Allah in the Quran, Chapter 1
01 Jan 2015
ALLAH'S HISTORY AND BACKGROUND
001 The pagan god al-Lah is known far back in time. When we first find him in the haze of old prehistory, his name was Il and he was a main and central god. He seems to have originated a bit further east in the Middle East (Mesopotamia/Iraq?), and then drifted into Arabia together with settlers when Arabia was settled. (Arabia was settled simply by people from all around drifting into the empty lands - the Arabs never were a pure and homogenous tribe, but was and is a mixture from neighboring groups and tribes and nationalities - and from people passing through settling or leaving children (remember that before Muhammad "sex and alcohol were the two delicious things" in Arabia), and not to forget from the millions of slave girls/women who were imported from Africa and other places through the centuries. First the coastal area was settled - likely mainly from the vest = Sinai, Egypt, Africa, etc. - and after the domestication of the camel (dromedary) made life possible (in oasis) in the desert, also the interior of the peninsula was settled - and now also from the north and east.))
002 Here we include a small and here irrelevant, but essential piece of information. The dromedary was domesticated sometime between around 2ooo BC and 3500 BC - the exact time is not known (the very first proved case of domesticated dromedary/camel in the Middle East neighborhood, is from Qasr Ibrim in Lower Nubia (east Africa) as late as around 740 BC) - and likely in the coastal area of South Arabia (Oman?). Abraham according to science lived - if he was a real person - around 2ooo-1800 BC (and far from South Arabia). But today - 27. Dec. 2012 - we discovered a small fact we have not been aware of - small, but essential and revealing in this case: THE DROMEARY - THE ARAB CAMEL - DID NOT COME INTO WIDE USE UNTIL AROUND 1OOO-900 BC (around the time of King Solomon) or a bit later! And f.x. the first time camels are known to be used in battle, was Cyrus the Great who used camels against Croesus of Lydia in 547 BC, AND THEN TRANSPORT DROMEDARIES, NOT RIDING ONES WERE USED. (Horses not used to camels were frightened by them, and this made problems for the cavalry of Croesus.) This means that as late as in 547 BC - some 1300 years after Abraham - riding camels were not widely enough used to be a factor in daily life (if they had been, riding dromedaries had been used by Cyrus instead transport ones). Camels are mentioned in the Books of Moses, too, but this is reckoned by science to be one of the proofs for that those books are written long after Moses.
003 This means that Abraham did not have camels, and definitely not riding camels. Which makes his claimed trip with his animals to the lonesome, waterless and empty desert valley where Mecca later grew up, physically impossible, his claimed building of the big Kabah hundreds of miles and more in kilometers from home, even more meaningless as he could not go back and forth between his home and his temple, and his claimed visits there later as hopeless a Muslim claim as his first claimed trip.
004 THIS MEANS HE NEVER VISITED MECCA, AND NEVER LEFT HAGAR AND ISHMAEL IN THAT VALLEY, THAT HE NEVER BUILT THE KABAH, AND THAT HE NEVER VISITED THE PLACE LATER,TOO. We have said the same before, but without the camel/dromedary Muhammad's claims about Abraham going to that dry desert valley to leave Hagar and Ishmael, and later to build the Kabah, and then to visit the place now and then, move from extremely improbable to physically impossible.
005 We also quote science's careful words: "There is no reason to believe Abraham ever visited Arabia, and it is highly unlikely he ever did so".
006 Well, slowly Il's name became al-Ilah, and at least in the southern parts of Arabia he became the moon god - the moon was a god to them, like to so many other primitive people in hot countries (it is not a co-incidence that the crescent moon is the symbol for Allah and for Islam). Over more time the name drifted into the easier to pronounce al-Lah (which simply means "the god" - not "god" or "God" but "the god"), and at the time of Muhammad the name had partly drifted on into Allah (al-Lah still was the main pronunciation, but the pronunciation Allah was well known, too), and he was the main pagan god among 300-400 smaller gods (it is said 360 were represented in the temple Kabah (which means "the cube") in Mecca). And there were speculations among Arabs that al-Lah/Allah might be the same god as the old Jewish (and Christian) god Yahweh. There also is the possibility that Hubal at the time of Muhammad was a third name for al-Lah/Allah.
007 Muhammad took over the pagan god, accepted only the name Allah, and declared that all other gods were made up and false gods, except Yahweh, whom he declared was just another name for his god Allah. (This last declaration is wrong, unless the god is strongly schizophrenic - both the two gods, their teachings, their moral codes, etc. are by far too different, and too fundamentally different, for that never proved declaration to be true, unless the god has a serious mental illness. Muhammad and Islam explained the problem away with the never documented claim that the Bible is falsified, but this claim is proved wrong by science, and even stronger by Islam - as Islam have tried stronger - by the fact that among some 45ooo (the number may vary some) relevant manuscripts and fragments older than 610 AD (when Muhammad started his mission) not one proved falsification is found - some mistakes, but not one proved falsification (and not even one fragment from something like the Quran older than 610 AD, even though Muhammad claimed that all old prophets/messengers - 124ooo (= 620 at any time for 5ooo years or 12-15 for 160-200ooo years. No traces from them found. Believe it if you can.) or more according to Hadiths - each received a copy, which each likely was copied many times over, like normal for central religious scriptures in the old times).
008 When Muhammad took over Mecca in 630 AD, history tells that he destroyed all the statues and idols of the gods in and outside the Kabah. It is specified that he destroyed the ones of Hubal and of the 3 goddesses al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat, but as far as we have found, not one word is said about a statue or an idol showing al-Lah/Allah, (and Muhammad prohibited and destroyed all statues and pictures of all gods, included of Allah, this is one of the indications for that Hubal may have been another name for Allah).
009 Allah thus originally was a pagan god, but claimed (Muhammad always only claimed or stated, he never proved anything essential - oh, he used words like "sign" and "proof" often, but there is not one valid proof for any central religious point or claim in the entire Quran or Islam) by Muhammad to be the only and the real god. Muhammad also took over most of the old pagan rites connected to al-Lah/Allah and to the Kabah and claimed them to be holy. Perhaps he just was lucky being born in the only country, and the only part of that country, which had most of its old pagan rites, etc. correct according to the taste of the universal(?) god?
010 Among all this it is worth remembering Muhammad's, the Quran's, and Islam's point of view on honesty: al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), Hilah (the lawful pretending/circumventing), acceptance of use of deceit and betrayal, and acceptance of breaking even oaths (2/225, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2 - and the star case 3/54 (if Allah can cheat, cheating is ok - but how much cheating is it then in the Quran? - by Allah or by Muhammad) as working tools. Rules for acceptance of the use of dishonesty you find in no other big religion. Because of this acceptance of the use of dishonesty, it is a very open question how much of what Muhammad - a man who wanted power and liked respect and women - told, is true. That much is untrue, is very clear and proved (see the chapter about Muhammad lying in the Quran), but how much you will have to decide yourself. But you should remember that on the background of Muhammad's and Islam's acceptance of the use of dishonesty as working tools, one true name for the religion would be "The Religion of Dishonesty".
- 011 Is Allah phantasy? - or a made up god? - a pagan god? - a real god? Here we among other problems meet the problem of "The Religion of Dishonesty" - are any of the claims true, or are they only "working tools"?
012 What is absolutely sure, is that no book as full of mistaken fact, other errors, invalid logic, contradictions, etc. as the Quran, ever came from a god. Thus either Allah delivered the Quran and is no god. Or somebody - dark forces or human(s) - made up the book, and then we have no real knowledge about Allah, as the tales about him are made up - we do not even really know if he exists or not. He f.x. may be the same god as Yahweh/God, but wrongly described by dark forces or human(s) in a made up Quran.
Or he may not even exist.
One small point:
013 The oldest name we know for Yahweh/God is El. We still find this old name used as part of words related to God; Betel, Israel, etc. where -el is attached in the end of words to show a relationship to God. Further the Bible indicates that Abraham originally came from the south of what is now Iraq (or its neighborhood), and brought his god to what is now Israel.
014 The oldest name we know for Allah is Il, and also he originally was imported from the east - to Arabia. "The east" here likely means Iraq or its neighborhood.
015 Both the names and the origins are so similar that it is easy to suspect that the two originally were the same god in a very distant past somewhere in that region. But in that case the traditions and teachings drifted apart over centuries and millennia and became very different religions and gods. A Jew or a Christian may in case explain that El/Yahweh/God was and is the same god Abraham met, and the true and real god, whereas Il/al-Ilah/Al-Lah drifted away and slowly became a pagan religion.
016 Then arrives Islam. It is so different from both the old Arab religion and from Yahweh/God, that it represents a clear break compared to the old - be it El/Yahweh/God or Il/al-Ilah/al-Lah. In spite of Muhammad's claims, Islam has little if any real relationship, except for some superficial similarities, and is not part of any of the old religions, but something new, even if it has borrowed points from both religions. Muhammad's Allah is something new and very different from both Il/al-Ilah/al-Lah and from El/Yahweh/God, and is a god so different that he has no real connection to any of them, even though here like said are some superficial similarities. (And as the Quran is so full of wrong facts, contradictions, other errors, etc. that no god has delivered it, Muhammad's Allah likely is a made up "god").
017 It is pretty thought provoking that f.x. all the errors, contradictions, wrong facts, etc., only and alone, in the Quran prove 100% that there is no god behind that book. And that f.x. the fact that Jesus accepted OT as correct, proves to both Christians and Muslims that the OT was not falsified at that time - and that the Qumran scrolls prove that even OT was not falsified any time later, too.
018 ####### Another - and serious - point is that to "explain" that the Quran means something different from what it really says, is to corrupt and falsify it.
019 Also: What is sure, is that no god ever made a holy book as full of wrong facts, other errors, contradictions, unclear language, etc. like the Quran. ###### Besides: Which one of the 20-30 known versions accepted by Islam of the Quran (see 15/9c) - if any (and there were even more versions through the times) - is in case the correct one?
020 Finally: Always when you read the Quran, Hadiths, and other Islamic books, you should remember that Muhammad accepted the use of and himself used dishonesty in many forms in words and deeds. Even if the names are younger, it was he who institutionalized dishonesty like al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie), Kitman (the lawful half-truth), Hilah (the lawful pretending/circumventing), the use of deceit ("war is deceit" - and "everything" is war), betrayal (f.x. the peace delegation from Khaybar), and even the disuse of oaths (2/225, 5/89, 16/91, 66/2 - and the star case 3/54 (if Allah could cheat, cheating is ok)), which also includes the disuse of words and promises, as they are weaker than oaths = when oaths can be disused, so can words and promises. On top of this it is very clear from the Quran and all other central Islamic books, that Muhammad also liked respect and power and women. Combine these lusts with his acceptance of and personal use of dishonesty - even the gravest kinds: How reliable is that kind of men normally? - and how true and reliable are their never proved claims and tales?
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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".