Comments in this book numbered by 3 numbers (included 00 or 0) a few places followed by one small letter = clear cases. Comments numbered by 00 or 0 followed by 1, 2 or 3 letters (big or small) = likely cases.
Free will for man is an axiom in the Quran. It is a necessity for to be able to justify any punishment for bad deeds and "disobedience" against the god. It is very unfair to punish someone for what others have forced her or him to do – not to mention how unfair it is for a god first to force someone to do something bad, and then give strict punishments for it afterwards. It in case is a far from completely free will, as the book many places makes it very clear that in reality Allah decides everything, and that nothing happens that is not according to Allah’s plan. Many within Islam – f. ex. A.Yusuf Ali in “The Meaning of the Holy Quran” – admit that it only is a limited free will. And actually even that is impossible if "everything happens according to Allah's plans".
But all the same it collides with two basic “facts” in the Quran:
Because of these two problems you today meet Muslims saying that predestination in the Quran is not real predestination – but we have never met anyone able to explain what it then is (normally they do not even try to explain what it “really” is). And both the Quran and Hadiths are at places most clear on the point: Allah not only decides everything, but much he decides long time before it happens. F. ex. the Quran (or actually the Mother Book in Heaven which it is a copy of) according to the book was made aeons ago, and all the same all the details, included quarrels with his wives, Aishah’s outing with a young man, warriors disagreements with his way of sharing the booty, etc., all are exactly like it later happened to Muhammad - - - which in case means that Muhammad did have no free will, because if he changed his mind ever so little, the book was not right any more.
And here we are at the main problem for the predestination and for the free will for man in Islam. Both are essential parts of the religion, but it is impossible to combine these two claims. They simply are mutually exclusive. Either man has free will, or Allah predestines – both are not possible.
Either Allah is omniscient included clairvoyant, and at a certain point of time says: “Now I know the future of this person” – and after that the person is without free will, because if he decides anything new, Allah’s knowledge about the future is wrong.
Or man has free will and can make decisions. But then clairvoyance is impossible for Allah, as the person always can change his mind once more.
As mentioned another place in this book predestination contra free will in the Quran actually is a variety of the time travel paradox = a situation where an act in the future influences the past in a way that influences it own initiation or existence – a paradox that is long since proved insolvable.
(The time travel paradox actually runs like this: The king is killed. Someone uses a tachyon radio to tell the crew of a space ship near Sirius about it. Tachyons are (theoretical, never found) particles with negative mass (do not mix it with anti matter), and thus they travel faster than light (FTL) and consequently backwards in time (as said, tachyon is a particle that is never found (but is theoretically possible according to Einstein's equations)) . The captain hurries to warn the king via the ship’s own tachyon radio – and as tachyons as mention go backwards in time, the message reaches the king before he is killed. Therefore he evades the plot and is not killed - - - and no message is sent to the ship, and the king is not warned and is killed – and a message is sent to the ship - - -. And so on ad infinitum.)
Even Islam admits that the combination of predestination and free will for man, is impossible to understand or explain. We quote “The Message of the Quran”, comment 141 to chapter 6 in the Swedish edition (143 in the 2008 English one): “In other words, the relationship between Allah’s knowledge of the future (and, therefore, the ineluctability of what is to happen in the future) on the one side, and man’s free will on the other – two propositions which, on the face of it, seems to contradict one another – is beyond man’s comprehension; but since both are postulated by Allah (in the Quran only*), both must be true.” Simply the ultimate defeat for Islamic logic, and the ultimate victory for mysticism and for the demand for blindness in belief.
And the quote continues: “The very concept of “Allah” presupposes His omniscience; and the very concept of morality and moral responsibility presupposes free will on man’s part.” This is one reason why it is impossible for Islam to leave this contradiction - without free will for man, it is immoral to punish him for misdeeds, but on the other hand: What is a monotheistic god unless he is omniscient and omnipotent? What then does it tell about the religion that at least one of these claims is wrong?
Because of the destroying answer to this question, the two claims all the same must be combined to save the moral of the god and the religion, according to Islam.
But how is it possible to combine the "fact" that Allah desides everything and knows all the futur with the claimed free will for man?
It simply is not possible:
Islam has given in to try to explain this impossible paradox except to their more naive or uneducated followers, who simply are told that Allah all the same always are able to see what you plan to do. To their more intelligent questioners they only have the above mentioned dogmatic answer - freely after "The Message of the Quran": "It is not possible to understand how both claims can be true, but as Allah has told it in the Quran, it must be true all the same".
No more comments. And no more comments should be necessary. It is the ultimate suppression of intelligence by blind belief and by demands for being blind in your belief.
But predestination was and is an essential part of Islam.
NB: If you find any mistakes anywhere, please inform us. If it is a real mistake, it will be corrected.
NB, NB, NB:
1. Read first the 2 small chapters "Some Essentials for how the Quran is to be read and understood" (VII-10-1) and "The Quran is to be understood literally if nothing else is indicated" (VII-10-2).
2. http://www.1000mistakes.com is blocked by many Muslim authorities. To debate with persons in such areas, cut and paste what you want from the pages and send it under titles different from http://www.1000mistakes.com.
3. http://www.1000mistakes.com is one of 9 pages which Muslim organisetions warned especially against in 2008 and 2009 - it could make especially procelytes lose their belief in Islam; correct and "down-to-the-earth" information works. In this connection it is worth noting that in the "warning" http://www.1000mistakes.com was one of 3 which neither was accused of bringing wrong facts, nor of being a hate page.
4. Comment 141 (to verse 6/149) in “The Message of the Quran” (see point 5) explains (translated from Swedish) about Allah's claimed omniscience vs. man's claimed free will:
“With other words: The real connection between Allah’s knowledge about the future (and consequently about the unavoidable in what is to happen in the future*) on one side and man’s relatively (!!*) free will on the other – two statements that seems to contradict each other – lies outside what is possible for humans to understand, but as both statement are made from Allah (in the Quran*) both must be true”. Unbelievable. Blind belief is the only correct and intelligent way of life, even in the face of the utterly impossible!!
5. And an afterthought: In the book “The Message of the Quran”, certified by Al-Azhar Al-Sharif Islamic Research Academy in Cairo (one of the 2-3 top universities in the Muslim world on such subjects) in a letter dated 27. Dec. 1998, it is admitted rather reluctantly that there are no proofs for Allah, and that it is not possible to prove him. An additonal point here is that if there is no proof for Allah and impossible to prove him, automatically there also is no proof for, and impossible to prove Muhammad's claimed connection to a god. And if there is no Allah and/or no connection between Muhammad and a god, what then is Muhammad? - and what than is Islam? - a made up, invalid religion?
6. Further: All the mistakes, contradictions, etc. in that book prove 100% that the Quran is not made by an omniscient god - no god makes such and so many mistakes, etc. If then Islam is a made up religion, what then about all the Muslims who have been prohibitted from looking for a real religion (if such one exists)? And where will they in case wake up after living and practising such an inhuman war religion like Islam is according to the Quran (and to Hadiths), if there is a second life somewhere? - Hell or Paradise?
7. NB and PS: No matter how sure you are about something, if it is not proved, it is not knowledge, only belief or strong belief, and can be wrong. Only what is proved or possible to prove is knowledge.
(As http://www.1000mistakes.com is blocked in many Muslim areas - which shows they are afraid of it and lack arguments (if they had real arguments for http://www.1000mistakes.com is wrong, blocking was unneccessary) - "cut and paste" whatever you want from it and send if you want to inform or to debate there. Remember to omit the name http://www.1000mistakes.com).
PS: If we are blocked centrally - f. ex. by spam (there is too much at times already from unfriendly sources) we will reopen with new address somewhere else, and announce the new address om f. ex. http://www.topix.com/forum/religion/islam. Also if your comments to us do not reach us, any comments posted on a thread with "1000 mistakes" in the title on that forum will be read by us - it is a big international debate page. We cannot answer on that page, though, as it is not safe enough - we have had death threaths (better to kill an opponent, than to check if a religion brainwashed into you only on the word of a man who even practised lies (f. ex. "war is deceit") and advocated breaking even your oaths if that gave a better result, is true ot made up - old beliefs are hard to question).
Please inform all and everybody and all relevant fora - f. ex. Internet pages for debate or information - about the address http://www.1000mistakes.com. It is information that is urgently needed by many, not least by Muslims. No god made a book with so many mistakes and other wrongs - and if the Quran and Islam are made up by humans or dark forces, where are the followers of this inhumanly dark and brutal war religion heading for in a possible next life?