1000+ Comments on the Quran: Surah 53 -- AM-MAJM (The Star)
20 June 2012
Revelation: Mecca, 612 - 615 AD.
(See general comments on Surahs here: Introduction)
The quotes and comments
001 "In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful". Please read the surahs from Medina, the immoral parts of the Muslim moral code, the unjust/immoral parts of sharia, and the Quran's rules for lying, thieving/looting, enslaving, raids and wars, plus the rules for treatment of girls and women - free and captured - and see if you agree. Always when there is a distance between words and corresponding demands and deeds, we personally believe in the demands and deeds. Glorious words are cheap, demands and deeds are reliable. Glorifying words and claims are too cheap for anyone to use and disuse - when you read, judge from realities, not from propaganda.
002 51/1a: "By the Stars - - -". Allah is swearing by the Stars. Normally when a sentence in the Quran starts with "by", it is an oath. One of the 100% proof for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same gods, because Yahweh strictly says you shall not swear (Matt. 5/34), and as this is said via Jesus, it also proves that Jesus and Muhammad does not belong in the same group. Further the Bible makes it clear that if you all the same swear, you have to keep your oath, whereas Allah permits even oaths to be broken - pay expiation if it was a serious oath - another proof for the same.
003 53/1b: (YA5085): “By the star - - -“. The Arab word “najm” has many meanings – it f. x. may mean a star (any star) or it may mean the Pleiades (the “7-stars”). Clear language in the Quran? Also see 53/1f below.
004 53/1c: (A53/1): “By the star as it goes down - - -.” But the Arab word “najm” may also mean “unfolding” – something that appears gradually. And then another meaning appears: “Consider this unfolding (of Allah’s message (the Quran*)), as it comes down from the high!” The “down-to-earth” scholars mostly go for the first one, some others for the second one – wishful thinking may sometimes have strong influence. Also see 53/1f below.
005 53/1d: (YA5085): “By the star as it goes down - - -.” But even if the Arab word “hawa” may mean “go down” or “set”, it also may mean “rise”. A pretty confusing language used by Allah – or by someone. Also see 53/1f below.
006 53/1e: M. Asad - English 2008 edition: "Consider this unfolding - - -". A very different meaning, and even more so as it is no oath any more. Also see 53/1f below.
007 53/1f: M. Asad - English 2008 edition: "Consider this unfolding (of Allah's message), as it comes down from the high!" Can this be the same Arab sentence like what is translated above?
p>008 53/1g: (A53/1 - English 2008 edition): "Consider the star when it sets". Guess if the clear Arab language in the Quran has many meanings! It is unbelievable that a claimed clear, concise and easy to understand language can have so many meanings, and that Islam and its Muslims still and with a straight face claims that it is "clear, concise and impossible to misunderstand".
*009 53/2a: “Your (Muslims/Arabs/people*) Champion - - -". Here: Muhammad.
*010 53/2b: “Your Champion is neither astray nor being misled.” Many skeptics thought this about Muhammad. All the mistakes, etc. proved that he at least was somewhat - or more - astray. Though all the hallmarks of a cheat, deceiver and swindler may indicate that may be he was not misled - that those last 3 words may be true, as may be he was misleading. There also is the question of TLE (Temporal Lobe Epilepsy) which in case will explain much.
011 53/2c: "Your Companion (Muhammad*) - - -". Historical anomalies.
012 53/3: “Nor does he (Muhammad*) say (aught) of (his own) desire”. It will take strong proofs to prove that surahs like no. 66 or no. 111 are worthy of a god and belongs in a revered Mother Book in Paradise - one that may be has existed since eternity. And also to prove they are worthy a book revered by an omniscient and omnipotent god. And what about "the Mother Book"/the Quran repeatedly solving Muhammad's domestic problems?
Not to mention how strong proofs it takes to prove that a god sent down all those mistakes, contradictions, etc.
And as for prophesies few things Muhammad said, came true – like it has to do for a person saying many things through many years – and most of what he said that did not come true, was forgotten (also this is what normally happens). The main things here are that Muhammad never indicated that anything of what he said was meant as prophesies, he never indicated, not to mention pretended to or claimed, that he had the gift of prophesying, that it nowhere is documented that all/most of what he said about the future came true (point 2 in the definition of a prophet), and finally both he and Islam said and say that there were no miracles connected to Muhammad “except the Quran” – prophesying is a kind of miracle. (This fact also is a solid proof for that all the miracles connected to Muhammad mentioned in the Hadiths, are made up stories). Also see 30/40a and 30/46a above.
Muhammad in reality simply was no real prophet. Perhaps a messenger for someone or something or for himself – or perhaps an apostle – but not a real prophet. He only “borrowed” that impressive and imposing title. It is up to anyone to guess why.
What is for sure: All the mistakes, contradictions, cases of invalid logic and of unclear language definitely are from no god's desire - an omniscient god makes perfect texts.
013 53/3-4: "Nor does he (Muhammad*) say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him". This means that everything Muhammad said, in reality was inspired by Allah, and thus Allah's words - which means that also Sunna (Hadiths) can abrogate the Quran and the other way around. But no omniscient god would need to abrogate himself. And in the Quran there are a number of abrogations - lots of them.
It seems that abrogation is/was used mainly in these cases:
When Muhammad or Allah had said (Quran mainly) or done (Hadith often) something he/they later found was not wise - like the Satanic Verses.
When Muhammad found that he had forgotten verses - this happened according to Hadith. F. x. al-Bukhari (3/223 and 8/91): ”Aisha (one of Muhammad’s wives*) said: ’(Muhammad said*): - - - he (a man*) reminded me of such and such verses I had dropped from Surah so and so”.
When Muhammad/Allah found that what he/they had ordained for the Muslims was more than they would accept: Spoils of war belonged to Allah - but it was changed to 20% for Allah and 80% for his men. Praying much of the night, was reduced to less. And each Muslim capable to fight 10 “infidels”, was reduced to 2 “infidels”, etc. But why did not an omniscient god know this from the start?
When Muhammad/Allah wanted a rule changed- f. ex. less and less alcohol, or more and more war. (According to Ibn ’Arabi “'The verse of the sword’ has abrogated 124 verses” - mainly all the peaceful ones.) But why did not an omniscient god know the best rule from the very beginning?
When Muhammad himself did things differently from his own teachings, his deeds became an abrogation of the Quran. The Quran f.x. prescribes whipping of adulterers, whereas the praxis some places even today is stoning - at least of the woman. The reason is said to be that Muhammad himself practiced stoning - even took part in it personally. His praxis of murdering opponents also made good examples for the future. (There also is a rumor in Islam that there was a verse demanding stoning for illegal sex, but that this verse in case was one of those which were omitted when Uthman had the official Quran made.) The same goes for torture. And murder - though that also was prescribed. There also is f.x. the case of donkey meat – it is not prohibited by the Quran, but Muhammad prohibited it during a war campaign – and forever - according to Hadiths.
The use of abrogation forever was - and is - a problem for Islam. The reason is that with the exception of the “satanic verses” and possible other verses which were abrogated and told by Muhammad to be forgotten - and verses forgotten or for other reasons omitted from the Quran by caliph Uthman and his men when making the “final” Quran in the 650s AD (persistent rumors in Islam tells that some 100 verses were forgotten or for other reasons omitted) - the abrogated verses remain in the book, and much worse: As mentioned above it is often highly unclear which verses are abrogated and invalid, and which are not. Some Muslims say nothing is abrogated (which is a dream made up because abrogation really is not worthy an omniscient god, and raises serious doubts about the god Allah, his omniscience and his powers and his existence, and perhaps also because many people needs something absolute to believe in or rely on) but it only is a dream. The reality is abrogation. The only question is how many verses? As mentioned there are numbers from 5 to 500, but realistic may be 200 - 300 or some more (up to 500) - it depends on how strict the reader is. Muslims tend to find fewer abrogated verses than others - 100 or more are not uncommon - perhaps because they are reluctant to admit unnecessary weaknesses in their god and their religion - - - though Ibn Arabi said about the famous and infamous “verse of the sword” (surah 9/5 “- - - fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them - - -”): "The verse of ‘the sword’ has abrogated 124 verses” - f.x. all the peaceful ones about non-Muslims and about no compulsion in religion. And that was only the “sword verse” - there are many more.
The problem with not knowing which verses are abrogated and which not, is exacerbated by the fact that even the verses Muslim scholars agree on are abrogated, remains in the Quran - they cannot be taken out, because Allah sent it down like that, and men cannot correct his mistakes or what to call it.
Some of the serious results of the uncertainty around abrogated verses are:
It is difficult to be a judge when you do not for sure know which verses relevant for a case are abrogated and invalid, and which not. How to judge when you know the dictator of your country has nullified paragraphs in the constitution of the country, but without it is possible for you to know for sure which ones and how many?
Many Muslims honestly believe Islam is a peaceful religion because they do not know or do not believe/accept that the peaceful verses are abrogated. They even may be insulted when being told the opposite. And we non-Muslims should remember that this honest belief leads to a use of their religion which makes these groups of Muslims no danger for their surroundings (but of course our problem is to know who of them are honest and who not).
It is easy to defend - or make propaganda for - Islam by pointing to peaceful verses without even mentioning the word “abrogation”. Many non-Muslims look at the verse and – not knowing the abrogating rule and verses – believes it.
A lot of naïve non-Muslims with superficial knowledge about Islam easily accepts and tells about the peaceful real Islam - often as opposed to other religions. They simply do not know that Islam started as a mainly peaceful religion, but was transferred to one of hate, stealing, rape, suppression, blood and war around and after 622 AD when Muhammad became strong enough and in addition needed first highwaymen and then warriors.
014 53/4: "It (the surahs*) is no less than inspiration sent down to him (Muhammad*) - - -". May be true, but from whom? - not from a god with all those mistakes. Then may be from a sick brain (f.x. TLE - Temporal Lobe Epilepsy - like modern medical science suspects)? From dark forces? From a cold brain? - few things are as easy as claimed "inspiration" to manipulate. The word "inspiration" also never is used in such connection in the Bible. On the contrary the Bible stated that Yahweh used direct contact, visions, or dreams (4. Mos. 12/6-8). One more indication for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.
015 53/5a: "He (Muhammad*) was thought by one Mighty in Power (Allah*)". Wrong. No god ever was the teacher of so many mistakes, so many contradictions, so many cases of wrong logic, so many cases of unclear language, etc.
016 53/5b: “- - - one Mighty in Power (Allah - by means of the Angel Gabriel*) - - -.” But is Allah mighty in power? – there is not one single proof for that. Lots and lots of words – even big words – but not one single proof. NB: It also may be that "one mighty in power) here means the angel Gabriel himself, not Allah.
017 53/6: “(Allah is*) Endued with Wisdom - - -”. See 13/1g and 40/75 above. But also see 53/5b just above.
018 53/6-9: "he" in these 4 verses is the angel Gabriel. It may be noteworthy that even as often as Gabriel is mentioned as the one giving Muhammad his claimed messages, Muslim scholars say Muhammad saw him "in his real shape" only 2 times - once early during Muhammad's claimed mission, and once during Muhammad's claimed trip to the 7 heavens (a trip which most likely was a dream - f.x. his pet wife and famous child wife Aishah, told that he never left her bed that night, according to Hadiths.)
019 53/9: "- - - two bow-lengths - - -" or perhaps (YA5089) "The length of*) two bow-shots - - -". There is a difference between these two meanings!
020 53/10a: "- - - so did "Allah)convey the inspiration (surahs*) to His Servant (Muhammad*) - - -". No god ever conveyed that much wrong information to anyone.
021 53/10b: "- - - inspiration - - -". See 53/4 above.
022 53/10c: " - - - His (Allah's*) Servant (Muhammad*) - - -". No omniscient god had a servant telling so much wrong as Muhammad did.
023 53/10d: " - - - His (Allah's*) Servant (Muhammad*) - - -". A special version of Muhammad's main mantra for gluing himself to Allah and ultimate power.
024 53/10e: " - - - His (Allah's*) Servant (Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.
025 53/10f: "- - - (conveying (to Muhammad*)) what He (Allah*) (meant) to convey". Knowing all the mistakes, etc. in the Quran, this is unintended irony and an as unintended black joke. No omniscient god ever intended to make so much wrong or to make hundreds and hundreds of mistakes, etc. as a basis for his own holy book.
026 53/11a: “The (Prophet’s (Muhammad’s*)) - - -.” But Muhammad was no real prophet. The definition of a prophet was a person who could see at least parts of the unseen, and thus a person who:
Has the gift of and close enough connection to a god for making prophesies.
Makes prophesies which always or at least mostly come true.
Makes so frequent and/or essential prophesies, that it is a clear part of his mission.
A few things Muhammad said, came true – like it has to do for any person saying many things through many years – and most of what he said which did not come true, was forgotten (also this is what normally happens if it is nothing spectacular). But he did not guess the future correctly often - actually he statistically and according to the laws of probability should have "hit the mark" far more often by sheer chance than he did - there just are a few cases where Muslims will claim he foretold something correctly, and few if any of them are "perfect hits". But then the Quran makes it pretty clear that even though he was intelligent, he had little fantasy, and that he also was nearly unable to make innovative thinking (nearly all his tales and his ideas in reality were "borrowed" ones - though often twisted to fit his new religion).
The main things here are that Muhammad never indicated that anything of what he said was meant as prophesies, that he never indicated, not to mention claimed, that he had the gift of prophesying - of "seeing the unseen" - that it nowhere is documented that all/most of what he said about the future came true (point 2 above), and finally that both he and Islam said and says that Muhammad was unable to see the unseen (extra revealing here is that the old Biblical title for a prophet, was "a seer" - one who saw the unseen (f.x. 1. Sam. 9/9)) and also that Islam even today admits there were no miracles connected to Muhammad “except the Quran” (prophesying is a kind of miracle - seeing what has not yet happened). (This fact that Islam admits there were no miracles connected to Muhammad "except the revelation of the Quran" also is a solid proof for that all the miracles connected to Muhammad mentioned in the Hadiths, are made up stories - but all the same many a mullah and imam and scholar use these stories, which Islam admits are made up ones, as "proofs" for that Muhammad had supernatural powers and was a prophet. Honesty is not the strong side of Muslim religious leaders.) Also see 30/40a and 30/46a, and we also should add that his favorite wife (and infamous child wife) Aishah according to Hadiths (f.x. Al-Bukhari) stated that anyone saying Muhammad could foresee things, were wrong.
Verse 7/188b also is very relevant here: "If I (Muhammad*) had knowledge of the Unseen (= what is hidden or what has not happened yet*), I should have - - -". IT IS VERY CLEAR THAT MUHAMMAD DID NOT HAVE THE PROPHETS' ABILITY TO SEE "THE UNSEEN" - he was no real prophet. Similar in 6/50a, 7/188b, 10/20c+d, 10/49a+b, and 72/26.
As mentioned: Also relevant here is that the original title of the Jewish prophets as mentioned was not "prophet" but "seer" - one who saw at least parts of the unseen. (F.x. 1. Sam. 9/9#, 1. Sam. 9/11, 1. Sam. 9/18, 1. Sam. 9/19, 2. Kings. 17/13, 1. Chr. 9/22, 1. Chr. 26/28, 1. Chr. 29/29, 2. Chr. 9/29, 2. Chr. 16/7, 2. Chr.16/10, 2. Chr. 19/2, 2. Chr. 29/25, Amos 7/12, Mic. 3/7 - some places the two titles even are used side by side). Muhammad thus so definitely was no seer - prophet - even according to his own words; he had no "knowledge of the unseen". One more proof for that he was not in the same line - not to say league - as Jesus, if the Bible and/or the Quran tell the truth about Jesus on this point.
Many liked - and like - the title prophet, and there have been made other definitions for this title - the most common of these are "one who brings messages from a god", or "one who represents a god", or "one who acts/talks on behalf of a god". But the fact remains: Without being able to prophesy, he or she is no real prophet. A messenger for someone or something - ok. An apostle - ok. But not a real prophet.
***This is a fact no Muslim will admit: Muhammad in reality simply was no real prophet or seer. Perhaps a messenger for someone or something or for himself – or perhaps an apostle – but not a real prophet. He only “borrowed” that impressive and imposing title. It is up to anyone to guess why.
It also is remarkable that Muhammad relatively seldom used the title "prophet" about himself in the Quran. He mostly used the title "Messenger", even though messenger in reality means an errand-boy (Muslims try to make this title something big and imposing, but this is the meaning of it). "Prophet" on the other hand is a heavy and impressive title telling a lot about the person. May the reason for why he did not use it so often, be that he knew he did not have what it took to merit that title, and was a little careful using it, so as not to provoke questions or comments? (And is this also the reason why Muslims try to pretend that "messenger" is something more impressive and heavy than "prophet"?)
Also see 30/40h and 30/47b above.
#027 53/11b: “The (Prophet’s (Muhammad’s*)) (mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw.” If the Quran is fundamentally different from the Bible, and the Bible is not falsified according to science – in spite of Islam’s not documented claims - what explanations are then left for the differences between f.x. what Muhammad claimed the Bible said and what it really said? This simply is one of Muhammad's many, many never proved claims - he never was able to prove anything a t all concerning the main point of his religion.
#028 53/12a: "Will ye (people*) the dispute with him (Muhammad*) what he saw?" There are reasons for disputing, partly because many of his tales are wrong, and partly because modern medical science have a strong suspicion about TLE (Temporal Lobe Epilepsy) which in many cases can give such religious "experiences".
029 53/12b: "Will ye (people*) the dispute with him (Muhammad*) - - -". Historical anomalies.
030 54/13a: "For indeed he (Muhammad*) saw him (Gabriel*) - - -". A historical anomaly.
031 53/13b: "For indeed he (Muhammad*) saw him (the angel Gabriel*) at a second descent". What the Quran here says, it that Muhammad saw Gabriel coming down for a second time. But some scholars claim that what it really means (f. x. A53/9 - in the English 2008 edition 53/10 and changed explanation) is that Muhammad saw Gabriel in his real shape for the second time - like so often it seems that Allah was unable to express himself clearly and correctly, and has to be corrected by humans. As for "second descent" - see 53/6-9 above.
032 54/13c: "For indeed he (Muhammad*) saw him (Gabriel*) at a second descent - - -". This was at the start of Muhammad's claimed or dreamed trip to the 7 (not existing) heavens, according to many Muslim scholars..
033 53/13d: "- - - indeed - - -". See 49/13b above.
034 53/14: "- - - the Lote-tree - - -". This is a thorny bush without edible fruits. The Latin name is Zizyphus Spina Christi because the crown of Christ - Jesus - before he was crucified, was said to be from this bush.
035 53/15: "- - - the Garden of Abode - 'Jannat-al-Ma'wa'". It is unclear what this means. Some Muslim scholars think the souls of Muslims find their abode there, but nothing is clear about this verse.
036 53/16a: "- - - the Lote-tree - - -". See 53/14 above.
037 53/16b: Yusuf Ali: "Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in a mystery unspeakable)".
(Swedish 2002 edition): "- - - and the Lote-tree was bathed (in a strong light)".
(English 2008 edition): "- - - with the lote-tree in a veil of nameless splendor".
(Literal meaning - translated from Swedish - A53/11): "- - - (the lote-tree) was veiled in whatever veiled it".
No comments neither about the clear language in the Quran, nor about the honesty of some Muslim translators.
038 53/17: "(His (Muhammad's*)) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong!" How then explain all the mistakes. etc. in the Quran?
039 53/18a: "- - - truly - - -". See 49/13b above.
040 53/18b: “- - - Signs of his (Muhammad's*) Lord (Allah*) - - -.” Invalid as proof for Allah. See 2/39b above.
041 53/18c: "- - - (Allah*) the Greatest - - -". Contradicted by the Bible, which says Yahweh is the greatest. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
####042 53/19-21: "Have ye (people/Muslims*) seen al-Lat and al 'Uzza, And another, the third (goddess) Manat?" This is the start of the famous Satanic Verses. They continued by telling that these goddesses might be good to know. Muhammad was promised a good reward from the leaders in Mecca if he accepted these goddesses - which he for a short while did. But then he got cold feet and/or changed his mind.
####043 53/19-22a: "Have ye (people/Muslims*) seen al-Lat and al 'Uzza, And another, the third (goddess) Manat? What! For you the male sex (of children*), and for Him (Allah), the female? Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair." This was the rather lame way out, after he had blamed the Devil for having cheated him. And once more this argument that women were so little worth, that it must be wrong that a god had daughters.
#####044 53/19-22b: "Have ye (people/Muslims*) seen al-Lat and al 'Uzza, And another, the third (goddess) Manat? What! For you the male sex (of children*), and for Him (Allah), the female? Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair." These were the "Satanic Verses" - after Muhammad had revised them.
**045 53/19-20: "- - - al-Lat - - - al 'Uzza - - - Manat - - -". These were the 3 main deities after the top god, al-Lah, in the old pagan Arabia. They were reckoned to be the daughters of al-Lat - the god Muhammad renamed and promoted to a monotheistic god.
046 53/21: “What! For you (Muslims*) the male sex (sons*) and for Him (Allah*), the female (daughters)?”. In praxis like 52/39 above.
047 53/22: "- - - such (daughters instead of sons*) would be indeed a division most unfair!" Muhammad was living in a society where women were of zero or negative value, and this is mirrored in his teaching.
048 53/23a: "These (other gods than Allah*) are nothing but names which ye (non-Muslims*) have devised". This may or may not be true - it depends on if there are real other gods, f.x. Yahweh. But the obvious contra-question is: Is Allah more than a name?
049 53/23b: "- - - for which Allah has sent down no authority (whatever)". Allah has no authority whatever to send down if he does not exist or if he is no major god, none of which is proved - there only are Muhammad's undocumented and little reliable words for it. A man believing in the use of lies, broken oaths, etc. and wanting power and riches - at least for bribes - and dozens of women, is not very reliable.
050 53/23c: "They (non-Muslims*) follow nothing but conjecture and what their souls desire!" Another never proved claim - from a claimed prophet whose desire was power, riches (at least for bribes) and lots of women. And the relevant counter-Question is: Was and is Allah anything but a conjecture from Muhammad's brain and perhaps wishful thinking and desire? - nothing was ever proved about this claimed god.
051 53/23d: "- - - there has already come to them (people/non-Muslims*) Guidance from their Lord (Allah*)". Wrong. No omniscient, benevolent god ever sent guidance like pretended given in the Quran.
052 53/23e: "- - - Guidance - - -". See 7/192a and 16/107 above.
053 53/25a: "But it is to Allah that the End and the Beginning (of all things) belong". Similar often claimed in the Quran, but never proved.
054 53/25b: "But it is to Allah that the End and the Beginning (of all things) belong". Contradicted by the Bible. which says it belongs to Yahweh, not to Allah. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
055 53/26a: "However many be the angels in the heavens, their intercession will avail nothing, except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases - - -". Other places in the Quran states that there will be no intercessors, but at least there are, if Allah permits.
056 53/26b: “- - - heavens - - -.” Plural and wrong. See 2/22d.
057 53/27a: "Those who believe not in the Hereafter - - -". One of Muhammad's many negative names for non-Muslims.
058 53/27b: "Those who believe not in the Hereafter - - -". Here is intended the non-Muslims, but it is wrong, as most religions believe in a hereafter.
059 53/27c: "- - - name the angels with female names". The old Arabs believed that also the angels (in addition to the main goddesses) were the daughters of their foremost god, al-Lah - the same god Muhammad renamed Allah.
060 53/27d: "- - - (non-Muslims*) name the angels with female names". See 50/2a above.
061 53/28a: “But they (opponents of Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.
062 53/28b: (A53/21): “But they (opponents of Muhammad*) have no knowledge therein (the gender of angels, etc.*).” But the Arab pronoun “hi” perhaps do not point to the angels. Perhaps it point to Allah (M. Asad). In that case the sentence means: “But they have no knowledge whatever about Allah.” Clear speech?
063 53/28c: "- - - knowledge - - -". See 26/83a above.
064 53/28d: “- - - conjecture avails nothing against Truth (the Quran*)”. Actually that is the question concerning the Quran: How much is true and how much is conjecture - and how much is not even that? See 13/1g and 40/75 above. And if it is true that there is a next life, how much will the Islam avail if the Quran is partly - not to mention if it is completely - conjecture, something which is very likely as no god is involved in a book so full of mistakes and worse like the Quran. If f.x. NT should happen to be true - and both science and Islam have thoroughly proved it at least is not falsified - there are not many Muslims who will end up a good place if there is a next life. If the Mosaic religion or Buddhism is what is true, they may fare a little better, but just a little. If other religions - f.x. Hinduism - are true, it is anybody's guess how believing Muslims will fare. What is sure, is that persons practicing a war, brutality and hate religion like Islam, will not be in a good position if they arrive in a next life and find it is ruled by a good and benevolent god. (In the Quran the nice and glorious words tell one tale, the reality, demands, introduced rules and moral code, and orders tall quite another. Any time and anywhere we find words and reality contradicting each others, we believe in the reality
065 53/28e: "- - - the Truth". See 2/2b, 13/1g and 40/75 above.
066 53/29a: “Therefore shun those who turn away from Our (Muhammad’s*) Message - - -.” That was Muhammad’s words around 612 – 615 AD. 10 years lager the “melody” changed. Comments like 52/47 above. This verse is contradicted and often “killed” by at least these verses: 2/191, 2/193, 3/28, 3/85, 3/148, 4/81, 4/90, 5/33, 5/72, 5/73, 8/12, 8/38-39 (the warning), 8/39, 8/60, 9/3, 9/5, 9/14, 9/23, 9/29, 9/33, 9/73, 9/123, 25/36, 25/52, 33/61, 33/73, 35/36, 47/4, 66/9. This includes many advising or permitting political, social, economical, etc. compulsion (with the sword in the background if you protest) – we mention a few here: 3/28, 3/85, 3/148, 4/81, 5/72, 5/73, 9/23, 14/7, 15/3, 33/73, 35/36. They are all quoted under 2/256. (At least 29 contradictions).
067 53/29b: “- - - shun those who turn away from Our (Allah’s) Message - - -”. = Shun the non-Muslims.
068 53/29c: "- - - those who turn away from Our (Allah's*) Message". Yet another of Muhammad's many - in Muslims' ears - negative names for non-Muslims.
069 53/29d: "- - - Our (Allah's*) Message (the Quran*) - - -". No omniscient god ever was involved in a book of a quality like in the Quran.
070 53/29e: "- - - Message - - -". Is it really a message? - or is it something home-made. And if it is a message, then from whom, as no god ever delivered a book of a quality like the Quran?
071 53/30a: "- - - knowledge - - -". See 26/83a above.
072 53/30b: "Verily - - -". See 49/13c above.
073 53/30c: "- - - (Allah*) knoweth best those who stray from His Path, and He knoweth best those who receive guidance. See 2/233h above.
074 53/30d: "- - - those who stray from His (Allah's*) Path". Yet another of Muhammad's many - in Muslims' ears - negative names for non-Muslims.
075 53/30e "- - - His (Allah's*) Path - - -". The road to the Quran's Paradise - see 10/9f above.
076 53/30f: "- - - those who receive guidance (Islam*)". Muslims.
077 53/30g: "- - - guidance". See 7/192a and 16/107 above.
078 53/31a: "- - - to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens (plural and wrong*) and on earth - - -". Often claimed in the Quran, never proved anywhere.
079 53/31b: "- - - to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens (plural and wrong*) and on earth - - -". Contradicted by the Bible, which says it belongs to Yahweh. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
080 53/31c: “- - - heavens - - -.” Plural and wrong. See 2/22d.
081 53/31d: "- - - He (Allah*) rewards those who do evil (by sending them to Hell*) - - -". Only if he exists and is a god powerful enough to do this.
082 53/31e: "- - - He (Allah*) rewards those who do evil, according to their deeds - - -". How can this be fair, if Allah predestines every detail of everybody's life like the Quran many places claims? - yes, even if he predestines only some of it, like some Muslims claim to try to explain away things - in contradiction to the Quran's very clear words? (And for that case: How can it be fair to reward for good deeds Allah has forced the doers to do?)
083 53/31f: "- - - He (Allah*) rewards those who do evil, according to their deeds - - -". "Technically" this it is possible to vary both the punishment and the reward, as Islam's Hell consists of 7 parts, one more sadistic than the next, and Paradise consists of 4 or 6 or more gardens, each better than the other + the higher heavens - this mainly according to Hadiths.
084 53/31g: "- - - do evil - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses expressions like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. Compare the Quran's moral code with "do against others like you want others do against you" and weep.
085 53/31h: "- - - He (Allah*) rewards those who do good, with what is best.". How can this be fair, if Allah predestines every detail of everybody's life like the Quran many places claims? - yes, even if he predestines only some of it, like some Muslims claim to try to explain away things - in contradiction to the Quran's very clear words?
086 53/31g: "- - - do good - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses expressions like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. Compare the Quran's moral code with "do against others like you want others do against you" and weep.
087 53/32a: "- - - great sins - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses expressions like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. Compare the Quran's moral code with "do against others like you want others do against you" and weep. Also see 53/32b just below.
088 53/32b: "- - - sin - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. We also may mention that just this word often covers very different deeds, acts, words, and thoughts in the Quran and Islam, than in more normal religions (Islam is a religion of war - in spite of its loud slogans), not to mention how much its meaning in the Quran often differs from the basic of all human moral; "do against others like you want others do against you". Read the surahs from Medina and weep.
One small remark: As Yahweh's religion and f.x. moral code at many points are totally different from Allah's, you may qualify for Yahweh's Paradise even if Muslims condemn you to Hell - if both exist. One more of the 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.
089 53/32c: "- - - shameful deeds - - -". See 53/32a-b above.
090 53/32d: "- - - verily - - -". See 49/13c above.
091 53/32e: "- - - verily, thy (Muslim's*) Lord (Allah*) is ample in forgiveness". There only are two who can forgive - the victim and a god. Thus Allah only can forgive if exists and if he is a god, and a god with enough power to be able to forgive.
092 53/32f: "He (Allah*) knows you well - - -". See 2/233h above.
093 53/32g: "He (Allah*) knows you (persons*) well - - - when you are hidden in your mothers' womb". That is when Allah decides whether you are going to end in Hell or in Paradise according to Hadiths - when you are a 4 months old fetus. How is that possible if you have free will and can decide what good or bad things to do in this life? Remember here that full precognition in spite of the Quran's claims is impossible even for an omniscient god if man has a free will - the man/woman always can change his/her mind once more.
094 53/32h: "- - - He (Allah*) brings you (persons*) out of the earth - - -". Often claimed, never proved. And also contradicted by the Bible, which says it is Yahweh who does this, not Allah. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
095 53/32i: "He (Allah*) knows best who it is that guards against evil". See 2/233h above.
096 53/32j: "He (Allah*) knows best who it is that guards against evil". Contradicted by the Bible, which says Yahweh is the best guard, not Allah. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
097 53/32k: "- - - evil - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. Compare the Quran's moral code with "do against others like you want others do against you" and weep.
098 53/33: "- - - one who turns back - - -". A person leaving Islam.
099 53/35a: "Has he (the person leaving Islam*) knowledge - - -". May be that is just what he has god - f.x. the knowledge given by all the mistakes, contradictions, etc. in the Quran, that no god is behind that book.
#####100 53/35b: "Has he (the person leaving Islam*) knowledge of the Unseen that he can see?". This is a technique of debate you often meet from Muslims and from Islam - they forward a topic, and then strongly restricts the area of the debate - mostly to narrow segments where they know it is difficult to give opposing answers - - - and then they "win" the debate. In such cases tell him/her straight out that you do not accept such restrictions, and that your relevant arguments or facts are such and such.
101 53/35c: "- - - (to see*) the Unseen - - -". To be a prophet or in other ways being able to see what is hidden or the future. The original title for a prophet among the really old Jews, was "a seer" - one who was able to see the unseen. (f.x. 1. Sam. 9/9).
102 53/36a: "Nay, is he (the one leaving Islam*) not acquainted with what is in the books of Moses - - -". Perhaps that was just the case - nobody really believing in the books of Moses, would believe in the Quran, as even there the differences are too big (and they are bigger in other parts of the Bible).
103 53/36b: "- - - the Books of Moses - - -". A historical anomaly.
104 53/36c: "- - - the books of Moses - - -" As the relevant books has no clear reference to a life to come, Islam straight-facedly claims it must be referring to some lost book of Moses - - - just like with the Gospels: As the Gospels do not say what Muhammad said it says and did not exist at the time of Jesus, the easy explanation is a claim that there was another, older Gospel which has disappeared. Simple and easy - - - even though the story of Jesus' life, death, resurrection and ascension to Heaven could not be told until after it had happened - at least not if man (f.x. Ramses II, Haman, or Herod) has free will.
##105 53/37a: "- - - and (the books? *) of Abraham - - -". There is nowhere in the Bible - the only real source telling about Abraham - mentioned he had books. To explain this Islam simply tells that (YA5111): "No extant 'Book of Abraham’s now extant (undocumented claim: There must have been one or more which have disappeared*). But a book called 'The Testament of Abraham' (exists*)". This Yusuf Ali tells without mentioning a syllable about that "The Testament of Abraham" is a well known made up - apocryphal - book. Honesty counts little in Islam when it comes to defend or explain or forward the religion - cfr. "al-Taqiyya" - the lawful lie - and "Kitman" - the lawful half-truth - but of which are not only permitted to use, but advised to use "if necessary" to defend or forward Islam. But why are lies necessary in Islam? - and how much is lies and how much truth in a religion which accepts and at least partly relies on lies? - and how much is a religion at least partly relying on lies worth?
106 53/37b: "- - - Abraham - - -". A historical anomaly.
107 53/38: "- - - no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another." NT: "Bear each other’s burdens". No comment (though it is possible the Quran here means in a possible next life).
108 53/39: "- - - Man can have nothing but what he strives for - - -". How does this compare with the Qurans' many statements that Allah predestines everything, also what you get and what you not get, because that in addition are gifts from Allah’s abundance? This claim simply is wrong if Allah predestines everything like the Quran states.
109 53/40: "- - - (the fruit of) his (man's*) striving will soon come in sight - - -". This is wrong if the Quran's statements about Allah’s predestination are true. If Allah predestines, it will be the fruits of his predestinations which come in sight. But at the same time it is a case of the carrot and the stick: Allah sees what you do, so be good, and willing and obedient.
110 53/41a: "Then (in the next life*) will he (a person*) be rewarded - - -". Is it fair to reward a person for good or for bad deeds if he/she did it because Allah had predestined it like that?
111 53/41b: "- - - a reward complete - - -". The Quran's Paradise - see 10/9f above.
112 53/42a: "- - - to thy (man's*) Lord (Allah*) is the final goal - - -". Often claimed, but there only are claims.
113 53/42b: "- - - to thy (man's*) Lord (Allah*) is the final goal - - -". Contradicted by the Bible, which claims the goal is Yahweh, not Allah. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
114 53/43: "- - - it is He (Allah*) who granteth Laughter and Tears - - -". One more never proved claim.
115 53/44: "- - - it is He (Allah*) who granteth death and life - - -". Often claimed, but never proved anywhere (in contrast to Yahweh who via Jesus - if the Bible tells the truth - several times proved he was able to give the dead ones life (f.x. 1. Kings 17/22, 2. Kings 4/34-35, Matt.9/25, Matt. 27/52, Luke 7/15, John 11/44, 9/40, Acts 20/10, and the Quran 5/110i above - and of course Jesus himself).
*116 53/45+46: “- - - He (Allah*) did create (man*) in pairs - male and female - From a seed (the semen*) when lodged (in its place (a female womb*)).” Muhammad believed the semen was some sort of a seed that could start to grow when planted in a female. Wrong - or at best half the story. But Muhammad obviously did not know the other half - the egg cell - as the same story is told several times in the Quran. Actually this was the going zoology at the time of Muhammad - one did not know how conception happened, and did not know about the egg cell. A god had known better. Who made the Quran?
117 53/47: "- - - He (Allah*) hath promised a Second Creation (rising of the dead)". See 7/158i and 53/44 above.
118 53/48: "- - - it is He (Allah*) Who giveth wealth and satisfaction - - -". It is Allah who predestines also this - so why work, as Allah has predestined how rich and satisfied you are to be?
119 53/49a: “- - - He (Allah) is the Lord of Sirius - - -". Claims are cheap as long as you are able for flee from all requests for proofs. There are nearly legion unproved claims in the Quran. F.x. this one.
120 53/49b: “- - - He (Allah) is the Lord of Sirius (the Mighty Star) - - -”. Sirius it not very mighty, even if it may look like that from Earth. It is a dwarf compared to stars like Betelgeuse, Aldebaran and millions more. Not to mention compared to the real super giants. And just a firecracker compared to f.x. the enormously potent Eta Carinae (borderline enormous and unstable for exploding, and expected to go supernova in the astronomically near future).
121 53/50a: "- - - it is He (Allah*) who destroyed the (powerful) ancient 'Ad (people) - - -". See 53/49a above.
122 53/50b: "- - - the 'Ad (people) - - -". A tribe from old Arab legends. They may or may not have once exists, but it is highly unlikely they disappeared in the way Muhammad told - at least Islam have to bring a few proofs./p>
123 53/51a: "And (destroyed*) the Thamud - - -". See 53/49a above.
124 53/51b: "- - - the Thamud - - -". Parallel to 'Ad in 53/50b above.
125 53/52a: "And - - - (Allah destroyed*) the people of Noah - - -". Contradicted by the Bible which says this was done by Yahweh (Muhammad claimed and Islam claims that this just was 2 names for the same god, but their teachings and the basic ideas behind the religions are too different for that to be possible.) But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
126 53/52b: "- - - the people of Noah - - -". A historical anomaly.
127 53/52c: "- - - unjust - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. Compare the Quran's moral code with "do against others like you want others do against you" and weep.
128 53/52d: "- - - insolent transgressors - - -". One of the many distaste inducing names Muhammad used for non-Muslims.
129 53/52e: "- - - transgressors - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code, and when used in religious connection it means everyone not living according to the Quran.
130 53/53: "And He (Allah*) destroyed the Overthrown Cities (of Sodom and Gomorrah)". One thing is that the Bible tells this was done by Yahweh, but in addition it is contradicted by the Bible on how it was done - brimstones in the Quran instead of burning sulfur in the Bible. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.
*131 53/55: "Then which of the gifts of thy Lord (Allah*) (O man,) wilt thou dispute about?" None - it is to throw away time and energy unless and until it is proved that Allah exists and that there exists gifts from him.
***132 53/56: “This is a Warner (Muhammad*), of the (series of) Warners of the old”. Muhammad impressed and impressed and impressed on his followers that he was one of a long series – though the greatest of all – of prophets (even though he per definition was no prophet, as he did not have the gift of making prophesies – he just “borrowed” that prestigious title), as that gave him “weight” and prestige. And to belong to the one timeless “right” religion, also gave his teachings weight among the ones that believed it (Science have never found any traces of a religion like Islam anywhere or any time before 610 AD – if they had, you bet Islam had told about it.) But he in case definitely did not belong to the same series as the Jewish prophets, included Jesus – the teachings, not to mention their actual lives and deeds and moral codes, were too different. AND they made prophesies - real prophesies – which he was unable to.
133 53/57a: "The (judgment) - - -". The Day of Doom.
134 53/57b: "The (judgment) ever draws nigh - - -". This is a standard warning/carrot you find in many religions: Be good and willing and obedient, because you never know when your death or the Day of Doom comes. a good whip/carrot for any leader.
135 53/58: "No (soul) but Allah can lay it (the Day of Doom*) bare". One more of the never proved claims in the Quran.
136 53/61: "Wasting your (non-Muslim's*) time in vanities?" If the Quran is not from a god, this is what Muslims are doing. And a book where so much is wrong, is not from a god.
#137 53/62: "- - - adore (Him (Allah*))!" Why adore the "hero" in a clearly made up - by dark forces or human(s) - book? A claimed "hero" who has never before or later manifested himself in any way at all! Cervantes was out from prison when he wrote Don Quixote - in a book of a measurably better literary quality than the Quran. But Don Quixote does not exist even though a doubtful person wrote a book about him.
Even if things are said or written, that does not mean that it is true - and especially not when the narrator is an unreliable person of doubtful moral even according to the realities in central Islamic relevant literature.
Surah 53: Sub-total: 137 + 17.679 = 17.816 11.251 comments.
THE LIST CONTINUES 1 A-4 PAGE FURTHER DOWN.
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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".