Allah in the Quran, Chapter 89

 

Chapter 89

ALLAH AND SWEARING

 

001 The Bible tells that you shall not swear, and if you all the same do so, it is a grave sin to break your oath. The Quran accepts the disuse of oaths for a working tool, permitted to use or disuse if there is a reason.

Finally: Always when you read the Quran, Hadiths, and other Islamic books, you should remember that Muhammad accepted the use of and himself used dishonesty in many forms in words and deeds. Even if the names are younger, it was he who institutionalized dishonesty like al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), Hilah (the lawful pretending/circumventing), the use of deceit ("war is deceit" - and "everything" is war), betrayal (f.x. the peace delegation from Khaybar), and even the disuse of oaths (2/225, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2 - and the star case 3/54 (if Allah could cheat, cheating is ok)), which also includes the disuse of words and promises, as they are weaker than oaths = when oaths can be disused, so can words and promises. On top of this it is very clear from the Quran and all other central Islamic books, that Muhammad also liked respect and power and women. Combine these lusts with his acceptance of and personal use of dishonesty - even the gravest kinds: How reliable are that kind of men normally? - and how true and reliable are their never proved claims and tales?

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##002 2/224e: To quote Asad: "The Message of the Quran", footnote A2/212 (to this verse): "- - - there are several authentic Traditions (= Hadiths*) to the effect that the Prophet Muhammad said: 'If anyone takes a solemn oath (easier ones are little binding*) (that he would do or refrain from doing such-and-such a thing), and thereupon realizes that something else would be a more righteous course (or give better result*)) then let him do what is more righteous (or gives a better result*), and let him break his oath and then atone for it". Definitely not compatible with the Bible or with other normal moral codes.

###003 2/224f: The problems with verse 2/224 - and a few similar verses + some similar Hadiths - of course are for one thing that it never is possible quite to trust a Muslim's (included Muhammad's*) word in serious cases - he may see no sin in lying - and for another thing a Muslim has no reasonably reliable way of strengthening his words if he is not believed, no matter if what he says is the full truth - no oath is really reliable. Also see 2/225a below. (That it also contradicts the Bible on this point, is highly unnecessary to say.)

004 2/225a: “Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your heart”. If you swear an oath without thinking it over - or not enough over – you are not bound by it. But how are other people to know if the oath you have made is binding for you or not - or if you will break it? Besides; you may break also a more serious oath if that will give a better result, but you may have to pay expiation to Allah for it. See f.x. 2/224e-f above.

And if you can disuse or break or disuse oaths, you of course also can disuse and break your words and promises, as words and promises are weaker than oaths.

#####005 5/89b: “Allah will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths, but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths: (if you break such one*) for expiation, feed 10 indigent persons, on a scale of the average for the food of your families: or clothe them, or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation for the (breaking of*) oaths ye have sworn. But keep to your oaths.” In principle: Keep your oaths, at least if you meant them. But if you break them, not much is lost, as it is just to pay expiation, and everything is ok. And if the oath was made without thinking things over, you are not even bound by it or bound to pay expiation for it. Guess if this is different from NT! (- and from most other religions included all the big ones!)

No other of the big religions has dishonesty as an integrated and accepted part of the religion - also here remember al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), and Hilah (lawful pretending/circumventing) - and deceit/betrayal (and f.x 2/26h, 2/224e-f, 2/225a, 4/142a, 8/30, 10/21b, 13/42, 27/50, and 86/16) + disuse/breaking of oaths (2/225, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2 - and the star case 3/54 (if Allah can cheat, cheating is ok - but how much is then cheating in the Quran?). Just for the record: Al-Taqiyya and Kitman can be used at least in these cases (for broken oaths there are given no real limitations if the broken oath will give a better result. By implication this also goes for ordinary words and promises, as an oath is something stronger than a normal word or promise):

  1. To save your or others' health or life.
  2. To get out of a tight spot or a dangerous problem.
  3. To make peace in a family.
  4. When it will give a better result than honesty or honoring one’s oath.
  5. To cheat women (should be remembered by girls with Muslim boyfriends wanting sex - or wanting a marriage to get residence permit or work permit in a rich country.)
  6. To deceive opponents/enemies.
  7. To betray enemies.
  8. To secure one’s money (very clear from Hadiths).
  9. To defend Islam. (Recommended if necessary to succeed.)
  10. To promote Islam. (Recommended if necessary to succeed.)

But al-Taqiyya is a double-edged sword: In the short run you may cheat and deceive someone – actually also in the long run if the opposite part does not know about this side of Muslims and of Islam, or if he/she is naïve. But in the long run one learns that there is no way to really be sure a Muslim speaks the full truth - or the truth at all - in serious questions. (This also may be a big problem for Muslims telling the truth about something without being believed - they have no reliable way of strengthening their words.)

006 16/91c: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it". A bit different from in most religions: "Break not your oaths".<(p>

007 16/91d: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it." Part of the basis for the sharia laws. Especially interesting here are the words "after you have confirmed it".

008 16/91e: "- - - break not your oaths after you have confirmed it." Well, Muhammad in the Quran and in Hadiths strongly advices you to break your oath if that gives a better result - pay a "fine" (expiation) to Allah afterwards if necessary. No wonder the Muslim areas are full of conspiracy theories about all and everything; When do the authorities and others speak the truth and when is it an al-Taqiyya (lawful lie) or a Kitman (lawful half-truth) or a Hilah (lawful pretending/circumventing)?

Besides, if you all the same break a serious oath, you blot out the sin by paying expiation afterwards. Very simple. And a very practical moral code. BUT WHO CAN THEN TRUST EVEN THE OATH OF A MUSLIM?

And note the words: "- - - after you have confirmed it". You have to confirm your oath to make it binding (but still breakable if you pay expiation afterwards). A really strong proof for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god - and Jesus and Muhammad not in the same line of anything in the world of morality, not to mention line of prophets (in addition to that Muhammad was no real prophet - he was unable to make prophesies).

###009 16/92a: "Nor take your oaths to practice deception among yourselves - - -". Once more the special moral code on the Quran - most religions in this case say: "Nor take your oaths to practice deception." This wording tells morally weak Muslims (perhaps correctly?) that it may be ok to do so against non-Muslims - cfr. f.x. the reputation the expression "Arab salesmen" had and may be has among sailors.

###010 16/92b: "Nor take your oaths to practice deception among yourselves, lest one party should be more numerous than another". IF YOUR OPPONENT IS STRONGER THAN YOURSELF, YOU ARE PERMITTED TO USE FALSE OATHS EVEN "AMONG YOURSELF (MUSLIMS)" IF YOU FEAR PROBLEMS - - - AND WHAT THEN TOWARDS NON-MUSLIMS!?? (There does exist another claim: It means that you shall not use false oaths to switch to ever stronger alliance partners. But this does not fit the words in the sentence - an "explanation away" of a morally dark spot.)

###011 16/92c: "Nor take your oaths to practice deception among yourselves, lest one party should be more numerous than another". Part of the basis for the sharia laws. See 16/92a+b above - no further comment necessary.

#####012 66/2a: "Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases)- - -". According to other places in the Quran, the cases when you can break your oat without sinning, are:

  1. Oaths you have given without really meaning them.
  2. Oaths where you later see you will get a more satisfactory result if you break your oat. In serious cases, though, you should pay a "fine" - expiation - to Allah to be forgiven".
  3. To promote or defend Islam.

Can anyone please tell us what remains of trustworthiness of a Muslim's words and oaths - especially when you add to this the al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie) and the Kitman (the lawful half-truth), etc., and permitted deceits and betrayals? - and his point of view that "war is deceit" (and everything is war). And much worse in this case: WHAT REMAINS OF MUHAMMAD'S TRUSTWORTHINESS - NOT TO MENTION THE QURAN'S TRUSTWORTHINESS?

##013 66/2b: "Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases)- - -". According to other places in the Quran, the cases when you can break your oat without sinning, are:

  1. Oaths you have given without really meaning them.
  2. Oaths where you later see you will get a more satisfactory result if you break your oat. In serious cases, though, you should pay a "fine" - expiation - to Allah to be forgiven".
  3. To promote or defend Islam.

One of the at least 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god, and Jesus not in any line morally connected to Muhammad. NT tells you not to swear at all (f.x. Matt. 5/34), and that if you do it all the same, you have to keep your word.

Another point is that to forgive - or for that case to punish or reward or fulfill prayers - means for Allah to change his Plan considering the sinner/person, something which according to the Quran nobody and nothing can make him do. See 2/187d above.

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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".