaths and the disuse and breaking of oaths - and thus by implication of words and promises - please see the chapters ALLAH AND HONESTY and ALLAH AND SWEARING in our Book J: "Allah in the Quran".

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##### 001 2/225a: “Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your heart”. If you swear an oath without thinking it over - or not enough over – you are not bound by it. But how are other people to know if the oath you have made is binding for you or not - or if you will break it? Besides; you may break also a more serious oath if that will give a better result, but you may have to pay expiation to Allah for it. See f.x. 2/224e-f above, and also 5/89, 16/91, 66/2.

One of the proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god. According to Yahweh you preferably shall not swear at all, but if you do, you are bound by your oath.

Conclusion: Any Muslim can break any oath, no matter how strong and how seriously meant, "if that gives a better result" - pay expiation afterwards if necessary. This also goes for other words and promises, as words and promises are weaker than oaths. How reliable - or unreliable - may then a Muslim, included Muhammad, be?

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###002 3/54ab: ”- - - and Allah too plotted and planned, and the best of planners is Allah.” It in reality is Allah that decides everything – “the best of planners”.

MORE OMINOUS: MUSLIMS UNDERSTOOD HERE THAT THE NON-MUSLIMS TRIED TO CHEAT AND DECEIVE ALLAH, BUT THAT HE WAS BETTER AT CHEATING AND DECEIVING. BUT AS ALLAH COULD CHEAT AND DECEIVE, ALSO MUSLIMS COULD/OUGHT TO DO IT IF THERE WERE REASONS. THIS THUS IS ONE OF THE VERSES IN THE QURAN BEHIND THE "LAWFUL DISHONESTY" IN ISLAM.

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####003 3/54b: ”- - - and Allah too plotted and planned, and the best of planners is Allah.” This verse in addition is one of the verses the Muslim phenomena al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), and Hilah (the lawful pretending or circumventing - "the dishonesty in disguise") are based on – when Allah can “plot and plan” (indicating using dishonest means) of course his followers can do the same as long as it is not forbidden – which it is not. Also see 2/26h, 2/224e-f, 2/225a, 4/142a, 8/30, 10/21b, 13/42, 27/50, and 86/16 - dishonesty as a policy is one of the fundamental rules in the Quran's moral - or immoral - code. Al-Taqiyya and Kitman are permitted in 8 - 10 wide cases, and advised "if necessary" in 2: To defend and to promote Islam. Worth remembering for Muslims and non-Muslims alike; what is true and what is not true in Muslims' arguments about such things? And how much is true in a religion partly relying on dishonesty? - - - and what then about its claimed prophet, Muhammad? - how much of his words are Kitmans or al-Taqiyyas or deceit, etc.?

Just for the record: Al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, etc. can be used at least in these cases (for broken oaths there are given no real limitations if the broken oath will give a better result. By implication this also goes for ordinary promises, as an oath is something stronger than a normal promise. Also for deceit and betrayal there are given no real limits. Muhammad said according to f.x. ibn Ishaq, "The life of Muhammad", that "war is deceit" - and according to many Muslims "anything" is war (according to Islam also everything outside Islamic lands are "area of war")):

  • 1. To save your or others' health or life.
  • 2. To get out of a tight spot or a dangerous problem.
  • 3. To make peace in a family.
  • 4. When it will give a better result than honesty or honoring one’s oath.
  • 5. To cheat women (should be remembered by girls with Muslim boyfriends wanting sex - or wanting a marriage to get residence permit in a rich country.)
  • 6. To deceive opponents/enemies.
  • 7. To betray enemies.
  • 8. To secure one’s money (very clear from Hadiths).
  • 9. To defend Islam. (Advised if necessary to succeed.)
  • 10. To promote Islam. (Advised if necessary to succeed.)

But al-Taqiyya, etc. is a double-edged sword: In the short run you may cheat and deceive some ones – actually also in the long run if the opposite part does not know about this side of Muslims and of Islam, or if he/she is naïve.

But in the long run the surroundings learn that it is impossible quite to trust a Muslim in serious questions: When is he speaking the honest truth and when is he using an al-Taqiyya or some other kind of "lawful" dishonesty? - lawful at least according to the Quran and to the Sharia laws.

#####004 5/89a: “Allah will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths - - -" = oaths you just throw around - f.x. in anger or from habits, or for oaths you for other reasons did not mean, does not count, and is no sin for Allah. Quite a different from normal religions. Besides: How can others know when you mean an oath and when not? (Well, in some cases you can guess, but what about all the border-line cases and the cases where it sounds like you mean it?) The Quran and Islam are very special when it comes to breaking oaths and some other kinds of dishonesty (f.x. al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie) and Kitman (the lawful half-truth)) - it is the only of the big religions with such rules for accepted dishonesty, and the only one of the big religions which accepts dishonesty, even as a part of the religion/religious life.

#####005 5/89b: “Allah will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths, but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths: (if you break such one*) for expiation, feed 10 indigent persons, on a scale of the average for the food of your families: or clothe them, or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation for the (breaking of*) oaths ye have sworn. But keep to your oaths.” In principle: Keep your oaths, at least if you meant them. But if you break them, not much is lost, as it is just to pay expiation, and everything is ok. And if the oath was made without thinking things over, you are not even bound by it or bound to pay expiation for it. Guess if this is different from NT! (- and from most other religions included all the big ones!)

No other of the big religions has dishonesty as an integrated and accepted part of the religion - also here remember al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie) and Kitman (the lawful half-truth), etc. - and "war is deceit". Just for the record: Al-Taqiyya, Kitman, and Hilah can be used at least in these cases (for broken oaths there are given no real limitations if the broken oath will give a better result. By implication this also goes for ordinary words and promises, as an oath is something stronger than a normal word or promise):

  • 1. To save your or others' health or life.
  • 2. To get out of a tight spot or a dangerous problem.
  • 3. To make peace in a family.
  • 4. When it will give a better result than honesty or honoring one’s oath.
  • 5. To cheat women (should be remembered by girls with Muslim boyfriends wanting sex - or wanting a marriage to get residence permit or work permit in a rich country.)
  • 6. To deceive opponents/enemies.
  • 7. To betray enemies.
  • 8. To secure one’s money (very clear from Hadiths).
  • 9. To defend Islam. (Advised if necessary to succeed.)
  • 10. To promote Islam. (Advised if necessary to succeed.)

But al-Taqiyya is a double-edged sword: In the short run you may cheat and deceive someone – actually also in the long run if the opposite part does not know about this side of Muslims and of Islam, or if he/she is naïve. But in the long run one learns that there is no way to really be sure a Muslim speaks the full truth - or the truth at all - in serious questions. (This also may be a big problem for Muslims telling the truth about something without being believed - they have no reliable way of strengthening their words.) For points behind the legalizing of al-Taqiyya, Kitman, Hilah, deceit, betrayal, etc. see f.x 2/26h, 2/224e-f, 2/225a, 4/142a, 8/30, 10/21b, 13/42, 27/50, and 86/16. For legalizing of disuse/breaking of oaths see f.x. 2/225, 3/54 (if Allah can cheat, cheating is ok), 5/89, 16/91, 66/2.

###006 5/89c: "That is the expiation for the oaths ye (Muslims'*) have sworn (and broken*)". Even though it is advisable to keep your oats, if you break one, it is just to pay expiation, and everything is ok. The Religion of Truth?!? - an ironical joke. And for some reason or other Islam and Muslims seldom claim that "Islam is "the Religion of Honesty".

007 16/91c: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it". A bit different from in most religions: "Break not your oaths".<(p>

008 16/91d: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it." Part of the basis for the sharia laws. ####Especially interesting here are the words "after you have confirmed it".

009 16/91e: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it." Well, Muhammad in the Quran and in Hadiths strongly advices you to break your oath if that gives a better result - pay a "fine" (expiation) to Allah afterwards if necessary. No wonder the Muslim areas are full of conspiracy theories about all and everything; When do the authorities and others speak the truth and when is it an al-Taqiyya (lawful lie) or a Kitman (lawful half-truth) or a Hilah (lawful pretending/circumventing) - or f.x. a deceit?

Besides, if you all the same break a serious oath, you blot out the sin by paying expiation afterwards. Very simple. And a very practical moral code. BUT WHO CAN TRUST EVEN THE OATH OF A MUSLIM?

And note the words: "- - - after you have confirmed it". You have to confirm your oath to make it binding (but still breakable if you pay expiation afterwards). A really strong proof for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - and Jesus and Muhammad not in the same line of anything in the world of morality, not to mention line of prophets (in addition to that Muhammad was no real prophet - he was unable to make prophesies).

#010 58/14f: "- - - they (non-Muslims*) swear to falsehood knowingly". This claim is pretty ironic. In most religions false oaths are sins - it happens, but are sins. In Islam it is permitted and even advised if a broken oath will give a better result - but Muhammad scolds others for doing the same. The sooty kettle calling slightly dirty snow black?

011 58/16a: "They (non-Muslims*) have made their oaths a screen - - -". What sometimes happened when a person did not like to do this or that - or to do this and that - was that he made an oath on that he would do - or not do - this and this. Then he had the good excuse that he could not break his oath - and live a nice life doing or not doing those things.

012 58/16b: "They (non-Muslims*) have made their oaths a screen - - -". But is this worse than when Muhammad in the Quran advices his followers - and practices himself (f.x. in the episode with the riding camels) - to break ones oaths, if this gives a more satisfying result? In reality as ironic as 58/14d above. If you put this point beside 2/225, 5/89, 16/91, or 66/2, you may get a hearty, ironic laugh.

**013 61/9b: “It is He (Allah*) Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad*) with Guidance - - -”. A teaching based on a book containing unbelievable perhaps 3ooo+ mistakes, loose statements, contradictions, invalid “signs” and “proofs” + at least some clear lies and statements telling that Muhammad did not respect even his oaths too much, is not much of a guidance.

#####014 66/2a: "Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases)- - -". According to other places in the Quran, the cases when you can break your oat without sinning, are:

  1. Oaths you have given without really meaning them.
  2. Oaths where you later see you will get a more satisfactory result if you break your oat. In serious cases, though, you should pay a "fine" - expiation - to Allah to be forgiven".
  3. To defend or promote Islam, you should disuse also oaths "if necessary" to succeed.

Can anyone please tell us what remains of trustworthiness of a Muslim's words and oaths - especially when you add to this the al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie) and the Kitman (the lawful half-truth) and permitted betrayals? - and his point of view that "war is deceit" (and everything is war). And much worse in this case: WHAT REMAINS OF MUHAMMAD'S TRUSTWORTHINESS - NOT TO MENTION THE QURAN'S TRUSTWORTHINESS?

Sub-total Chapter 55 = 14 + 5.325 = 5.339.


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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".