Comments in this book numbered by 3 numbers (included 00 or 0) a few places followed by one small letter = clear cases. Comments numbered by 00 or 0 followed by 1, 2 or 3 letters (big or small) = likely cases.
(The years for only some of his raids, etc. are included here. For the rest of these see separate list under “Muhammad; his raids mainly for wealth - - -”.)
NB: Beware that the succession of the happenings may not be 100% correct always. This partly because sometimes there are contradicting information about when things happened, and partly because sometimes we only know the year, but not when in the year things happened, and then have to guess what happened first and what happened last. But if there are mistakes, they are not big. We especially mention that for Muhammad's marriages we follow Dr. Homa Darabi Foundation's list - other sources may give somewhat different information, but not essentioally so.
|570 AD, summer||Muhammad’s father Abdullah dies.|
|570 AD, August||Muhammad is born some weeks after his father’s death. (Some – mostly Muslim – sources say he was born in 569, and a few say 571). It is likely he got the name Amin (after his mother Amina d. Wahb), and that the name Muhammad came later.|
|570 AD||He is taken care of by the Bedouin woman Halima. (Quite normal for children of “better” families as one believed life in the desert was better for children than in the town).|
|576 AD||He is returned to his mother, Amina.|
|576 AD (or 577?)||His mother dies. His grandfather ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib took care of 6 year the old child. According to Muslim history he did a good and loving job.|
|578 AD||‘Abdu’l-Muttalib dies. (Some sources say 580). In 578 AD Muhammad was 8 years. Muhammad’s uncle Abu Talib took over the care of the boy. Also Abu Talib seems to have been a good caretaker.|
|583 AD||His first trip with a trading caravan to Syria – 13 years old.|
|586 AD||Muhammad took part in the war of Fijar – reputedly with little honour.|
|591 AD||Muhammad is said to become active member of “Hilful Fudul” – a group for the relief of the distressed. If this is true, it is in accordance with his preaching the 12 years in Mecca (which started 19 years later).|
|594 AD||Muhammad works for the widow Khadijah – some sources say as a manger, some place him further down in the hierarchy.|
|595 AD||Muhammad marries his employer, Khadijah. He was 25, she 40. (There is a possibility that she was somewhat younger).|
|595 AD||His second trip to Syria.|
|598 AD||His son, Qasim, is born, but died early (some sources say he had 2 sons with Khadijah, but that both died early).|
|600 AD||His daughter, Zainab, is born.|
|603 AD||His daughter, Um-e-Kalthum, is born.|
|604 AD||His daughter, Ryqayya, is born.|
|605 AD||His daughter, Fatima, is born. She was the only of his children that survived him and only by a short time.|
|605 AD||First time Muhammad makes himself remarked: He solves a serious dispute during the restoring of the temple Kabah, according to Muslim history – later the main mosque for Islam.|
|610 AD||Muhammad claims he has his first meeting with the arch-angel Gabriel (Arab: Jibril) - in a cave on Mt. Hira some distance outside Mecca.|
|613 AD||Muhammad’s first public preaching of Islam. He gets few followers.|
|614 AD||Muhammad invites the Hashimites to become Muslims.|
|615 AD||The opposition against Muhammad’s new religion becomes so strong that some of his followers flee to Abyssinia in East Africa. (This is called the first Hijrah).|
|616 AD||A second group leaves for Abyssinia.|
|617 AD||Social boycott of Muhammad and his followers by the Quraysh – the leading tribe in Mecca.|
|619 AD||The boycott is lifted.|
|619 AD||Muhammad’s uncle Abu Talib dies. This was extra serious because Abu Talib was the guaranty for Muhammad’s safety. (In old Arabia it worked like this: You belonged to a group or tribe, and the group and its leader guaranteed to take revenge if someone hurt you. But the new leader after Abu Talib cared very little for Muhammad.)|
|619 AD ,||Dec. Khadijah dies.|
|620 AD ,||Feb. Muhammad marries Sauda (NB: When using Latin letters, Arab names can be spelled somewhat differently from one translation (or transcription) to another). (There are sources saying that this marriage was in 619, but if Khadijah died in Des. 619, that is impossible - it took place after Khadijah's death). As Islam claims Muhammad’s marriage with Khadiah was a very happy one, it may be worth mentioning that he remarried already 2-3 months after her death – this even though a marriage always takes some time to arrange. He must have started the preparations very soon after Khadijah’s death - or before. He may or may not have grieved his first and older wife - there only are Muslim sources, and they claim the marriage to Khadija was a happy one.|
|620 AD||Muhammad’s real or dreamt – Islam does not know which - “Night Journey” to Heaven. Hadiths after Aishah states that it was a dream.|
|620 AD||5 prayers a day is institutionalized.|
|621 AD, April||Muhammad meets 12 pilgrims from Yathrib (later renamed Medina). This is the start of the connection that later leads to his fleeing to Yathrib when ha had to leave Mecca in 622 AD.|
|621 AD||1. pledge at Aqaba.|
|622 AD||2. pledge at Aqaba.|
|622 AD, June||Muhammad and his only companion, Abu Bakr, arrive in Yathrib.|
|623 AD||Battle of Waddan (NB: “Battles” sometimes in reality only were small things – skirmishes or raids).|
|623 AD||Battle of Safwan.|
|623 AD||Battle of Dul-‘Ashir.|
|623 AD||Muhammad marries Aishah, the 6 years old daughter if his friend and co-worker – and later the first caliph – Abu Bakr. It it told in Hadiths (f. ex. Al-Bukhari) that sex "only" started 3 years later - when she was 9. (This is the reason why many Muslim religious leaders find marriage and related sex ok from the girl is 9). Many reacts negatively to his haveing sex with a 9 years old child. But what is more reason to react negatively to, is that he continued to have sex with her throughout her childhood, and that a child was his favoutite wife all those years till he died in 632 AD - which Aishah was. (We know from Hadith that she as said was 6 years old when she married. If this was in 623, that means she was only 15 when Muhammad died (and could not remarry later)).|
|623 AD, Nov.||The direction for praying is changed from Jerusalem to Kabah in Mecca.|
|624 AD||Muhammad begins raids of robbery and extortion to finance the movement (some sporadic raids took place earlier as mentioned above).|
|624 AD, Jan.?||Battle of Badr (the first of the 3 main battles against Mecca and its leading tribe, the Quraysh.)|
|624 AD, Jan.||The female poet Asma bint Marwan is assassinated – she opposed Muhammad.|
|624, Feb.||The poet Abu Afak is assassinated – he opposed Muhammad (it is said that Muhammad had at least 26 opponents murdered – Ibn Ishaq names 10 of them).|
|624, Feb.||Battle of Qainuqa. (Expulsion of the Jewish tribe Bani Qainuqa from Medina).|
|624, July||The poet Ka’b Ibn al-Ashraf is assassinated.|
|624, July||Muhammad advises his followers to kill Jews.|
|624||Zakat – the poor-tax – becomes mandatory. The zakat – 0% to 10%, but mostly 2.5% - was paid to Muhammad. It was and is reckoned not from your income, but from your total possessions. The name “poor-tax” is misleading, as the money could – and still can – be used for 5 different things, included to forward the religion and to wage war.|
|624||Battle of Bani Salim.|
|624||Battle of “Eid-ul-Fitr” (name of a religious ceremony) and “Zakat-ul-Fitr” (name of a special tax connected to Eid-ul-Fitr).|
|624||Battle of Sawiq.|
|624||Battle of Ghatfan.|
|624||Battle of Bahran.|
|625, Jan.||Battle of Uhud. The second main battle with Mecca and the Quraysh. Muhammad lost this battle, but Mecca did not follow up in time.|
|625,Apr.||Khalid ibn Sufyan murdered on Muhammad’s orders.|
|625||Muhammad marries Hafzeh, daughter of another of Muhammads klosest friends and co-workers, Umar (or Omar) Ibn Khatab (later the second caliph).|
|625||70 Muslims killed at Bir Mauna.|
|625||Battle of Humra-al-Asad.|
|625||Battle of Banu Nadir – a Jewish tribe that was driven out of Medina.|
|625||Battle of Dhatur-Riqa.|
|626||Battle of Badru-Ukhra.|
|626||Battle of Damatul-Jandal.|
|626||Battle of Banu Mustalaq Nikah.|
|626||Muhammad marries Omeh Salmeh.|
|626||Muhammad marries Zainab bint Khazimeh (she dies a few months later).|
|627, Feb.||Battle of the Trench (Medina). The last big battle with Mecca before the conquest of Mecca in 630 AD. A big trench around Medina saved the Muslims.|
|627||Battle of Ahzab.|
|627, March||Battle of Quraiza. Muhammad captures and rapes Rayhana bint Amr after having murdered the male part of her family and made the women and children slaves.|
|627||Battle of Bani Lahyan.|
|627||Battle of Ghaiba.|
|627||Muhammad marries Jorieh bint Hares.|
|627||Muhammad marries another Zainab. She was the wife of his adopted son, Zaid, but Muhammad asked him divorce her,so that he - Muhammad - could marry her. Islam has a lot of "good" explanations for why this was not amoral, but no matter how one tries to explain it - and Islam' "explanation" is lame and not intelligent - it was a betrayal against Zaid - and incest according to old Arab rules.|
|627, Dec.||The woman Umm Qirfa is on Muhammad’s order murdered by being bound between 2 camels – when they were driven in opposite directions, she was “split” into two pieces. As everybody knows, Muhammad was the representative of a good and benevolent god.|
|627, Dec.||The Jew Sallam is assassinated.|
|628, Jan. The Jew Al-Yusayr is assassinated.|
|628||Muhammad signs the treaty at Hudaibiya with Mecca and the Quraish agreeing on 10 years of peace, and admittance for Muslims 3 days at Hajj – pilgrimage - each year to the mosque Kabah in Mecca.|
|628, Aug.||Battle of Khaibar (or Khaybar) – a Jewish area north of Medina. Afterwards all male prisoners – somewhere between 600 and 900 (most likely ca. 700) – were murdered, and all children and women (some 2000?) were made slaves - - - and all their possessions stolen, with 20% - included the new slaves - to Muhammad (officially to Allah, the benevolent god).|
|628, Aug.||Muhammad has Kinana tortured to death (i. e. he beheads him when he is nearly dead). Then the same evening he rapes Kinana’s 17 year old widow, Safijja bint Huayay. Muhammad is nearly 60. (He marries her later).|
|628||Muhammad sends letters to various heads of states inviting them to become Muslims – but with little success.|
|628||Muhammad marries Ramieh (callad Omeh Habibe).|
|628||Muhammad as mentioned marries 17 year old and newly-wed Safijja bint Huayay shortly after he has murdered her husband, and the male parts of her family plus made the rest of her family (and herself) slaves. He raped her the same evening he had had her husband, Kinana, tortured to death, and then married her some weeks later. As everybody knows: Muhammad was perfect and without sins.|
|628||Muhammad marries Meimooneh - his last longtime marriage. (We do not have the years for his short-time marriages - women he married, but divorced shortly afterwards).|
|628||The refugees return from Abyssinia.|
|629||Muhammad and many followers make pilgrimage – hajj – to Mecca.|
|629||The leader of Mecca’s cavalry, Khalid ibn al-Walid, deserts Mecca and becomes a Muslim.|
|630, Jan.||Conquest of Mecca – rather peacefully, but Muhammad had "a few" personal enemies killed/murdered. According to "Kitab al-Tabaqat al Kabir" by Ibn Sa'd, Vol.2, p.168, they were these 6 men and 4 women:
Ibn Khatel was murdered even though he was standing in the holy Kabah holding on to a holy drapery there - this on Muhammad's special order. Muhammad did not respect the holy things (or times) unless it suited him.
|630||Battle of Hunsin (or Hunayn).|
|630, April||Muhammad’s son Ibrahim is born by his dark slave Marieh. (Ibrahim dies about a year later, in June 631 AD.)|
|631||Maslama ibn Habib claims to be a prophet, but is killed.|
|631||Expedition to Tabuk.|
|631||Year of deputations.|
|632, March||Muhammad makes the “farewell pilgrimage” to Mecca.|
|632, June||Muhammad dies in Medina. (There exist speculations about poisoning, but we have seen no real indications for that).|
(Sources: The same ones as for “Muhammad's raids for wealth”)
one extra point: In the book “The Message of the Quran”, certified by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Islamic Research Academy in Cairo (one of the 2-3 top universities in the Muslim world on such subjects) in a letter dated 27. Dec. 1998, it is admitted rather reluctantly that there are no proofs for Allah, and that it is not possible to prove him. An additonal point here is that if there are no proof for Allah and impossible to prove him, automatically there also is no proof for, and impossible to prove Muhammad's claimed connection to Allah. If there is on Allah and/or if there was no connection between Muhammad and a god NONE of these were jihads (holy wars) nor Ghazwas(holy battles).
NB: If you find any mistakes anywhere, please inform us. If it is a real mistake, it will be corrected.
NB, NB, NB:
1. Read first the 2 small chapters "Some Essentials for how the Quran is to be read and understood" (VII-10-1) and "The Quran is to be understood literally if nothing else is indicated" (VII-10-2).
2. http://www.1000mistakes.com is blocked by many Muslim authorities. To debate with persons in such areas, cut and paste what you want from the pages and send it under titles different from http://www.1000mistakes.com.
3. http://www.1000mistakes.com is one of 9 pages which Muslim organisetions warned especially against in 2008 and 2009 - it could make especially procelytes lose their belief in Islam; correct and "down-to-the-earth" information works. In this connection it is worth noting that in the "warning" http://www.1000mistakes.com was one of 3 which neither was accused of bringing wrong facts, nor of being a hate page.
4. Comment 141 (to verse 6/149) in “The Message of the Quran” (see point 5) explains (translated from Swedish) about Allah's claimed omniscience vs. man's claimed free will:
“With other words: The real connection between Allah’s knowledge about the future (and consequently about the unavoidable in what is to happen in the future*) on one side and man’s relatively (!!*) free will on the other – two statements that seems to contradict each other – lies outside what is possible for humans to understand, but as both statement are made from Allah (in the Quran*) both must be true”. Unbelievable. Blind belief is the only correct and intelligent way of life, even in the face of the utterly impossible!!
5. And an afterthought: In the book “The Message of the Quran”, certified by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Islamic Research Academy in Cairo (one of the 2-3 top universities in the Muslim world on such subjects) in a letter dated 27. Dec. 1998, it is admitted rather reluctantly that there are no proofs for Allah, and that it is not possible to prove him. An additonal point here is that if there is no proof for Allah and impossible to prove him, automatically there also is no proof for, and impossible to prove Muhammad's claimed connection to a god. And if there is no Allah and/or no connection between Muhammad and a god, what then is Muhammad? - and what than is Islam? - a made up, invalid religion?
6. Further: All the mistakes, contradictions, etc. in that book prove 100% that the Quran is not made by an omniscient god - no god makes such and so many mistakes, etc. If then Islam is a made up religion, what then about all the Muslims who have been prohibitted from looking for a real religion (if such one exists)? And where will they in case wake up after living and practising such an inhuman war religion like Islam is according to the Quran (and to Hadiths), if there is a second life somewhere? - Hell or Paradise?
7. NB and PS: No matter how sure you are about something, if it is not proved, it is not knowledge, only belief or strong belief, and can be wrong. Only what is proved or possible to prove is knowledge.
(As http://www.1000mistakes.com is blocked in many Muslim areas - which shows they are afraid of it and lack arguments (if they had real arguments for http://www.1000mistakes.com is wrong, blocking was unneccessary) - "cut and paste" whatever you want from it and send if you want to inform or to debate there. Remember to omit the name http://www.1000mistakes.com).
PS: If we are blocked centrally - f. ex. by spam (there is too much at times already from unfriendly sources) we will reopen with new address somewhere else, and announce the new address om f. ex. http://www.topix.com/forum/religion/islam. Also if your comments to us do not reach us, any comments posted on a thread with "1000 mistakes" in the title on that forum will be read by us - it is a big international debate page. We cannot answer on that page, though, as it is not safe enough - we have had death threaths (better to kill an opponent, than to check if a religion brainwashed into you only on the word of a man who even practised lies (f. ex. "war is deceit") and advocated breaking even your oaths if that gave a better result, is true ot made up - old beliefs are hard to question).
Please inform all and everybody and all relevant fora - f. ex. Internet pages for debate or information - about the address http://www.1000mistakes.com. It is information that is urgently needed by many, not least by Muslims. No god made a book with so many mistakes and other wrongs - and if the Quran and Islam are made up by humans or dark forces, where are the followers of this inhumanly dark and brutal war religion heading for in a possible next life?