1000+ Comments on the Quran: Surah 13 -- Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder)

Revelation: Time and Place Unknown

(See general comments on Surahs here: Introduction)


 

The quotes and comments

001 "In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful". Please read the surahs from Medina, the immoral parts of the Muslim moral code, the unjust/immoral parts of sharia, and the Quran's rules for lying, thieving/looting, enslaving, raids and wars, plus the rules for treatment of girls and women - free and captured - and see if you agree. Always when there is a distance between words and corresponding demands and deeds, we personally believe in the demands and deeds. Glorious words are cheap, demands and deeds are reliable. Glorifying words and claims are too cheap for anyone to use and disuse - when you read, judge from realities, not from propaganda.

002 13/1a: "Alif Lam Mim Ra'" See 11/1a.

003 13/1b: (A13/2): “These are the Signs (or Verses (or messages of revelation*)) of the Book (the Quran*) - - -.” Multiple meanings already here. But the main problem for Islam just here: What do “These Verses” refer to? Many scholars mean just the verses in this surah. Others like Ibn Abbas/Baghawi emphasize that it must mean all the verses in all the Quran. The Quran itself is unclear on also this small point – but big enough to cause debate for 1400 years.

004 13/1c: “- - - Signs - - -.” Invalid as proof for Allah. See 2/39b above.

005 13/1d: “...the Book: that which hath been revealed..." That is one of the questions: Is it revealed – and in case by whom? See 13/1f below.

006 13/1e: “- - - the Book: that which hath been revealed unto thee (Muhammad*) - - -". Well, was it revealed to Muhammad - or did he just claim so?

**007 13/1f: “- - - the Book: that which hath been revealed unto thee (Muhammad*) from thy Lord (Allah*) - - - “. That is the question, to quote Hamlet: Did a god really produce and reveal a book with that many mistakes, contradictions, and invalid “proofs“? No. And when no god revealed it, he also did not reveal it to Muhammad.

An alternative is that the Devil impersonated Gabriel and in other cases told Muhammad “by inspiration”, and that it thus was revealed to him, but from dark forces. Another alternative is that it all stems from a sick brain – TLE (Temporal Lobe Epilepsy) + lust for power may easily explain everything. Yet another alternative is that it was not revealed, but made up – the fact that many of the mistakes which are in accordance with the wrong science of the time and area of Muhammad, and also the fact that Muhammad was not stupid enough to believe everything that is said in the Quran, may indicate that it is made up. (As for the last argument: F.x. the claim that miracles would not make some people believe, Muhammad was too intelligent and knew too much about people to believe himself – and f.x. Jesus was a good proof of the opposite: A lot did not believe in spite of everything, but quite a number came to believe because of what they saw and heard and witnessed. The same was the conclusion of the story that Muhammad himself told about the magicians of Pharaoh Ramses II and Moses: They came (according to Muhammad’s own words) to believe after a small miracle.) For similar also see 2/231 – 3/3 – 4/136 – 5/48 – 5/59 - 5/64 – 5/67 – 6/7 – 7/2 – 7/3 – 10/2 – 13/19 – 16/89 – 18/1 - 16/102 – 25/33 – 27/6 – 33/2 – 34/6 – 35/24 – 35/31 – 39/2 - 47/2.

Thus to repeat:

An alternative is that the f. ex. the Devil impersonated Gabriel and in other cases told Muhammad “by inspiration” what thus was "revealed" to him. The inhumanity of the religion would then be explained. Personally we doubt this explanation, if for no other reason, then because even a devil would not make so many mistakes, contradictions, etc. in the Quran - he simply would not want to be found out by his victims sooner or later. There is one possibility, though: If Iblis - the Islamic Devil - got permission from Allah for trying to lure more humans to Hell only on the condition that the trap should be one which was easy for thinking persons to see, then all the mistakes may be explained. To be flippant: May be the god did not want too many too stupid humans into his Paradise?

Another alternative is that it all stems from a sick brain – TLE (Temporal Lobe Epilepsy) + lust for power may easily explain everything. In this case Muhammad may have believed at least partly in his own tales and religion.

Yet another alternative is that it was not revealed, but made up in cold blood. The fact that many of the mistakes are in accordance with the wrong science of the time and area of Muhammad, and also the fact that Muhammad was not stupid enough to believe everything that is said in the Quran, may indicate that it is made up. In this case it may have been made up of one (or more) helper like many of his contemporaries suspected, or by himself - the last is most likely, at least for parts of it.

As for the last argument: F.x. that miracles would not make some people believe, Muhammad was too intelligent and knew too much about people to believe himself – f. ex. Jesus was a good proof of the opposite: A lot did not believe in spite of everything, but quite a number came to believe because of what they saw and witnessed. The same was the conclusion of the story that Muhammad himself told about the magicians and Moses: They came (according to Muhammad’s own words) to believe after a small miracle.

***008 13/1g: “(the Quran*) is the Truth“.

There are many mistaken "facts" which history, geography, archaeology, literature, art, etc., proves are wrong. (At least unbelievable 1700+ !!! places with mistaken facts, and perhaps 3000+ errors all together).

There are “more than 100 divergences (mistakes*) from the rules and structure of normal Arab language”, according to Ali Dashi “Twenty-three years”.

There are verses where it clearly is Muhammad who is speaking, in stark contradiction to all statements that the book is made by Allah or has existed from eternity (though some of the places - f.x. 6/114a in Yusuf Ali or 27/91a in Pikthall or Dawood - the mistakes are camouflaged by dishonest translators inserting the word “Say”, according to Ibn Warraq.)

The Quran states that the Quran is in pure Arab language. But according to al-Suyuti there are at least 107 foreign words used in the book, and Arthur Jeffery (specialist in Arab and in non-Arabic words in the Quran) says ca. 275 words from Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek, and also from Syria, Ethiopia, and Persia. Even the word Quran is said to be from Syria. (The Arabs later found an excuse for those mistakes: Al-Tha’alibi tells that the Arab started to use those words and made them Arabic. An easy but dishonest explanation.)

They used an alphabet without vowels, and to make it even worse, when writing the Quran/surahs in the old time, they did not even use the small points newer Arab uses to specify different letters. Because of this it often is difficult or impossible to know which word is meant. To use an English example: If you only have the consonants “h” and “s” and put in vowels, the result may be “house” or “hose” or “his” or “has”. Because of this there are thousands of possibilities for mistakes - or different meanings. Muslims tell the Quran was finished not later than 656 AD, but that is not true - only the simplified version using the old unfinished alphabet was used then was finished by Caliph Uthman not later than 656 AD, and lots of versions were written as the language and the alphabet were completed. Not until 900 AD was the Quran really finished, and by then there existed numbers of versions. Muslims under the very learned Ibn Mohair (died 935 AD) finally canonized 14 versions (see Preface of "1000+ Mistakes in the Quran"). Over the centuries 11 fell out of use, and then one more - today there are mainly two - one dominant (Hafs) and one somewhat used in parts of Africa (Warsh). After all that, how can anybody pretend that the Quran of today is sent down from Allah letter-by-letter and comma-by-comma? – the comma did not even exist!

The language in the original Quran was so little exact, that there frequently is necessary to insert explanations.

And how then can anyone pretend that the language in the Quran of today is perfect and correct language word for word and meaning for meaning just as dictated by Allah, when one knows that they spent 250 years “de-coding” the original texts and polishing the language?

And even more so: How can anyone pretend with a straight face that the Quran(s) of today is the one and perfect one from Allah, when the clergy/religious leaders and the educated elite at least, know that there were at least 14 “correct” versions earlier (to camouflage that they were different versions, Muslims call them “ways of reading” – you meet the word even today, because even today there are “different ways of reading”) - versions that over the centuries by an arbitrary process was reduced to 3 and then to 1-2. (The one dominating today, most likely dominates because it happened to be used when Egypt printed Qurans in 1924, according to Ibn Warraq).

Of the 14 and more versions which existed, how can one be sure that the most correct versions were the ones which finally came to dominate? - or that those versions (Hafs and Warsh) had all interpretations of the primitive writings correct (especially as they are not quite similar)?

There are lots of places in the Quran where the logic is wrong – mainly because Muhammad draws conclusions or make statements without first proving that it really is Allah who made this and this. F.x. the sun and the moon and night and day may be good proofs for Allah, but ONLY if it first is proved that it really is Allah who made them and runs them. Muhammad never really proves anything essential. Never. He just claims or states. The results are invalid claims with invalid logic, not real “signs” or “proofs”. Valueless. Or even worse, as the use of such arguments proves to the entire world that he has no real and true facts/arguments. Still even worse: The use of bluffs is the hallmark of cheats and deceivers.

"Proofs". The facts in the point above are even more essential here in this point - in points where he indicates or even uses the word “proof”. The problem is the same, and the only possible conclusion is the same: Valueless demagogy that proves that he had no real and true facts/arguments. Even worse: The use of invalid arguments is the hallmark of cheats and deceivers.

There is little reason to believe the Quran ever was perfect and without mistakes, and even less reason to believe that the Quran of today is so (it simply is not). This even if you omit all the mistakes we know about. At very best the book only is partly true. Also see 13/39a+b below.

009 13/1h: "- - - the Truth - - -". See 2/2b above.

010 13/1i: "- - - but most men believe not". A reasonable percent of them - f.x. the majority of the Jews - because they saw that something was seriously wrong in Muhammad's teaching.

**011 13/2a: “Allah is He Who raised the heavens (plural and wrong*) - - -". Often claimed, never proved.

**012 13/2b: “Allah is He Who raised the heavens (plural and wrong*) without any pillars that ye can see: - - -”. A Muslim information organization was in ca. 2007 asked to explain this sentence. They replied not 100% politely, that anyone with an IQ of 60 or more had to understand that this meant that the pillars did not exist. The person who asked, replied that he knew the difference between non-existent and invisible - the meaning in the sentence above is “invisible” - and asked them please to give him a real explanation. They never answered.

There exist no pillars - visible or invisible. And actually the idea is ridicules, as there exists no material heaven which needs to be kept in position - the heaven we see is just an optical illusion. Any god - even small ones - would know this, but Muhammad naturally not. Then who made the Quran?

Besides no man or animal or bird has ever banged into such an invisible pillar – and no plane collided with one. Also see 31/10b below.

013 13/2c: (YA1800): “Allah is He who raised the heavens without any pillars that ye can see - - -.” Or does it mean that it is the heavens you cannot see? – pick your choice (though it is the first one we most often meet). A. Yusuf Ali here explains the pillars with forces – interesting as it is an explanation we have not met before and a thought Muhammad did not think, as force fields or similar was something unknown at that time. But it is meaningless all the same: For one thing no force field has ever been registered (shall we guess that Muslims will explain this with a loose and convenient claim about forces only Allah can register?) But the main thing is that there are no 7 heavens which are “raised” and kept in their places – neither by pillars, nor by anything else.

014 13/2d: “- - - heavens - - -.” Plural and wrong. See 2/22d above.

015 13/2e: "- - He (Allah*) is firmly established on the Throne (of Authority) - - -". Similar often claimed, but never proved. It also is contradicted by the Bible, which says it is Yahweh who has authority. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

016 13/2f: “He (Allah*) has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law)! - - - ”. Similar often claimed, but never proved. One of those easy, cheap claims anyone can make.

017 13/2g: “He (Allah*) has subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law!) - - - ”. Natural laws are integrated parts of the nature, until someone proves this is wrong. No god or prophet has ever proved that - it remains to be seen if Islam is able to do so. Also see 11/7a above.

018 13/2h: "- - - (His (Allah's*) Law) - - -". Proof? - everybody can claim, but where is Muhammad's proof?

019 13/2i: (A13/5): “Each one (sun and moon*) runs (its cause) for a term appointed” According to Islam “a term appointed” may refer to The Day of Doom - - - or to their passing through the zodiac “mansions” (‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abbas/Baghawi/Razi). Quite some differences in the meanings for a clear language. And these variants also are in the Arab text, as the relevant word(s) there has/have more than one meaning.

020 13/2j: "He (Allah*) doth regulate all affairs - - -". = Allah decides everything (and this he does by predestining every detail in life and in the world according to his unchangeable Plan according to other verses in the Quran.

021 13/2k: "He (Allah*) doth regulate all affairs - - -". Contradicted by the Bible, which says that Yahweh regulates a lot - though not like in the Quran where the claimed god regulates absolutely everything, so that f.x. free will of man and the value of prayers just are illusions if true. And what is the situation if the claims about total predestination are not true? Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

As for the value of prayers in Islam, also see 62/9c. And if you combine 62/9c with 67/9c - a strong one - you get something thought-provoking. (And relevant here: Muslims often are thought that a question or problem can have 2 or more true and correct solutions - Islam is forced to teach this, because if not, many of the mistakes and contradictions in the Quran become too obvious. But this ONLY is true if parallel true solutions are possible. In cases where 2 or more possible solutions are mutually excluding each other, maximum 1 of the mutually excluding ones can be true. It should be a bit thought provoking for Muslims, that just this "small" difference in theoretical thinking and teaching, was one of the reasons (there were several of course) for why Europe and the West exploded into the Technical Revolution, while the Muslim area stagnated). Two star examples are: 1) Full predestination is not possible even for an omnipotent god to combine with even the smallest piece of free will for man - the two are mutually excluding. The same for full and unchangeable predestination long time before, combined with any claimed effect of prayers - the two are mutually excluding each other.)

022 13/2l: “- - - explaining the Signs in detail - - -“. Wrong and/or logically invalid “explanations” in reality are not explanations at all – even if they were in detail, which they in many cases are not.

####023 13/2m: “- - - explaining the Signs in detail - - -“. This is a claim you frequently meet in the Quran: The claimed signs (Quran-speak for "Proof for Allah" or similar) are explained in detail. Is there anybody out there who can show us one single place in the Quran where a claimed sign is explained in detail? - first explained and proved why and how it is a sign for Allah and for nothing else, and secondly how it proves Allah or Islam or Muhammad’s connection to Allah - or even to any god at all? Muhammad threw around a lot of claims about signs and even proofs and explanations. But not one of them is logically valid - and not one of the "explanations" explains anything as they either just are loose words or are building in not proved claims. All these claimed signs and proofs and "explanations" are just claims and totally without value as proof and mostly also as indicia. And who is it who has to rely on invalid proofs and fast-talk? The cheat, the impostor, the swindler, the deceiver. In the Bible there at least are some proofs if the stories are true - in the Quran there is nothing.

No wonder blind belief and glorifications are in high esteem.

No wonder nonsense like "instinctive (intellectual) knowledge", etc. are words of honor.

No wonder the use of real knowledge and logic or asking logical questions are frowned at.

No wonder it is death penalty to make true comments about Muhammad - the clay feet, hollow moral, wrong facts, and lust for power and women everything rests on.

024 13/2n: "- - - that ye (Muslims*) may believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord (Allah*)". The human brain is so strangely made that it is fully possible to believe with certainty in things which are proved wrong. For persons used to logic and to using their brain this seems incredible, but it is a fact.

025 13/2o: "- - - Signs - - -". Wrong. See 2/39b above.

026 13/2p: "- - - certainty - - -". See 2/2b above.

027 13/2q: "- - - the meeting with your (peoples'*) Lord (Allah*)". = At the Day of Doom.

*028 13/3a: “And it is He (Allah*) Who spread out the earth, - - -”. Similar things are said some places in the Quran - the earth is flat and spread out. It may be round or roundish, but like a pancake, not like a sphere. This was the geography of the Arabs at the time of Muhammad - though it hardly was the geography of any god. (There is one translator to English who says “egg-shaped” – but it is a wrong translation (the Quran there talks about an ostrich's nest on the flat ground, but the translator says it is about an ostrich's egg). All the same he often is quoted by Muslims – some may honestly want to believe him, others know they are using “al-Taqiyya” – the lawful lie - which is an integrated part of Islam (but of none other of the big religions)).

*029 13/3b: “And He (Allah*) it is Who spread out the earth - - - ”. Allah or the nature - most likely the nature, because the nature has made the Earth round, whereas Muhammad/the Quran believes it is flat. Verily we do consider that to make such a mistake makes it a very suspect “sign” for Allah.

030 13/3c: “And He (Allah*) it is Who spread out the earth - - - verily in these things there are Signs for those who consider”. There had been, if Muhammad had documented it really was Allah who did it.

031 13/3d "- - - verily - - -". See 2/2b above.

and 7 earths (65/12) - one on top of the other according to the Hadiths.

032 13/3e: "- - - set thereon (on the Earth*) mountains - - -". But the Arab word here translated with "set down" in reality means "dropped down" - the same word an Arab uses when he drops an anchor. But no mountain was ever neither dropped down, nor even set down. Without exception they all are either pushed up because of tectonic activity or grew up because of volcanism, the only 2 ways of making mountains. Any god had known - Muhammad not. Who made the Quran?

033 13/3f: “(Allah set on the Earth*) mountains standing firm - - - verily in these things are Signs for those who consider”. Mountains are not set, but grow - and they grow from tectonic or volcanic activity, not from the work of a god, unless a god proves this wrong. But the mission of the mountains according to the Quran, is that they stand firm and stabilizes Earth so it do not start wobbling and tips over. (Muslims normally claim the books means it stabilizes against earthquakes, but this is what the Quran really says, not earthquakes. Besides even this Muslims "explanation" is wrong - mountains have no stabilizing effect against earthquakes - on the contrary sometimes).

**034 13/3g: "- - - and fruits of every kind He (Allah*) made in pairs. Two and two". This one we originally were reluctant to comment on - the mistake was so obvious, that we had to have overlooked something. We had not. Muslims try to explain away this big mistake, by guessing (!) that Muhammad must have meant that the plants and trees came in two sexes - which only partly is right as most do not - in most cases you find male and female parts on the same plant/tree and there are no "pairs, two and two". Besides Muhammad is not speaking about plants or trees, but about the fruits. On top of this the Quran itself states that its words are to be understood literally, and only the bad people look for hidden meanings in the book. (See f. ex. 3/7 or 11/1b above.) But there literally are not pairs among most trees - most have both the male and the female parts and thus there is only one kind of each type of tree.

035 13/3h: “He (Allah*) draweth the Night as a veil o’er the Day - - - verily in these things are Signs for those who consider.” See 7/54 + 58. Besides: The night just is lack of light. Lack of something cannot be a veil - and lack of light can never hide sunshine. Some sign!

036 13/3i: "Behold, verily in these things are signs for those who consider!" Correct - all the mistakes only in this small verse are clear signs for those who consider - a clear message: Something is very wrong.

037 13/3j: "- - - for those who consider- - -". Flattery is a nice and inexpensive tool to use - and it often works, especially among the ones not trained in critical thinking or not able to consider things thoroughly. Muhammad frequently used this kind of flattery; "if you believe and accept, you are among the wise ones with knowledge who are able to understand". What naive soul does not want to be among the wise ones? - not to mention; who wants to show his/her neighbors that he/she is too stupid to understand what Muhammad said and claimed? Psychology is a nice thing when one understands how to use and disuse it. Flattery is among the cheapest of means to influence and cheat people – as cheap as lies and invalid “signs” and “profs”, and easier to use, as it needs less thinking for the cheater. Also see 16/11e below (and 11/7a above.)

038 13/3k: “- - - Signs - - -.” Invalid as proof for Allah. See 2/39b above.

039 13/4a: “- - - yet some of them (fruits, etc., etc.*) We (Allah*) make more excellent than others to eat. Behold, verily in those things there are Signs for those who understand!” At least it is very easy to understand that Allah/Muhammad takes credit for a lot of natural things that happens by itself in nature, fields and orchards, without proving that he has even one finger in the game. Invalid as sign or proof until it is proved that Allah really is behind this.

040 13/4b: "Behold, verily in these things are signs for those who understand!" Correct - all the mistakes only in the small verse above are clear signs for those who consider and understand - a clear message: Something is very wrong. Also see13/2m above.

041 13/4c: "- - - verily - - -". See 2/2b.

042 13/4d: “- - - Signs - - -.” Invalid as proof for Allah. See 2/39b and 13/2m above.

043 13/4e: "- - - understand - - -". See 13/3j above.

044 13/5a: "If thou dost marvel (at their want of faith) - - -". No we do not. It is easy to understand that intelligence and real knowledge make it difficult to believe in a book with that much wrong and told only by that kind of a man. But we marvel at the believers - not at their belief, because belief always is possible, especially by the naive, the uneducated with little knowledge, or the brain washed. But we marvel at many peoples' ability to believe without even checking the truth of what they believe in - yes, taking pride in believing without ever checking if what they believe in can be true! - taking pride in believing blindly without ever thinking over that blind belief is blind! And as bad: Believing not because of proofs, but in spite of proofs of things being wrong! Sometimes a little flattery is all which is needed to make them take tha bait.

045 13/5b "- - - strange is their (non-Muslim's*) saying - - -". It is not the least strange that people doubted and doubt boduly recreation. (But as the pleasures in Muhammad's heaven mainly were bodily ones, Muhammad needed recreation of the body.)

046 13/5c: "- - - a creation renewed - - -". A next life you find in most religion. The special thing with Islam is that the Quran claims you will be re-created bodily - Allah picks up all the atoms and fluids you were made from and puts it together again, and you enter Paradise - or Hell - in the same body you had here in this life. But also see 7/158i above.

047 13/5d: "- - - their (non-Muslims'*) Lord (Allah*) - - -". Only if Allah really exists and is a major god, and if the god the non-Muslim happen to believe in, is not a real one - f. ex. Yahweh if he is real.

048 13/5e: "- - - Companions of the Fire - - -". One of the negative names Muhammad uses for non-Muslims, who he claims are good only for Hell.

049 13/5f: "- - - to dwell therein (Hell*) (for aye)". But 6/128c, 11/107b, 43/74d, 51/13c, and 78/23 may - may - indicate that it is not quite forever".

050 13/6a: "They (non-Muslims*) ask thee (Muhammad*) - - -". Historical anomalies.

051 13/6b: "They (non-Muslims*) ask thee (Muhammad*) to hasten - - -". How could this end up in the claimed "Mother Book" (of which the Quran is a copy according to Muhammad) billions of years before it was said or happened? One more of the many texts or quotes in the Quran which could not have been reliably written into the claimed "Mother Book" (13/39b, 43/4b+c, 85/21-22) in Heaven (of which the Quran is claimed to be a copy) eons ago, unless predestination was and is 100% like the Quran claims many places (if you look, you will find more cases than we mention - we only mention some of the obvious ones). If man has free will - even partly only (an expression some Muslims use to flee from the problem full predestination contra free will for man (and also contra that there is no meaning in praying to Allah for help, if everything already is predestined in accordance with a plan "nobody and nothing can change" - a problem which Muslims seldom mention), and an expression no Muslim we have met has ever defined) - and can change his mind, full and reliable clairvoyance about the future, not to mention the distant future, is impossible even for a god, as the man always could/can change his mind or his words once more, in spite of Islam's claims. There are at least 3 reasons - 2 of them unavoidable - for this:

When something is changed, automatically the future is changed.

The laws of chaos will be at work and change things, if even a tiny part is made different.

The so-called "Butterfly Effect"; "a butterfly flapping its wing in Brazil may cause a storm in China later on" or "a small bump may overturn a big load".

This that Allah predestines everything like the Quran claims and states many places, is an essential point, because besides totally removing the free will of man (in spite of the Quran's claims of such free will, or some Muslims' adjusted "partly free will for man" - to adjust the meanings where the texts in the Quran are wrong, is typical for Islam and its Muslims) - it also removes the moral behind Allah's punishing (and rewarding) persons for what they say and do - Allah cannot reward or punish people for things he himself has forced them to say or do, and still expect to be believed when he (Muhammad?) claims to be a good or benevolent or moral or just god. Also see 2/51b and 3/24a above.

And as mentioned above, full predestination also makes prayers to Allah meaningless, as everything already is predestined according to Allah's Plan - a Plan which no prayer ("nobody and nothing") can change.

052 13/6c: "They (non-Muslims*) ask thee (Muhammad*) to hasten the evil - - -". Muhammad's surroundings asked him for proofs for his tales and his claimed god. One method was to dare him/his god to do things against them. Muhammad never was able to anything of this or in any other way prove his words or his contact with anything supernatural.

053 13/6d: "- - - evil - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

054 13/6e: "- - - good - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

055 13/6f: "But verily thy (people's*) Lord (Allah*) is full of forgiveness for mankind - - -". See 1/1a above. Also Allah cannot forgive unless he exists and is a god.

056 13/6g: "And verily thy (people's*) Lord (Allah*) is (also) strict in punishment". See 3/77b above.

057 13/6h: "- - - verily - - -". See 2/2b above.

058 13/6i: "- - - wrong-doing - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

059 13/6j: "- - - (Allah*) is (also) strict in punishment". See 3/77b above.

060 13/7a: "- - - the Unbelievers say (to Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

061 13/7b: "- - - the Unbelievers say (to Muhammad*): 'Why is not - - -". See 13/6b above.

062 13/7c: "- - - Unbelievers - - -". One of Muhammad's many names for non-Muslims. This one is rather neutral except that unbelief is negative - but many are from negative to distasteful to the inducing of repulsion and even hate - - - and a Muslim superiority complex.

063 13/7d: "Why is not a Sign sent down to him (Muhammad*) from his Lord (Allah*)?". One of the many requests for a proof Muhammad never was able to answer in a real way - only by fast-talk and explaining it away. Also see 13/7b just below.

064 13/7e: "- - - Sign - - -". Wrong. See 2/39b and 13/2m above.

065 13/7f: "But thou (Muhammad*) art truly a warner". In the beginning when Muhammad was military weak, he only was a warner, etc. When he became powerful, he - and his successors - also became enforcers.

066 13/7g: (A13/17 – in 2008 edition A13/17): “But thou (Muhammad*) art truly a warner, and to every people a guide.” But Islam itself tells that there are more meanings possible from the Arabic text: “Thou art only a warner; and every people have had a guide like thee - - -” Two significant nuances in the meaning; Or: “Thou art only a warner – but (at the same time) also a guide unto all people” – at least one clear difference in nuances compared to each of the 2 above.” Or: “Thou art only a warner bound to do no more than deliver the message entrusted to thee, while it is Allah alone who can truly guide men’s hearts towards faith.” Far more than nuances in the meanings. A clear language in the Quran? – not possible to misunderstand?

067 13/7i: "- - - truly - - -". See 2/2b above.

068 13/7j: "- - - and to every people a guide". A guide with a guide-book like the Quran, is not much reliable.

069 13/8: "Every single thing is before His (Allah's*) sight - - -". Allah sees - and knows - everything. See 2/233h above.

070 13/9a: "He (Allah*) knoweth the Unseen - - -". This expression is used with 2 different meanings in the Quran: 1). What you do not or cannot see. 2). What has not been seen yet - the future. Also see 2/233h above.

071 13/9b: "He (Allah*) is the Great, the most High". Often claimed, never proved - and one of the many claims any believer in any religion can use on behalf of his/her gods free of charge, as long as no proof is required".

072 13/9c: "He (Allah*) is the Great, the most High". Contradicted by the Bible, which claims Yahweh is on top. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

073 13/10: Condensed: Allah sees everything. Hidden meaning: The carrot and the stick. Also see 2/233h above.

##074 13/11a: "For every (such person (here in reality everybody*)) there are (angels) in succession (= working shifts*), before and behind him - - -". Remember this and similar verses each time the Quran or a Muslim tells you that angels could not visit Muhammad and prove to his followers and doubters and opponents that he spoke the truth, because the sending down of angels meant that the Day of Doom had arrived.

075 13/11b: "Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls) - - -". But how can they change anything themselves, if it is true that Allah decides absolutely everything and according to an unchangeable Plan, like the Quran states many places? (For Muhammad it was essential to make Allah seem fair by claiming that man had free will and thus himself was to blame for bad deeds. But the good Muhammad was never able to combine this with another claim he needed to have many and daring warriors; predestination. Even Islam admits it is not possible to combine the two (but claims very lamely, that all the same it must be true as it is said so in the Quran - it is beyond the incredible what believers are able to believe if they just want to believe it (if it is Iblis/the Devil who is behind the Quran, perhaps he knew what he did anyhow.)

076 13/11c: "Verily - - -". See 2/2b above.

077 13/11d: "But when (once) Allah willeth a people's punishment, there can be no turning back - - -". Allah decides, and his decisions are final - nothing can change them.

078 13/11e: "- - - nor will they (non-Muslims*) find beside Him (Allah*) any to protect". Well there is the ever recurring fact that the Bible says Yahweh is a good protector. And if the old books tell the truth, Yahweh has proved his existence and power, Allah not.

079 13/12a: “It is He (Allah*) Who doth show you the lightning - - -”. An impressive natural phenomenon which many gods like to be the masters of - but Allah does not prove it any more than the other pretenders, like f.x. Thor (the Old Norse god of war - like Islam the religion of the old Vikings was a religion of war and the lightning was a symbol for the war god Thor). Also see 11/7a above.

080 13/12b: "- - - it is He (Allah*) Who doth raise the clouds, heavy with (fertilizing) rain". Yet another natural phenomenon which all and every religion claim for its god(s) - just like Muhammad and the Quran. And as normal for Muhammad: Never a proof - only claims based on nothing. Also see 11/7a above.

*081 13/13a: “- - - the thunder repeateth His praises - - -“. Hardly – the thunder is just a natural and automatic reaction to the lightning (which again is natural and automatic reactions to electrical charges). Islam will have to prove that the thunder – vibrations in the air - has enough brain to be able to prize Allah in this way, in order to be believed. A case of animism (animism is typical mainly for primitive religions). Also see 11/7a above.

082 13/13b: "Yet these (are the men) who (dare to) dispute about Allah - - -". It takes very little guts to dispute and doubt a claimed god you very honestly believe is a made up one, especially as the doubt and dispute are based on the proved facts that for one thing the only basis for the belief in him is a book of a sorrowful quality so full of mistakes, etc. that no god ever was involved in it, and for the other the man behind that book is described even in his own "holy" book as a morally no-good character liking power and money for more power and women - like so many such men through history. Psychologically the belief in Muhammad is worth a study in human ability for being duped by good words, superstition, feelings, fear, and wish for something strong to lean to, and for study of superstition's dominance over knowledge, logic and brain. Allah clearly is a dressed up, non-existing pagan god (al-Lah).

083 13/13c: "- - - His (Allah's*) power (supreme)!" It is in case a power he never unmistakably have shown.

084 13/14a: “For Him (Allah*) (alone) is prayer in Truth - - -“. Yes, but only if Allah exists (and is the only god). There was a good reason why Muhammad demanded and glorified blind belief: There existed and exists no real proof and no documentation for the existence of Allah – or for that case for Muhammad’s connection to a god. Blind belief in Islam only is based on the words of a morally suspect man like Muhammad. (The real, historical Muhammad is only distantly related to the glorified saint Islam claims.)

As for the value of prayers in Islam, also see 62/9c. And if you combine 62/9c with 67/9c - a strong one - you get something thought-provoking. (And relevant here: Muslims often are thought that a question or problem can have 2 or more true and correct solutions - Islam is forced to teach this, because if not, many of the mistakes and contradictions in the Quran become too obvious. But this ONLY is true if parallel true solutions are possible. In cases where 2 or more possible solutions are mutually excluding each other, maximum 1 of the mutually excluding ones can be true. It should be a bit thought provoking for Muslims, that just this "small" difference in theoretical thinking and teaching, was one of the reasons (there were several of course) for why Europe and the West exploded into the Technical Revolution, while the Muslim area stagnated). Two star examples are: 1) Full predestination is not possible even for an omnipotent god to combine with even the smallest piece of free will for man - the two are mutually excluding. The same for full and unchangeable predestination long time before, combined with any claimed effect of prayers - the two are mutually excluding each other.)

085 13/14b: "- - - prayer - - -". But why pray, if it is true like the Quran claims that Allah predestines everything long time before, and that his predestinations are made according to a Plan which nobody and nothing can change? If predestination is true, prayers just are a waste of time and effort in Islam.

086 13/14c: "- - - Truth - - -". See 2/2b above.

087 13/14d: "- - - any others (other gods than Allah*) they call upon besides Him hear them (not*) - - -". May be they are in the same boat as Muslims? - also Allah to this date - during 1400 years - has never one single time given an answer unmistakably from him. Lots of claims, but never a proved case (guess if the world had known it if it had happened even once!)

088 13/14e: "- - - any others (other gods than Allah*) they call upon besides Him hear them (not*) - - -". Well, we are back to the question about Yahweh - the Bible says he hears and helps.

089 13/14f: "- - - the prayer from those without Faith is nothing but (futile) wandering (in the mind)". Something like praying to a god who most likely does not exist - never any proofs neither for his power, nor for his existence, and his "holy" book so full of errors, that no god would have touched it, not to mention put his name behind/on/in it or revered it in his "home" as a "mother book" (13/39, 43/4 below). Not to mention prayer to a god who predestines everything years and decades before, so prayers just are naive waste of time - if the claims about predestination is true (and if not Islam does not exist anymore).

090 13/14g: "- - - the prayer from those without Faith is nothing but (futile) wandering (in the mind)". If f.x. Yahweh exists - and both the Bible and the Quran claims he does (even though the Quran wrongly mixes him up with Allah) - this is wrong for believers in Yahweh.

091 13/14h: "- - - those without Faith - - -". One of Muhammad’s many distance inducing names for non-Muslims.

092 13/14i: "- - - Faith - - -". = Islam.

093 13/15a: “Whatever beings there are in the heavens (plural and wrong*) and in the earth do prostrate themselves to Allah (acknowledging subjection)”. As for in the Heaven, it is difficult to say yes or no. But for the Earth: No non-Muslim ever prostrate themselves for Allah. The same goes for all animals, fishes and insects, etc.: None of them has ever been observed prostrating themselves for any god, Allah included – and for Allah it should be extra easy to observe, as he prefers 5 prayers with prostrations towards Mecca a day, some by day and some by night (even more easy to see if it is prostrations for Allah, as few animals, etc. are awake and active both day and night – waking up for prostrations towards Mecca during the time of normal sleep, should be easy to have confirmed). Islam has some heavy proofs to produce here to make this point in the Quran credible. Also see 2/116 – 6/38 – 16/49 – 17/44 – 21/20 – 22/18.

094 13/15b: “- - - heavens - - -“. Plural and wrong. See 2/22d.

095 13/15c: “- - - so (prostrate themselves for Allah*) do their (the living beings’*) shadows in the mornings and evenings”. Animism - normally to be found in primitive religions. Shadows are just lack of sunlight – and they for natural reasons are long and flat in the mornings and the evenings. Islam will have to prove that this result of the Earth’s spin in the sunshine makes the lack of sunlight some places have enough brain to consciously decide to prostrate “themselves” for a god (if it is not a willed act, it has no religious meaning). If no proofs are produced, this clearly is a fairy tale on an intellectual level fit for small children. Also see 16/48b+c below.

096 13/16a: "Who is the Lord and Sustainer of the heavens (plural and wrong*) and the earth? Say: '(It is) Allah". One more of the undocumented claims in the Quran. Claims anyone in any religion can use on behalf of his or her god(s) free of charge. There are so many of these in the book and they are so easy to see, that it just is to go hunting for them and you will find more. Also see 11/7a above.

097 13/16b: "Who is the Lord and Sustainer of the heavens (plural and wrong*) and the earth? Say: '(It is) Allah". Contradicted by the Bible, which says it is Yahweh, not Allah. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

098 13/16c: “- - - heavens - - -“. Plural and wrong. See 2/22d above.

099 13/16d: "Do ye (non-Muslims*) then take (for worship) protectors other than Him (Allah*), such as have no power for either good or for harm to themselves?" Well, for one thing so much of what is written in the Quran is wrong, that also this claim may be wrong. And for another it is difficult to forget the question of Yahweh - after all a proved god if the old books tell the truth, whereas nothing is proved about Allah.

100 13/16e: "- - - such (false gods*) as have no power either for good or for harm to themselves". See 13/14c and 13/14d above. The troubling question is: Is Allah among these? - he only - only - comes from a book with lots of mistakes, told by a man with very doubtful moral, but with strong lust for power, money for bribes and for women. (Drop the big, glorifying words and read the rest of the Quran, and you find the real Muhammad behind the glittering propaganda - demands, introduced moral code, and deeds are far more reliable that saintly verbal portraits "painted" by a dictator himself.

#101 13/16f: "Are the blind equal with those who see?". In reality no - something those should remember who glorify blind belief, especially if they at the same time slander the ones able to see, and not least able to think.

#102 13/16g: "Or (is*) the depth of darkness equal with Light?" There is much darkness in a war religion with a partly immoral moral code - and little light in a "holy" book not from a god.

103 13/16h: "- - - assign to Allah partners - - -". See 25/18a below.

104 13/16i: "- - - as He (Allah*) has created - - -". The irony here is that there only are words and claims for that Allah created anything at all - not as much as the creation of the tip of a comma is proved. Also see 6/2b and 11/7a above and 21/56c below.

105 13/16j: "Allah is the Creator of all things - - -". The only things which till now are proved Allah has created, are lots of words - many of them wrong - lots of war and a partly horribly immoral moral code. Well, it is wrong to say it is proved to be Allah's work - it only is proved to come from Muhammad (and actually they are not even proved from him, as there also exists no real proof for that Muhammad has existed. You will find scientists who believe he is a fiction made up to be a central figure in a then new war religion). Also see 6/2b and 11/7a above and 21/56c below.

106 13/16k: "He (Allah*) is the One, the Supreme and Irresistible." Similar often claimed, never proved - and like so much in the Quran it is claims any priest in any religion can make free of charge on behalf of his god(s) as long as no proofs are required - words are that cheap.

107 13/17a: "He (Allah*) sends down water from the skies - - -". See 11/7a above.

108 13/17b: “Thus doth Allah (by parables) show forth - - -”. Can it really be an omniscient god that shows forth so many mistakes? Nyet – a good English word which means no with some lines under.

109 13/17c: “- - - show forth Truth and Vanity.” As said before: The Quran can at very best only be partly true. Also see 2/2b above.

110 13/17-18: (A13/39): “Thus doth Allah set forth parables.” Clear and easy language: Here Allah has explained how he sets forth parables. But it is not that clear – because it is unclear if this belongs to the same context. In that case one gets another meaning: “Thus Allah set forth parables for those who respond to their Lord - - -.” Or to quote M. Asad: “For those who have responded to their Sustainer (Allah*) there is the ultimate good (al-husna) (in store) - - -.” Not quite the same. Clear text?

111 13/18a: "For those who respond to their lord (Allah*) are (all) good things". Ever so often claimed in the Quran, but never proved.

112 13/18b: "For those who respond to their lord (Allah*) are (all) good things". Contradicted by the Bible (and likely by a number of other religions). Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

113 13/18c: "But these who does not respond to Him (Allah*) (are lost*)." See 13/18a above.

114 13/18d: "But these who does not respond to Him (Allah*) (are lost*)." At least for the ones responding to Yahweh, the Bible disagrees.

115 13/18e: “- - - heavens - - -“. Plural and wrong. See 2/22d.

116 13/18f: "For them (non-Muslims*) the reckoning will be terrible - - -". See 3/77b and 13/18b above.

117 13/18g: "- - - their abode will be Hell - what a bed of misery". See 3/77b above.

118 13/19a: "(Is a good Muslim*) like one who is blind?" Blind belief often is stronger blindness than blind eyes. Besides: Who is worst off - the one blindly believing in wrong facts like Muslims, or the one checking his facts?

119 13/19b: “- - - that which hath been revealed - - -“. Well, has it been revealed? – and in case by whom? (A god had not sent down something with that many mistakes, etc., but the Devil in disguise could – but might have been too intelligent to do so, as there sooner or later would come questions about the mistakes and wrong logic, etc., and hence about his inhuman and bloody religion. He then would lose credence. May be the whole book was made up by humans?)

120 13/19c: “- - - that which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord (Allah*) - - -”. No god reveals a book with that much wrong contents. Also see 13/1f above.

121 13/19d: “- - - that which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord (Allah*) is the Truth, - - - “. Well, at best it is partly true - as said before.

122 13/19e: "- - - the Truth - - -". See 2/2b above.

123 13/19f: "(Is a good Muslim not better than') one who is blind?" A rhetoric question with an intended obvious answer. But the correct answer is completely dependent on two other questions and their answers: Is the Quran from a god? - and does it in addition tell the full truth and only the truth?

124 13/19g: "(Is a good Muslim not better than') one who is blind?" The recurring question: Who is most blind ? - the one with little knowledge or the one with wrong knowledge?

125 13/19h: "It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition - - -". Where does that leave blindly believing Muslims?

126 13/19-22: In these verses are listed some of the good things which characterize a good Muslim - the black "good" sides of a good Muslim are omitted.

127 13/20: "- - - the Covenant of Allah - - -". Is there anywhere a proof for this claimed covenant? We may add that it has no value if Allah does not exist or if he exists, but has not agreed to it. As Allah is no god if he is behind the Quran - no god is behind a book of that quality - the situation becomes interesting if Allah exists and is from the dark forces.

We also are reminded of the Boers who made a covenant with Yahweh without checking if Yahweh agreed to the covenant or took part in it.

128 13/21: "- - - (that*) which Allah hath commanded - - -". This can only be true if Allah exists and has power.

129 13/22a: "- - - patiently persevere - - -". This is an expression the world - and American presidents - should never forget: The Quran repeats and repeats and repeats: If you stay on and persevere, in the end you always win, because the "enemy" grows tired and gives in - retreats or even accepts you as his/their lord.

130 13/22b: "- - - establish regular prayers - - -". What for? - if Allah has predestined everything years and decades and more ago, prayers cannot have any effect.

As for the value of prayers in Islam, also see 62/9c. And if you combine 62/9c with 67/9c - a strong one - you get something thought-provoking. (And relevant here: Muslims often are thought that a question or problem can have 2 or more true and correct solutions - Islam is forced to teach this, because if not, many of the mistakes and contradictions in the Quran become too obvious. But this ONLY is true if parallel true solutions are possible. In cases where 2 or more possible solutions are mutually excluding each other, maximum 1 of the mutually excluding ones can be true. It should be a bit thought provoking for Muslims, that just this "small" difference in theoretical thinking and teaching, was one of the reasons (there were several of course) for why Europe and the West exploded into the Technical Revolution, while the Muslim area stagnated). Two star examples are: 1) Full predestination is not possible even for an omnipotent god to combine with even the smallest piece of free will for man - the two are mutually excluding. The same for full and unchangeable predestination long time before, combined with any claimed effect of prayers - the two are mutually excluding each other.)

##131 13/22c: "- - - establish regular prayers - - -". This - the 5 prayers a day - is one of the most central demands from Allah in Islam - one of the 5 "pillars". In the Bible such a demand is not mentioned one single time even though the Bible has 3-4 times as much text as the Quran - such formalism is totally without interest for Yahweh. One of the 100% proofs for that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god.

132 13/22d: "- - - what We (Allah*) have bestowed for their sustenance - - -". It of course is Allah who makes the food grow. But see 11/72 above.

133 13/22e: (A43 – in 2008 edition A44): “- - - and turn off Evil with good - - -.” What does this mean? F. ex. Ibn Kaysan/Zamakhshari: “if they have committed a sin, they repel it (= its effect on themselves*) by repenting”. Or Razi: "You have to say and/or do things to set evil situations right". Or others, f. ex. Tabari: “You repay evil with good.” Just pick your choice, as the Arab text can mean any of these. Muslims claim the texts and the language in the Quran are so clear, that it is part of the proof for that the book must be sent down from Allah. We agree to that it proves something – but not an omniscient god. Definitely not. And these variants also inevitably are in the Arab text, as the relevant word(s) there has/have more than one meaning. (We may also mention the Bible: "Turn the other cheek" - Matt. 5/39).

134 13/22f: "- - - Evil - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is meant in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

135 13/22g: "- - - good - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is meant in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

136 13/22h: "- - - the (Eternal) Home - - -". = Paradise. But beware that according to 11/108c above, may be it is not quite eternal.

137 13/23: "- - - righteous - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

138 13/23–24a: “Gardens of perpetual bliss: they (Muslims*) shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring - - - how excellent is the final Home.” Primitive people may think in 2-4 generations like here, but nowhere in the Quran is told how family life a la Earth is to be arranged for 40 or a hundred generations - are f.x. all staying together in one mix?. Neither is there anywhere said anything about how the ones who died as babies or children or retarded will fare in Paradise – will they stay babies or children or retarded for ever to your pleasure (the Quran has a tendency to see things only from the points of view of the main persons: The adult men and warriors) or will they grow up or will they be resurrected as young adults or how? - and what about their families? - and what f.x. about the mentally retarded?

No matter – these may be problems possible to solve for a god. But the Muslim Paradise still is just a copy of life for rich people in this world, as seen through the eyes of poor and primitive male desert dwellers and polygamists. Is this all an omniscient and omnipotent god has to offer?

##139 13/23–24b: “Gardens of perpetual bliss: they (Muslims*) shall enter there, as well as the righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring - - - how excellent is the final Home.” And all shall live in luxury - and plenty of sex for the men. Totally incompatible with the Bible, and at least a 110% proof for that with so different paradises, yahweh and Allah are not the same god - in Yahweh's paradise you "will be like angels" (f.x. Luke 20/36).

140 13/24a: "- - - persevered - - -". This word is impressed and impressed and impressed on Muslims: Persevere and sooner or later the "enemy" tires and you win. A fact and a word no non-Muslim should ever forget.

141 13/24d: "- - - the final Home - - -". = Paradise.

142 13/25a: "But those who break the Covenant with Allah (leave Islam*) - - - on them is the Curse, for them is the terrible Home". See 3/77b above.

143 13/25b: "- - - the Covenant of Allah - - -". See 13/20 above.

144 13/25c: "- - - after having pledged their words - - -". There are few things as serious as for a Muslim to leave Islam. The penalty may be severe. "No compulsion in religion".

145 13/25d: "- - - the terrible Home - - -". = Hell.

146 13/26a: "Allah doth enlarge, or grant by (strict) measure, the Sustenance (which He giveth) to whomso He pleaseth." It is Allah who decides if you are to be rich or poor, or have a good or a difficult life - and the hidden meaning behind such sentences often is: As it is Allah who in his unfathomable knowledge has decided it so, then be satisfied with what you get and wait for rewards in the claimed next life. At least a very nice rule for rulers who do not want demanding or unsatisfied voices from their subordinates.

147 13/26b: "(The worldly) rejoice in the life of this world: but the life of their world is but a little comfort in the Hereafter". If you are not satisfied with what you get, it may mean you are a worldly person - not good (also not for a leader who do not want dissatisfaction from below).

148 13/26c: (YA1841): “- - - the life on this earth is but little comfort in the Hereafter” = it means little in the next life. Or: “- - - it is a stepping stone (or something*) for the life to come.” Both meanings are possible from the crystal clear Arab text.

149 13/27a: “The Unbelievers - - -". One of Muhammad's many negative names for non-Muslims.

150 13/27b: "The Unbelievers say (about Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

151 13/27c: “The Unbelievers say: ’Why is not a Sign sent down to him (Muhammad*) - - -". See 13/6b above.

152 13/27d: “The Unbelievers say: ’Why is not a Sign sent down to him (Muhammad*) from his Lord (Allah*)?” Signs were dearly needed and would clearly have meant something - but Muhammad was unable to deliver one. Did not Allah want? Or was Muhammad not really his representative? Or was Allah a fiction? Who knows as long as nothing is proved? - it is possible to believe, especially if one wants to, but there is no knowledge without a proof - this also goes for religion. (Also see f. ex. 13/7a and 13/7c above.)

###153 13/27e: (A13/48 - in the English 2008 edition 13/49): "- - - their (humans'*) original, innate faculty to realize the existence of Allah and their own dependence of His guidance - - -". Science has nowhere and to no time found such an "innate faculty" concerning any god. This includes all Islamic universities and other Islamic research centers. (Guess if Muslim newspapers and others had had big letters on their front pages if such a faculty had ever been found!) But Islam needs arguments even like this, as there is no clear documentation for any of their central religious claims. Scientifically it is not even "goblydygock".

154 13/27f: "- - - Sign - - -". Wrong. See 2/39b above.

155 13/27g: "Truly - - -". See 2/2b above.

156 13/27h: "Truly Allah leaveth to stray, whom He will - - -". For comparison; "the lost lamb", "the 11. hour" etc. in NT (Luke 15/8-10 or 15/11-31, Matt. 18/12-14 or 20/8-13).

157 13/27i: "- - - He (Allah*) guideth - - -". One cannot do good guiding with a guidebook full of mistakes, contradictions, etc.

158 13/27j: "- - - He (Allah*) guideth - - -". In addition to just above: Only possible if he exists.

159 13/28a: "Those who believe - - -". = Muslims.

160 13/28b: “- - - for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction”. This only is true for (some) Muslims, and in difficult times also some others seeking comfort in religion. Science tells that a minor fraction of the people (may be 5 - 10%) has an internal drive for a god - for something strong to lean to - and some more resort to such thinking when life is difficult. (In 2006 or 2007 they even found which gene in our DNA which produces this drive. One theory is that religion is favored by evolution because it makes the group closer knit and then the chances for survival bigger). These people find satisfaction in their religion - no matter which religion - if they do believe in it. And if they happen to be Muslims, they then find satisfaction in Allah. But NB: The satisfaction does not derive from the god they believe in – he/she may well be a fiction, like Allah seems to be (strongly indicated by all the mistakes in the Quran) – but from their own belief, as it is strong enough to make them feel sure it is right, and then feel secure in that security (false or not does not matter, as long as they themselves believe their belief is right). There is a possibility that this feeling of security, and hence safety and reduced nervousness, is another Darwinian reason for this inherited trait – it may in some way give an edge in the fight for survival.

The question these ideas of course produce is: Is there a god or are they all made up from our needs for something supernatural?

We should try to find out, because if it all stems from inside us, we should try to do something with the inhuman and immoral religions, to which Islam belongs - remember the basis for all inter-human real moral; "Do onto others what you want others do onto you". Few religions are further away from this than Islam.

161 13/28c: "- - - without doubt - - -". See 2/2b above.

162 13/29a: "For those who work righteousness, is (every) blessedness, and a beautiful place of (final) return". If the Quran is from a god and in addition tells only the truth, but the full truth, this is nice. But where does this leave the Muslims even in this case? - some parts of f.x. their moral code and their rules for aggression and war are horrible and has nothing to do with real righteousness (even though Muslims are so used to these rules and codes themselves, that they honestly think they are glorious).

And where it leaves the Muslims if the Quran is not the full and only truth, but there all the same is a next life, we refrain from mentioning.

163 13/29b: "- - - righteousness - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it is meant in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code.

164 13/29c: "- - - a beautiful place of (final) return". = Paradise.

165 13/30a: "- - - We (Allah*) sent thee (Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

166 13/30b: "- - - a People before whom (long since) have (other) People (gone and) passed away - - -". = The Arabs. Folklore told that tribes like the 'Ad and Thamud had lived there before - and Muhammad claimed they had all been killed by Allah because of sins against him, and that the Arabs had got their places - - - and had to be obedient to Allah - and to Muhammad - not to risk the same fate.

167 13/30c: "- - - a People before whom (long since) have (other) People (gone and) passed away - - -". Comment (A13/52): "- - - an indirect reference to the continuity of prophetic revelation before and up to the time of the Last Prophet, Muhammad - - -". But the fact is that such an continuity did not exist - it came to an end - at least for the time being - with Jesus. There are so big differences between the teachings and the morality of the teachings in the Jewish tradition of prophets, which here is referred to, and those of Muhammad, that he is not in the same tradition as the Jewish ones, included Jesus. This in addition to that Muhammad was no real prophet - h was unable to make prophesies - and just "borrowed" that impressive and imposing title (which may be the reason why he so often used the less imposing title messenger).

168 13/30d: "- - - what We (Allah*) send down (the Quran*) - - -". No god ever sent down a book with may be unbelievable 3000 mistakes and other errors - it is an insult and heresy against any god to accuse him for that.

169 13/30e: "- - - what We (Allah*) send down (the Quran*) unto thee (Muhammad*) - - -". As no god sent down the Quran, also no god sent it down to Muhammad.

170 13/30f: "- - - what We (Allah*) send down (the Quran*) unto thee (Muhammad*) - - -". Historical anomalies.

171 13/30g: "- - - what We (Allah*) send down (the Quran*) unto thee (Muhammad*) by inspiration - - -". To get - or claim to get - revelations by inspiration, is very convenient. Nobody can check on it and nobody can check from where the claimed inspirations come. Add a man with questionable morality according to Islamic books (read the reality, not the flowering words), and one starts thinking. But it is remarkable that the biblical prophets never got messages by means of inspiration - in stark contradiction to what Muhammad claimed - - - as normal without ever documenting his claims. The biblical prophets god their messages by direct contact, visions, or dreams. Another indication for that Yahweh and Allah were not the same god.

172 13/30h: "- - - yet do they (non-Muslims*) reject (Him (Allah*)) - - -". Not strange as many saw things were seriously wrong in Muhammad's new religion.

173 13/30i: "There is no god but He (Allah*)!" See 2/255a and 6/106b above.

174 13/30j: "There is no god but He (Allah*)!" Incompatible with the Bible.

175 13/30k: "On Him (Allah*) is my (Muhammad's*) trust, and to Him do I turn!" A bit risky as there never was a proof for his existence and never any kind of sure manifestation. May be the trust in Allah was the reason for why he lost all his children - included the sons Qasim and Ibrahim - except Fatima, and she died shortly after him? And may be that was why he died in a ways which made lasting rumors of poisoning? - in line with the fact that of the next 11 caliphs, only Abu Bakr died a natural death, and he after just a short reign?

176 13/31a: “If there ever was a Quran with which mountains were moved - - - (it would be this one)“. Well, hitherto the Quran itself has not moved even one grain of sand. It has guided or misguided many humans, and they have done things, but the Quran itself has done nothing. Similar claim in 59/21.

177 13/31b: "- - - truly - - -". See 2/2a above.

178 13/31c: "- - - had Allah (so) willed - - -". There are many sentences like this in the Quran - but Allah never willed. Bluff?

179 13/31d: "- - - the command is with Allah in all things!" = Allah decides everything - we in reality is back to his claimed predestination and Plan.

180 13/31e: "- - - the command is with Allah in all things!" Incompatible with the Bible.

181 13/31f: "Do not the Believers know - - -". Nobody knows much concerning the Quran and Islam. You do not really know things which are not in some way proved true - by man or by nature. You may believe, but you do not know. And it is even worse as one knows the book is full of errors.

In Islam many Muslims believe and believe strongly - so much so that they think it is knowledge. But if it is not in some way proved true, it only is belief, not knowledge.

182 13/31g: "- - - Believers - - -". = Muslims.

183 13/31h: "- - - had Allah (so) willed - - -". See 14/19d below.

184 13/31i: "- - - He (Allah*) could have guided all mankind - - -". Not with a guidebook like the Quran - too much is wrong, included partly horrible moral code. (Actually it may be the moral code which makes many react negatively to the religion and its members - too aggressive, too bloody, too self centered, too haughty and discriminating. There also is reason to react at its acceptance of dishonesty/al-Taqiyya, but most non-Muslims do not know about that part).

185 13/31j: "- - - He (Allah*) could have guided all mankind - - -". If this were true, it would tell volumes about the good and benevolent god who instead sends the majority of the humanity - and jinns - to Hell, (by means of his predestination).

186 13/31k: "- - - (- - - the Right) - - -". In this case it means "to Islam" or "to Paradise". But beware that when the Quran uses this word, it normally is meant "right" according to its own partly immoral moral code - and that makes one start thinking when the book uses "right" as a name for Islam.

187 13/31l: "But the Unbelievers - never will disaster cease to seize them for their (ill) deeds". Obviously wrong if Muhammad meant in this world - most non-Muslims not to mention "the People of the Book" (Jews and Christians) live an ok life. As for the possible next life Muhammad never had anything but claims to offer, and even those claims are contradicted by the Bible when it comes to believers in Yahweh. (Other religions must talk for themselves). Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

188 13/31m: "- - - Unbelievers - - -". Any non-Muslim.

<$p>189 13/31n: "- - - (ill) deeds - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses expressions like $this, it is meant in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. To refuse to go to war and steal, enslave and kill for Muhammad was - and is - a very ill deed.

190 13/31o: "- - - verily - - -". See 2/2b above.

191 13/31p: "- - - for, verily, Allah will not fail In His promise". Quite likely not - if he exists, if the Quran is from him, and if the book tells the full truth and only the truth about him and everything else. But there is not reported one single case where it is proved that Allah kept a promise. Guess if such a case had showed up in Muslim propaganda if it had ever happened!

192 13/32a: “Mocked were (many) Prophets before thee (Muhammad*): but I granted respite to the Unbelievers, and finally I punished them - - -”. Know, O Muslims, that Muhammad is mighty, even if he is mocked and opposed. The only reason why Allah does not punish them is that for some reason in his unfathomable plan ha wants to wait for some time – but then they will be seriously punished!! And also earlier prophets were mocked, so Muhammad is a normal prophet!

No further comments.

193 13/32b: “Mocked were (many) Prophets before thee (Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

194 13/32c: “Mocked were (many) Prophets before thee (Muhammad*) - - -". But Muhammad was no real prophet. The definition of a prophet was a person who could see at least parts of the unseen, and thus a person who:

Has the gift of and close enough connection to a god for making prophesies.

Makes prophesies which always or at least mostly come true.

Makes so frequent and/or essential prophesies, that it is a clear part of his mission.

A few things Muhammad said, came true – like it has to do for any person saying many things through many years – and most of what he said which did not come true, was forgotten (also this is what normally happens if it is nothing spectacular). But he did not guess the future correctly often - actually he statistically and according to the laws of probability should have "hit the mark" far more often by sheer chance than he did - there just are a few cases where Muslims will claim he foretold something correctly, and few if any of them are "perfect hits". But then the Quran makes it pretty clear that even though he was intelligent, he had little fantasy, and that he also was nearly unable to make innovative thinking (nearly all his tales and his ideas in reality were "borrowed" ones - though often twisted to fit his new religion).

The main things here are that Muhammad never indicated that anything of what he said was meant as prophesies, that he never indicated, not to mention claimed, that he had the gift of prophesying - of "seeing the unseen" - that it nowhere is documented that all/most of what he said about the future came true (point 2 above), and finally that both he and Islam said and says that Muhammad was unable to see the unseen (extra revealing here is that the old Biblical title for a prophet, was "a seer" - one who saw the unseen (f.x. 1. Sam. 9/9)) and also that Islam even today admits there were no miracles connected to Muhammad “except the Quran” (prophesying is a kind of miracle - seeing what has not yet happened). (This fact that Islam admits there were no miracles connected to Muhammad "except the revelation of the Quran" also is a solid proof for that all the miracles connected to Muhammad mentioned in the Hadiths, are made up stories - but all the same many a mullah and imam and scholar use these stories, which Islam admits are made up ones, as "proofs" for that Muhammad had supernatural powers and was a prophet. Honesty is not the strong side of Muslim religious leaders.) Also see 30/40a and 30/46a, and we also should add that his favorite wife (and infamous child wife) Aishah according to Hadiths (f.x. Al-Bukhari) stated that anyone saying Muhammad could foresee things, were wrong.

Verse 7/188b also is very relevant here: "If I (Muhammad*) had knowledge of the Unseen (= what is hidden or what has not happened yet*), I should have - - -". IT IS VERY CLEAR THAT MUHAMMAD DID NOT HAVE THE PROPHETS' ABILITY TO SEE "THE UNSEEN" - he was no real prophet. Similar in 6/50a, 7/188b, 10/20c+d, 10/49a, and 72/26.

As mentioned: Also relevant here is that the original title of the Jewish prophets as mentioned was not "prophet" but "seer" - one who saw at least parts of the unseen. (F.x. 1. Sam. 9/9#, 1. Sam. 9/11, 1. Sam. 9/18, 1. Sam. 9/19, 2. Kings. 17/13, 1. Chr. 9/22, 1. Chr. 26/28, 1. Chr. 29/29, 2. Chr. 9/29, 2. Chr. 16/7, 2. Chr.16/10, 2. Chr. 19/2, 2. Chr. 29/25, Amos 7/12, Mic. 3/7 - some places the two titles even are used side by side). Muhammad thus so definitely was no seer - prophet - even according to his own words; he had no "knowledge of the unseen". One more proof for that he was not in the same line - not to say league - as Jesus, if the Bible and/or the Quran tell the truth about Jesus on this point.

Many liked - and like - the title prophet, and there have been made other definitions for this title - the most common of these are "one who brings messages from a god", or "one who represents a god", or "one who acts/talks on behalf of a god". But the fact remains: Without being able to prophesy, he or she is no real prophet. A messenger for someone or something - ok. An apostle - ok. But not a real prophet.

***This is a fact no Muslim will admit: Muhammad in reality simply was no real prophet or seer. Perhaps a messenger for someone or something or for himself – or perhaps an apostle – but not a real prophet. He only “borrowed” that impressive and imposing title. It is up to anyone to guess why.

It also is remarkable that Muhammad relatively seldom used the title "prophet" about himself in the Quran. He mostly used the title "Messenger", even though messenger in reality means an errand-boy (Muslims try to make this title something big and imposing, but this is the meaning of it). "Prophet" on the other hand is a heavy and impressive title telling a lot about the person. May the reason for why he did not use it so often, be that he knew he did not have what it took to merit that title, and was a little careful using it, so as not to provoke questions or comments? (And is this also the reason why Muslims try to pretend that "messenger" is something more impressive and heavy than "prophet"?)

If the Quran simply belongs among the apocryphal books, many things are easy to understand, and it at least belongs in that line and tradition, even if it is further "out" than most of the others. Muhammad also fits the picture of the leader of an apocryphal sect, admittedly more immoral and bloody than most of the others.

Also see 30/40h below.

195 13/32d: "- - - I (Allah*) granted respite to the Unbelievers, and finally I punished them - - -". Muhammad's standard explanation for why non-Muslims often had a better life than Muslims: For some reason or other Allah in his unfathomable wisdom had chosen to do it like that - but mind you; sooner or later he was to punish them - if not before, then in the claimed next life. And if there is a next life, and if Allah is the ruler there, and if the Quran has told the truth and only the truth at least about him, it may be true.

196 13/32e: "- - - finally I (Allah*) punished them: then how (terrible) was My requital!" See 3/77b above.

197 13/33a: "- - - He (Allah*) Who standet over every soul - - -". Incompatible with the Bible.

198 13/33b: "- - - He (Allah*) Who - - - (knoweth) all that it (people*) doth - - -". See 2/233h above.

199 13/33c: "Is then He (Allah*) - - - (like all the others) - - -". Difficult to say, because of no reliable information. But if he does not exist, he is like all other non-existing, made up gods. He is no real god if he is behind the Quran - too much is wrong there. If he exists and belongs to the dark forces, he may be like others from those forces.

200 13/33d: "And yet they (non-Muslims*) ascribe partner to Allah". See25/18a above.

201 13/33e: "But name them (other gods than Allah)!". We may try the name Yahweh.

202 13/33f: "- - - something He (Allah*) knoweth not - - -?" A rhetoric question, as Allah knows absolutely everything - - - if he exists, is a central god and is correctly described in the Quran - a book full of mistaken facts, etc.

203 13/33g: "- - - those who believe not - - -". = Non-Muslims - only Muslims believe according to the Quran.

204 13/33h: "- - - the Path". = The claimed road to the Quran's and Islam's Paradise. See 10/9f above.

205 13/33i: "And those whom Allah leaves to stray - - -". WHAT A DIFFERENCE COMPARED TO NT'S "THE LOST LAMB" AND "THE 11TH HOUR". The Yahweh and Allah same god? Simply NO.

206 13/33j "- - - those whom Allah leaves to stray, no one can guide". The Bible contradicts this, at least for believers in Yahweh.

207 13/34a: "For them (non-Muslims*) is a penalty in this life - - -". See 3/77b above.

208 13/34b: "- - - but harder, truly, is the Penalty of the Hereafter - - -". See 3/77b above.

209 13/34c: "- - - truly - - -". See 2/2b above.

210 13/34d: "- - - defender have they (non-Muslims*) none against Allah". The Bible contradicts this, at least for believers in Yahweh.

211 13/35a: “The parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised! – beneath it flow rivers: perpetual is the enjoyment thereof and the shade therein - - -”. As said: Muhammad's Paradise is like the life of the very rich + more water and women, as seen through the eyes of primitive and poor male dwellers of a hot desert. But Allah should be the god of the entire world and all people. And why such a primitive paradise? – because as paradises come, this is a primitive one, and in the long run also a very boring one.

212 13/35b: "- - - Garden - - - beneath it flow rivers - - -". The most frequently used Arabism in the Quran - the geography of paradise is like a desert dweller's dream.

213 13/35c: "- - - such (in paradise) is the End of the Righteous - - -". Yes, if the Quran is from a god tells the truth. But the Quran with all its errors is not from a god - and with all its errors most of its tales are errors.

214 13/35d: "- - - the Righteous - - -". Muslims.

215 13/35e: "- - - righteous - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses expressions like this, it is meant in accordance with its own partly immoral moral code. F. ex. to refuse to go to war and steal, enslave and kill for Muhammad was - and is - a very ill deed, and very far from righteous behavior.

216 13/35f: "- - - the end of the Unbelievers is the Fire". See 3/77b above.

217 13/35g: "- - - the Unbelievers - - -". One of Muhammad's many negative words for non-Muslims.

218 13/35h: "- - - the Fire". = Hell.

219 13/36a: “Those to whom We (Allah*) have given the Book (the Quran?*) - - -”. = The Muslims.

220 13/36b: “Those to whom We (Allah*) have given the Book (the Quran?*) - - -”. If it here is meant the Quran, the infernal question: Is a book with that many mistakes sent down by a god? No - simply out of the question.

221 13/36c: “Those to whom We (Allah*) have given the Book - - -". Muhammad sometimes used the word "the Book" about the Bible and sometimes about the Quran. Mostly it is possible to see from the context which book he meant, but this is one of the cases where it is unclear. If he here referred to the Bible, he here talked about the Jews and the Christians.

222 13/36d: “Those to whom We (Allah*) have given the Book rejoice at what hath been revealed unto thee (Muhammad*) - - -". Clearly wrong if he was talking about the Jews and the few Christians in the area. That Muhammad had to murder and enslave or chase away most of the many Jews in the area, tells another and more sinister story than glossy claims.

223 13/36e: "- - - revealed unto thee (Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

224 13/36f: "- - - those who reject a part thereof (Muhammad's claimed revelations*) - - -". A polite way of saying they rejected Muhammad's new religion.

225 13/36g: "- - - join partners (other gods*) with Him (Allah*)". See 25/18a below.

226 13/36h: "- - - unto Him (Allah*) is my (Muhammad's and any Muslim's*) return (on the Day of Doom*)". If Allah exists, is a major god and is correctly described in the Quran. Well, may be also in the case if he exists, but is part of the dark forces.

227 13/37a: “Thus We (Allah*) revealed it (the Quran*) - - -“. Did Allah reveal it? See 13/1d+e+f and 13/19b+c above.

228 13/37b: “Thus We (Allah*) revealed it (the Quran*) to be a judgment of authority in Arabic.” A book with that many mistakes and contradictions, that much invalid logic, that inhuman moral and without ethical or moral philosophy, only a partly immoral moral code, is no basis for “judgment of authority”. If Muslims disagree, they will have to bring strong proofs to be believed. Similar claims in 2/101 – 4/170 – 6/115 – 9/48 -11/14 – 12/1 – 16/123 – 24/46.

229 13/37c: "- - - in Arabic". Arabic - the language mainly of primitive, uneducated nomadic desert tribes - was a strange language for a universal god to choose, and especially so at they did not have a complete alphabet at that time (the Arab alphabet was not completed until ca. 900 AD - it lacked the vowels and the small point which marks some letters in Arab - and it also lacked some other signs, f.x. the comma), so that it was impossible to write down exactly what was said - a problem for Islam even today, as in very many cases the original Arab text have 2 or more meanings, often very different, and it frequently is impossible to know exactly what was meant. Islam have evaded - not solved, but evaded - the problem by saying that all possible ways of understanding the texts which give logical meaning, are correct ones - even if the meanings as said may vary wildly. They call it "different ways of reading" because they do not like the expressions "different varieties" or "different versions", which in reality is the right name for it.

230 13/37d: "- - - in Arabic". This also meant some to Muhammad. He felt the Arabs were inferior compared to others around who had holy books, whereas the Arabs had not.

231 13/37e: "Wert thou (Muslim*) to follow their (non-Muslims'*) (vain) desires - - -". = If you as a Muslim will leave Islam - - -. This is a very serious crime in Islam - many places through the time it has merited death penalty, and if not at least social extrication (this is the case even today many places).

232 13/37f: "- - - knowledge - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it nearly always mean religious knowledge about the Quran and Islam - knowledge not related to Islam, was "foreign knowledge" and disliked or worse, and was after long and ruthless fights and persecutions, more or less finished from 1095 AD by the book "On the Incoherence of the Philosophers" by "the greatest Muslim after Muhammad", al-Ghazali. (It took ca. 100 more years to kill science and philosophy in Muslim Spain and that area.)

233 13/37g: "- - - then wouldst thou (non-Muslim or one who has left Islam*) neither protector nor defender against Allah." Not necessary unless he exists - beware that he may exist in the dark forces, even if he cannot be a god if he is behind something like the Quran.

234 13/37h: "- - - then wouldst thou (non-Muslim or one who has left Islam*) neither protector nor defender against Allah." Contradicted by the Bible, at least regarding believers in Yahweh. Also see 67/9c below - a strong one. But of course it is ok for Islam to prove - prove - the Bible wrong and the Quran right. But as we say: Prove, not just loose claims and as loose and invalid words like the Quran always use instead of proofs.

235 13/38a: "We (Allah*) did send Messengers before thee (Muhammad*) - - -". According to Hadiths there have been 124ooo (and perhaps more) prophets before Muhammad - - - but with the exception of a few in Israel (from Yahweh) not one single has left one single trace of any kind anywhere in the world. Believe it if you want.

236 13/38b: "We (Allah*) did send Messengers before thee (Muhammad*), and appointed for them wives and children - - -". We quote A1861: "All prophets of whom we have any detailed knowledge, except one (Jesus*), had wives and children (= Muhammad was a normal prophet also in this way - well, extra normal with 36 known women). But this claim needs a selective use of the expression "detailed knowledge". Not all prophets are known to have had wives - f.x. not John the Baptist - and for many that situation simply is not mentioned in the Bible. Use the expression "detalied knowledge" selectively enough, and you get the answer you want.

But more dishonest her - a Kitman (lawful half-truth) - is that one does not mention that none - not one - of the prophets in the Bible had a harem (beware that f.x. David and Solomon are kings, but not reckoned among the prophets in the Bible). Of claimed prophets only Muhammad had - science knows the name of 35 women who for shorter or longer time belonged to his harem (in addition there was Khadijah, but she died before he got a harem). Also in this way Muhammad does not belong in the line of Yahweh's prophets in Israel.

237 13/38c: “- - - Sign - - -.” Invalid as proof for Allah. See 2/39b above.

238 13/38d: “For each period is a book revealed”. Because times are changing, Islam claims that Allah has sent down new books now and then – to Abraham (a nomad some 1900 years BC hardly knew how to read and write), to Moses, to the later Jews, and to Jesus (except that the scriptures in NT only came years after Jesus died) – and finally the Quran. Only some questions:

Homo Sapiens - modern man - is may be 200ooo years old (and there were humans or humanoids long before that). There is no trace of any book or of monotheism from all those years up to the next major step, that happened may be 60ooo+ (64ooo?) years ago. At that time something happened – nobody knows what – which, started Homo Sapiens on his course towards Modern Man (it is likely it happened somewhere in the western part of Asia, perhaps in the southern Caspian area). Then also no book up to the next major step: Agricultural Man 15ooo years ago, give or take a few thousand years – probably somewhere in the Middle East. No book and no trace of monotheism anywhere in the world. The next step: Towns. No books to regulate the life or religion for Homo Urbanus (man in town) – not until long time after towns and even cities had started to pop up, and still no trace of monotheism of any kind, not to mention Allah. The first traces of real monotheism – and later a book about a monotheistic god – came with the Jews (the name is used in a wide understanding chronologically). And even then it is highly unlikely that they had books before the period in Egypt (that Abraham had a book or books, is so unlikely that Islam will have to prove it if they will insist on that – it is extremely unlikely that a nomad of that time even knew how to read.) Also the Zoroastrians had a book, but this Muhammad did not know – at least not until late in his life. After that – and before the Quran – science knows about only one or two books (depending on whether you reckon the “Bible” of the Jews + NT to be one or two books) as basis for monotheism – add one if you include the Zoroastrians. (There also was a small, young monotheistic sect in Arabia at the time of Muhammad, but to our knowledge they had no holy book.)

During most those periods and eons there is found no traces of such other such a book or of monotheism in any kind of science: Archaeology (with a ?-mark for Akn-Aton and his sun god), literature, folklore, history, art, architecture. Islam will have to produce very strong proofs for the opposite – till now they just have produced cheap statements and even cheaper words - - - and not one real proof.

Worse: When there finally came a book after Muhammad’s heart, it only covered a tiny part of the world and a short period of time – whereas the Quran states that every people in all times have had their prophets and a similar book - similar because they all were copies of a claimed "Mother Book" in Heaven.

Worst: Islam tells that the reason why “the Book” had to be rejuvenated at intervals, was that the world and the societies changed (in addition to the never proved or documented claim that the Bible is falsified - which both science and Islam have proved wrong). But the world and the cultures and the societies have changed more the last 300 years – yes, even the last 100 years – than in all the 200ooo or more years before. Why do we not need a new book after all these changes? – if Allah is omniscient, he 13.7 billion or more years ago (when the universe was created) knew that at least parts of the Quran would be hopelessly inadequate (f. ex. some laws) and too dangerous (f. ex. atomic, chemical and bacteriological weapons combined with a most ruthless and inhuman war religion), not later than around 1950 AD. Ours is a period that really needs a book teaching love and peace among humans and nations – not hate and suppression and inhumanity and war (like f. ex. the Quran and the religion of Gjingis Chan and some other war religions).

And how could a book be "rejuvenated" if all were copies of the same claimed "Mother Book" written before the world was created or perhaps never written, but existed since eternity?

239 13/38e: (YA1863): “For each period is a Book (revealed.)” But two other correct translations will be: “For each period is a Law (revealed)”, and “For each period is a Decree established”. Just pick and choose. Clear language in the Quran?

240 13/39a: "Allah doth blot out or confirm what He pleaseth - - -". If this refers to the claimed "mother book", this book is not unabridged from eternity like some Muslims claim (not all). It is not eternal if it is changeable. Islam is not eternal and unchangeable if the holy book id changeable. And there is no reason for Allah to revere - like Islam says - a book he can change as he pleases. If the claimed "Mother Book" can be changed, parts of the ground under Islam disappears.

**241 13/39b: “- - - with Him (Allah*) is the Mother of the Book (the presumed original book of which the Quran - and the books of all older claimed prophets - is said to be a copy*)“. Mere humans like us think it is unlikely in the extreme that an omnipotent and omniscient god has a book awash with mistakes, contradictions, logically invalid claims, etc. as a revered Mother Book in his Heaven. There also are a lot of problems to explain, if it was made by the god a long time ago - not to mention if it is an unmade book that has existed forever, like many Muslims insists:

If the book is that old and existed before, why did the god have to send down claimed imperfect books - Torah, OT, NT? And NB: Science and Islam both have shown they are not falsified like Muslims claim (as normal for Islam without documentation).

How to explain that in some verses it is Muhammad that is speaking?

How to explain that the god sometimes has to change his message – erase it in the Mother Book and write something new? - and did he really get everything right in the book this time? Especially if he is copying the Mother Book he ought to get it right at once?

How could he change the messages, if it was all written a long time ago - or always existed - in a Mother Book he copied? Erasing something there and writing over?

How come that so many verses are answers or comments to things which happened in Mecca and Medina to Muhammad and during the life of Muhammad? - Muhammad f.x. quarreled with his wives, and Allah sent down surahs to explain that Muhammad as always was right - and like always a little bit too late to avert problem, but relevant to his needs just then? (Remember that if man has freedom of choice, full omniscience and thus also full clairvoyance is impossible - admitted even by Islam, except that they say it must be true all the same because Allah says so in the Quran (!!))

How to explain that it (the Quran) could have been written eons ago, if Allah has given the humans a certain amount of free will? - human acts will upset the texts in chaotic ways. (Predestination and human free will are 100% incompatible and 100% impossible to combine - as man always can change his mind once more, making it impossible for the god to know for sure what really will happen, until it happens).

Islam says texts had to be changed a little over time, because times changes - therefore new holy books. But the 300 last years time has changed more than from Adam till 1700 AD. Why are no prophets and no holy book necessary? (Also see 13/38d above). And how was the text in the Mother Book changed to fit new times.

If the “mother book” is eons old, why then is nearly the all talk to Muhammad, a little to a few others, and nothing to the other 124ooo (the number according to Hadiths) prophets? The first prophets - when everything was new – after all needed most information and help.

How to explain that most of the stories in the Quran are based on religious fairy tales? - any god had known they were untrue.

How to explain all the mistakes? – any god had known better.

How to explain all the invalid statements? – any god had known better.

How to explain all the invalid “signs” (treated as proofs)?

How to explain the invalid “proofs”? – any god had known better.

How to explain the directly wrong statements, “signs” and “proofs”. ?

How to explain all the contradictions – the claim of "no contradictions" is one of the “proofs” for Allah?

How to explain all the cases of invalid logic? - no god would need to use invalid logic.

How to explain the often unclear language in the book, even concerning serious points?

Also see 13/1d+e+f above.

242 13/40a: “- - - thy (Muhammad’s*) duty - - -". A historical anomaly.

243 13/40b: “- - - thy (Muhammad’s*) duty is to make (the Message) reach them (“infidels”): It is Our (Allah’s*) part to call them to account.” Well, from 622 AD it also became the part of Muhammad and his men. This verse is contradicted and often “killed” by at least these verses: 2/191, 2/193, 3/28, 3/85, 3/148, 4/81, 4/90, 5/33, 5/72, 5/73, 8/12, 8/38-39 (the warning), 8/39, 8/60, 9/3, 9/5, 9/14, 9/23, 9/29, 9/33, 9/73, 9/123, 25/36, 25/52, 33/61, 33/73, 35/36, 47/4, 66/9. This includes many advising or permitting political, social, economical, etc. compulsion (with the sword in the background if you protest) – we mention a few here: 3/28, 3/85, 3/148, 4/81, 5/72, 5/73, 9/23, 14/7, 15/3, 33/73, 35/36. They are all quoted under 2/256. (At least 29 contradictions).

244 13/40c: “- - - thy (Muhammad’s*) duty is to make (the Message) reach them (“infidels”): It is Our (Allah’s*) part to call them to account.” Well, from 622 AD it also became the part of Muhammad and his men. This verse is abrogated – made invalid - by at least these verses: 2/191, 2/193, 3/38, 3/85, 3/148, 4/90, 5/33, 5/72, 8/12, 8/38, 8/38-39 (the warning), 8/39, 8/60, 9/3, 9/5, 9/14, 9/23, 9/29, 9/33, 9/73, 9/123, 25/36, 25/52, 33/61, 33/73, 35/36, 47/4, 66/9. This includes many bloody threats, but also verses advising or permitting political, social, economical, etc. compulsion (with the sword in the background if you protest) – we mention a few here: 3/28, 3/85, 3/148, 4/81, 5/72, 5/73, 9/23, 14/7, 15/3, 33/73, 35/36. They are all quoted under 2/256. (At least 28 abrogations).

245 13/40d: "- - - it is Our (Allah's*) part to call them (non-Muslims*) to account". To say it with small letters: Muhammad, and not to mention his successors, had a tendency for "forget" this after he got military strong enough to force Islam on others - f.x. large parts of the Arabs were forced to change their religion and become Muslims; "accept Muhammad and Islam or fight us and die".

###246 13/41a: "See they (non-Muslims*) not that We (Allah/Muslims*) gradually reduce the land (in their (non-Muslims'*) control) - - - “.No comment necessary. But this sentence should NEVER be forgotten by non-Muslims.

247 13/41b: (A13/79 – in 2008 edition A13/80): “See they (“infidels”) not that We (Allah*) gradually reduce the land (in their control) from their outlaying borders?” (= we conquer more and more bits and pieces from them.) But the Arab word that here is translated with “sides” or “borders” – “atraf” – has many meanings. The sentence also may mean: “We take their best men”, or:” - - - the best part of (the Earth's) people and fruits”. What choice do you prefer? And these variants naturally also are in the Arab text, as the relevant word(s) there has/have more than one meaning. Clear language in the Quran.

248 13/41c: "(Where) Allah commands, there is none to put back his commands - - -". As Islam is a war and fascistic apartheid religion, we must hope some more benevolent god, f.x. Yahweh, may be able to do something.

249 13/41d: "- - - (Allah*) is Swift in calling to account". See 3/77b above.

250 13/42a: “- - - but in all things the master planning is Allah’s.” Allah is the one that decides in reality. This is one of the verses Islam and Muslims have founded the rules for al-Taqiyya (the lawful lie) and Kitman (the lawful half-truth) on - the moral alibi and explanation for it. When Allah could device plots, also his followers could and can do so.

Just for the record: Al-Taqiyya and Kitman can be used at least in these cases (for broken oaths there are given no real limitations if the broken oath will give a better result. By implication this also goes for ordinary promises, as an oath is something stronger than a normal promise):

To save your or others' health or life.

To get out of a tight spot or a dangerous problem.

To make peace in a family.

When it will give a better result than honesty or honoring one’s oath.

To cheat women (should be remembered by girls with Muslim boyfriends wanting sex - or wanting a marriage to get residence permit in a rich country.)

To deceive opponents/enemies.

To betray enemies.

To secure one’s money (very clear from Hadiths).

To defend Islam. (Compulsory if necessary to succeed.)

To promote Islam. (Compulsory if necessary to succeed.)

But al-Taqiyya is a double-edged sword: In the short run you may cheat and deceive some ones – actually also in the long run if the opposite part does not know about this side of Muslims and of Islam, or if he/she is naïve.

251 13/42b: "- - - Unbelievers - - -". One of Muhammad's many negative names for non-Muslims.

252 13/42c: "- - - who gets home in the End". Who will end in Paradise.

253 13/42d: "He (Allah*) knoweth the doings of every soul - - -". See 2/233h above.

254 13/43a: "- - - Unbelievers - - -". One of Muhammad's many negative names for non-Muslims.

255 13/43b: "- - - Unbelievers say (to Muhammad*) - - -". A historical anomaly.

256 13/43c: "- - - Unbelievers say (to Muhammad*): 'No messenger art thou'". See 13/6b above.

257 13/43d: (YA1868): “Enough for a witness between me (Muhammad*) and you “non-Muslims*) is Allah - - -". The old problem: Not unless he exists and is a god. (If he exists and is from the dark forces he may be a rather unreliable witness.)

258 13/43e: (YA1868): “Enough for a witness between me (Muhammad*) and you “non-Muslims*) is Allah, and such as have knowledge of the Book (the Quran*)” = the Quran is a witness for that I am a prophet, and the ones who study it, sees that and bear witness. Or: “- - - as all knowledge in the Book comes from Allah, the Quran also bears witness to me” = the Quran is a direct witness. What is your choice?

On the other hand: All the mistakes, etc. in the book makes it a lousy witness.

259 13/43f: (A13/84): “Enough for a witness between me (Muhammad*) and you “non-Muslims*) is Allah, and such as have knowledge (Muslims*) of the Book (the Quran*)”. The comment says:"(This is*) - - - implying that a true understanding of the Quran unavoidably leads one to the conviction that is has been revealed by Allah". Pointing to all the mistakes, etc. in the Quran proving 110% that no god is involved in its making, we do not bother to add more comments, except that as Islam has no documentation for any of its central religious claims, it needs even arguments like this.

260 13/43g: "- - - such as have knowledge of the Book (here the Quran*)". = Muslims.

261 13/43h: "- - - knowledge - - -". Beware that when the Quran uses words like this, it nearly always mean religious knowledge about the Quran and Islam - knowledge not related to Islam, was "foreign knowledge" and disliked or worse, and was after long and ruthless fights and persecutions more or less finished from 1095 AD (the book "On the Incoherence of the Philosophers" by "the greatest Muslim after Muhammad", al-Ghazali. (It took ca. 100 more years to kill science and philosophy in Muslim Spain and that area.)

Surah 13: Sub-total 261 + 8038 = 8299 comments.

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NB: If you find any mistakes anywhere, please inform us. If it is a real mistake, it will be corrected. Please also inform us if we have overlooked points or errors.

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(A6/92 - English 2008 edition A6/93): "- - - it is in the nature of man to regard the beliefs which have been implanted in him(!) from his childhood, and which he now shares with his social environment, as the only true and possible one - - -". He forgot(?) to mention that this also goes for Muslims.

10/32: "- - - apart from the Truth, what (remains) but error?"


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This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".