Muhammad in the Quran, Vol. 2: Chapter 27


 

TAQLID

- unquestioning belief because your father said it was the truth

(A26/38): Razi states that (this*) verse represents "one of the strongest (Quranic) indications of the immorality (Arab “fasad”*) inherent in (the principle of) "taqlid", i.e. the blind, unquestioning adoption of religious concepts or practices on basis of one’s uncritical faith in no more than the “authority” of (the fathers*), a scholar, or a religious leader.”

“(Zamakhshari): ‘- - - ancient usage and precedence in time are no proof of (a concept’s) soundness”.

For obvious reasons Muhammad only could rely on taqlid to a limited degree - simply because mostly his claimed authority was the basic for most later taqlid in Islam. But he used it some when he used older stories, etc. he thought his audience believed in because they were thought to be true stories, and then he used or twisted them to "prove" or "explain" his new religion.

But later generations, and most Muslims of today believe simply because of taqlid - because their fathers and surroundings and authorities claim that the Quran is the truth "because so the Quran states, and so our forefathers and the old authorities and scholars said, and then it must be the truth". There are very few Muslims of today who really have studied the Quran with their brain and knowledge engaged + the question: "Kan all this be true?" - and if not, "what is the real explanation?", and "what conclusion must we make f.x. from the many wrong facts and other errors in the Quran? - or from Muhammad’s lies in the Quran?", etc.

Many of the Islamic scholars really were intelligent and learned men. But their starting point without exception was: "The Quran is the truth. How can we explain the errors and other weak spots in ways which make the book seem the truth?" It does not matter one iota how learned or intelligent you are: If you use a wrong starting point/wrong facts and/or ask wrong question, you unavoidably get wrong answers. It is the RIRO-principle in IT: "Rubbish In = Rubbish Out".

Islam NEVER mentions that the principle of taqlid also count for Islam - actually for most of 1400 years and also today, was and is the basic foundation for most Muslim's belief. The Quran is the basis for the religion, but taqlid is the main reason for why most Muslims believe the Quran is the truth.

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001 2/13a: "Believe as the others believe - - -". This is an invalid argument, as the fact that some or even many believe, does not prove their belief is true. The argument merits that one looks into the belief and check if it may be true or not. To follow believers without checking their belief, is just to go along with the flock of sheep, and as sheep are not the most intelligent of animals, they not always end at the best places. But honestly: If you just follow the sheep in blind belief, you deserve whatever you get.

Islam has the word "taqlid" = to deny what conflicts with old or wishful thinking f.x. inherited from ones fathers. (Or to be more exact: To accept what parents and scholars and others around you say, without asking for or checking proofs for what they say is true.) This quote tells Muslims that they shall rely on taqlid and what others believe. Do not use your brain and knowledge to evaluate if what your fathers and others told you is right - use taqlid.

#################How many Muslims or prospects have ever sat down and read the Quran with their brains and knowledge, and not only their eyes, engaged. Thinking: "What is true? What may be true? What is doubtful? Are there things which cannot be true?"Instead of: "The Quran is the truth, because so my father and others claim. How can I explain away the wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, etc.? And how many such "explanations" can I use before I make Allah a liar when he tells the book has easy and correct - literal - language and is explained by an omniscient god, and a book where only the sick of heart (3/7) look for hidden meanings which only Allah knows?

###002 5/104f: "Enough for us (non-Muslims*) are the ways we found our fathers following". = We non-Muslims prefer to follow the religion of our fathers. A way of thinking which Muhammad found much wanting - - - but which is just what most Muslims of all times have been and are doing; our parents and our surroundings told this religion was the true one and worthy of blind and unthinking belief, and then we follow their beliefs - as they and others say so, it must be the truth.

###003 5/104g: "'Enough for us (non-Muslims*) are the ways we found our fathers following'

What! Even though their fathers were void of knowledge and guidance?". This is exactly the Muslims' position: The reason why they believe in the Quran, is "taqlid" - the uncritical acceptance of what their parents and everyone else was and is telling them that the tales of Muhammad must be true no matter if Muhammad is reliable or a Baron von Münchausen (a teller of wild fantasy tales from international litterateur) - a strong and blind belief only.

###004 7/28ab: "We found our fathers doing so". The reason why Muslims keep believing in the Quran, is that their fathers - and surroundings - tell them that the Quran must be true, because so their fathers and forefathers and surroundings said, "and then it must be true", and then they blindly believe this. But it is not possible for a person with reasonable knowledge about the world and different sciences, and with a reasonable quality brain, who study the Quran honestly trying to find out; "is this true or not", not to end in skepticism or stronger.

###005 7/70c: "- - - the cult of our (the 'Ad people's*) fathers - - -". This is meant as hidden irony. But the real irony is that Islam only is "the cult of the fathers" - "taqlid" - as absolutely nothing is proved, and even lots of it is proved wrong + that all the wrong points prove 100% and more that no god was involved in the Quran and thus in the religion. Superstition often is mistaken for a religion. Most or all pagan religions simply are superstition.

006 7/173: "Our fathers before us may have taken false gods, but we are (their) descendants after them: wilt Thou (Allah*) then destroy us because of the deeds of men who were futile?" As the Quran with all its mistakes, contradictions, etc. is not from a god, this - taqlid - is relevant also for the Muslims - f.x. on the possible Day of Doom. The Quran and all its errors prove that Allah likely is one of the false gods.

007 11/62c: "Dost thou (now) forbid us (the Thamuds*) the worship of what our fathers worshipped?" Sentences like this might make one start thinking, when one knows that Muslims believe because their fathers and their and their mullahs/imams and teachers and surroundings tells this is the true belief because their fathers etc. have told them it was true, and because there is a strong social pressure never to question such claims - in one Arab word: Because of "taqlid". Muslims hardly ever go into the material with the question "where is the truth?"

############008 11/87c: "- - - the worship which our fathers practiced - - -". The reason why Muslims believe in Islam is that their fathers and surroundings claim it is the truth, not that they ever have gone into the material to see if it at all is possible that it can be the truth. (Which it is not with all those mistakes, etc. in the Quran).

009 11/109a: "They (pagans*) worship nothing but what their fathers worshipped (before them)". Most likely correct. But what if the Quran is made up? - it is not from a god with that many mistakes, etc., etc. In that case this is exactly what also all Muslims do each and every day. And even worse if the book is from some dark forces, like its everlasting and partly immoral and unethical moral and ethical codes - and lack of empathy - may implicate.

There also is no doubt that the main reason why most Muslims believe in Allah and Muhammad, is that their fathers and surroundings have told and told and told them since they were babies, that the Quran is the truth.

####010 21/53b: "We (Abraham's people*) found our fathers worshipping them". #####This is as true for Muslims as for anyone else. A man once told a tale. Some ones believed it and told their children by mouth or in writing. The children told their children that this was true, without ever checking if it even could be true. And so on generation after generation. Not one single comma is proved about Islam. It is only that once upon a time some forefathers started believing the tales of a charismatic leader. And this in spite of clear and overwhelming proofs for that something is - or more correctly; many things are - very wrong in his tales, and in spite of knowing very well that he believed in using lies, deceiving and even breaking of oaths, and in spite of knowing he wanted power plus riches for bribes for more power - and women - - - just so like many a self proclaimed prophet through the times. (And in this case it might be thought provoking that many a false prophet went far out for riches and power and women, whereas none of the known real(?) prophets were much interested in such things (NB: Men like David and Solomon in the Bible are not reckoned to be prophets, but mighty kings)).

We may add that it is typical for blind belief in the surrounding's religion - "taqlid" in Arab - in any religion, included Islam, to believe not because of proofs, but in spite of proofs. This in spite of the very obvious fact that a religion which is clearly proved wrong, obviously is on a wrong track and will lead its followers to no paradise if there is a next life. Man is a strange creature sometimes: When strong belief collides with clear and true facts, the clear facts can home whistling a song.

This verse is not from the Bible - just like so many other "Biblical" tales in the Quran.

We also may point to the Islam today is based on pure taqlid - the fathers and others claiming that the Quran is the truth, "because so our fathers told us their fathers claimed", and then it must be true.

011 21/54b: "Indeed ye (Abraham's people*) have been in manifest error - ye and your fathers". Like also Muslims are if the Quran is a made up book - and no god made a book with so much wrong, not to mention revered it as a "mother book" (13/39, 43/4, 85/21-22) in his own "home". Taqlid.

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#####012 23/1d: (A23/11): “- - - a Quranic allusion to the fact that people often reject a new ethical proposition on no better grounds than that it conflicts with their 'inherited' habits of thoughts and ways of life. Indirectly, this allusion implies a condemnation of all blind 'taqlid', i.e. an unthinking acceptance of religious doctrines or assertions which are not unequivocally supported by divine revelations, the explicit teachings of a prophet, or the evidence of the unprejudiced reason”.

#####But the book skips the fact that this also goes for Muslims, especially as the Quran with all its errors is no revelation from any god: If they are strongly indoctrinated, they may react strongly to arguments and facts they do not like – and without thinking over – or being mentally able to think over – even true facts.

The book here has tailor-made a definition to fit Islam. It has forgotten (?) that for one thing that reason is unable to find the right answer without full and correct information – and the Quran is full of mistakes - that claims about divine revelations are 15 to the dozen in some religious circles and invalid as proofs without documentation (something Muhammad and Allah were unable to produce) – and that the same goes for any self proclaimed prophet, and especially so if his teachings are very much wanting and he himself a questionable person (like the real Muhammad was). Not to mention "the evidence of the unprejudiced reason" - a meaningless expression in a culture where unprejudiced reason does not exist. This expression in reality in Islam is a claim for "belief on basis of blind belief". But definitions like this frequently are used in Islam and many Muslims really believe this is ok. logic - - - which make straight thinking difficult for them.

  1. There is not one point in the Quran which is proved to be a divine revelation - lots of claims, but not one valid proof.
  2. All the wrong facts and other errors in the Quran prove that the book is not from any god - no divine revelation.
  3. As Muhammad also according to the Quran was unable to make prophesies = he was no prophet. Perhaps a messenger for someone or something or for himself, but no prophet.
  4. Reason - prejudiced or unprejudiced - never is a proof for anything. Reason can make conclusions, but ONLY on basis of facts or proofs - reason itself never is a fact or a proof. This is one of Islam's ways of disusing wrong logic to try to construct "proofs" for Islam, and for the Quran's claimed reliability.

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013 34/43d: "- - - the (worship) our (non-Muslims'*) fathers practiced". This also is what the Muslims do: They without a question practice the worship their fathers believed in and wrote down - taqlid. All the mistakes in the Quran proves there is no god behind the book, and consequently not behind the religion.

###014 43/22c: "We (non-Muslims*) found our fathers following a certain religion, and we do guide ourselves by their footsteps". This also is the reason for why most Muslims believe in Islam: Their parents and others have made them believe it is the truth - no real proof has been given them (because such proofs simply have never existed). And few if any Muslim have ever checked if what their fathers believed, could be true.

###015 43/23b: (A43/23): “Rezi (one of the foremost Muslim scholars through the times*) says: ‘Had there been in the Quran nothing but these verses (43/20-24*), they would have sufficed to show the falsity of the principle postulating blind, unquestioning (by a Muslim) adoption of (another person’s) religious opinions (“ibtal al-qawl bi’t-raqlid”) - - -‘”.

If he had indicated Islam and the fathers and/or the imams, it hardly would be possible to say this more accurate. Islam is to a very large degree based on indoctrination, social and judicial pressure, and glorification of blind belief + even physical threats if you ask "wrong" questions, air a "wrong" fact, or leave the religion. "I believe because my father told his father said the Quran is the truth, and then it must be the truth". Very few Muslims have tried to find out: "What can be true and what not in this book? - and can there then be a god behind it?" Instead the "logic" is: "The Quran is the truth - because so my father and my mullah tell me. How can I then explain away the wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, etc., so that it looks like the Truth?"

##016 43/24b: "Even if I (a self proclaimed prophet in Muhammad's tradition*) brought you (non-Muslims - here pagan Arabs most likely*) a better guidance than that which ye found your fathers following". The Quran is not better than the religion of the old pagan Arabs on the main point: None of them really represented gods - this included Islam, as it is built on a book so full of errors and worse, that no god ever was involved in its making. As for details, the Quran was/is a little better morally on a few points, but worse on others - like the nearly deification of raids and wars mainly for riches, slaves, power and forcing (by weapons or pressure) the new religion on others.

Irony: Islam has for most of its generations been based on taqlid = uncritical acceptance of their fathers’ claims concerning religion.

Sub-total Chapter 27 = 16 + 2.930 = 2.946.


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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".