1000+ Claims in the Quran - Invalid Unless Proven,
18 May 2014
SURAH 1: Al-Fatihah (The Opening)
Mecca ca. 610 - 614 AD.
001 This short surah - 7 short verses (in Arab "ayah" - pl. "ayat") - is reckoned to be the essence of Islam - perhaps like John 3/16 is reckoned to be the essence of the NT in Christianity. It is quoted/recited in most prayers, and on many other occasions. ######### It is quite an irony that this surah clearly is Muhammad's words - Muhammad is praying to Allah (no god prays to himself), but pretended to be eons and more old and sent down to Earth by a god.
For the value of prayers in Islam, also see 62/9c. And if you combine 62/9c with 67/9c - a strong one - you get something thought-provoking. (And relevant here: Muslims often are taught that a question or problem can have 2 or more true and correct solutions - Islam is forced to teach this, because if not many of the mistakes and contradictions in the Quran become too obvious. But this ONLY is true if parallel true solutions are possible. F.x. in cases where 2 or more possible solutions are mutually excluding each other, maximum 1 of the mutually excluding ones can be true. It should be a bit thought provoking for Muslims, that just this "small" difference in theoretical thinking and teaching, was one of the reasons (there were several of course) for why Europe and the West exploded into the Technical Revolution, while the Muslim area stagnated). Two star examples are: 1) Full predestination is not possible even for an omnipotent god to combine with even the smallest piece of free will for man - the two are mutually excluding each other. The same for full and unchangeable predestination long time before, combined with any claimed effect of prayers, good or bad deeds, forgiving, etc. - these all are mutually excluding/excluded by any full predestination.)
"In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful". Please read the surahs from Medina, the immoral parts of the Muslim moral code, the unjust/immoral parts of the Sharia laws, and the Quran's rules for lying (see 2/2b below), thieving/looting, enslaving, raids and wars, plus the rules for treatment of slaves and of girls and women - free and captives - and see if you agree. Always when there is a distance between words and the corresponding demands, deeds and introduced rules and moral, etc, we personally believe in the demands and deeds and rules and the moral. Glorious words are cheap, demands and deeds enforced rules and moral are reliable. Glorifying words and claims are too cheap for anyone to use and disuse - when you read, judge from realities, not from propaganda. (Is there something symbolic in that to comment on the very first line of the Quran, we must point to rules for and use of dishonesty, a partly immoral moral code, partly immoral and unjust laws, etc. in the book, and thus with Muhammad and in Islam?)
#003 1/1d: "In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful." Allah is in Islam said to have 99 names - these are 3 of them. The name Allah derives from the name of the old pagan main god in Mecca and Arabia, "al-Lah", which by the way does NOT mean "God" like Muslims like to claim (they often use the name God for Allah in the west, because it camouflages some of the differences between Allah and God/Yahweh (not the same god in spite of Islamic claimed - the basics and teachings of the religions are too different, and the differences cannot be explained away by the never documented Islamic claim that the Bible is falsified, as science long since has proved this to be untrue - and Islam has proved it even stronger (by searching more intensively) by being unable to find one single proved falsification among tens of thousands of relevant manuscripts or fragments older than 610 AD - some 12ooo from the Bible and some 32ooo with quotes to or references from it)), but "the god" (or to be exact: Al-Ilah - his older name means /the god", whereas Allah literally means something like "the Hidden One", but is used in the meaning "the god"). This older name again derives from the even older name Il. The ancient god "Il" originally was the moon god further east (the reason why Allah's and Islam's symbol is the crescent moon) - the moon (Luna) being something more benevolent than the scorching sun (Helios or Sol) of Arabia and its surroundings. Muhammad simply took over this Pagan god, changed his position from main god to the only god, and used only the name "Allah". Plus claimed that Allah just was the correct name for the old Jewish god Yahweh, whom Christians know as God. Everything - like normal for Muhammad - without the tiniest proof or documentation.
The history of the god Allah in short:
The first we know he was a main god named Il further east (Iraq?).
He drifted into Arabia, perhaps with early immigrants who settled there. Here he became the moon god al-Ilah, at least in the southern part of Arabia. As said it is no co-incidence that Allah's symbol is the (crescent) moon.
His name slowly changed to al-Lah, and sometimes Allah. (Easier to pronounce.)
He outcompeted the moon god Hubal in the Kabah temple in Mecca, and he became the main god.
Muhammad took him over and declared that he for one thing was the only god, and for another that he was the same god as the old Jewish and Christian god, Yahweh. This in spite of that the two were very different, had very different teachings, very different heavens, and very different moral codes, etc. - so much so that the differences prove with mathematical strength that Yahweh and Allah are not the same god (and thus that Jesus (and the other Jewish prophets) was neither in the same line of prophets nor even in the same religion.
We may add that originally Hubal was the moon god in Arabia, and some sources say the Kabah originally was his temple and dedicated to him. But when Muhammad was born, al-Lah - sometimes named Allah - may have taken over as Arabia's main god. It is a bit ironic that a building dedicated to an old moon god (be it Hubal or al-Lah/Allah - because also Allah had been a moon god and the crescent moon still is his symbol) was and is the most holy place on Earth for a claimed only and claimed omnipotent god - and as ironic is the fact that if Muhammad had been born earlier, Islam's god might have been named Hubal, not Allah (Muhammad simply took over the claimed mightiest of the pagan Arab gods, and earlier Hubal was reckoned to be the most powerful one - and the moon god like al-Lah had been and perhaps still was).
######## We have not mentioned much about al-Lah/Allah's position in the Kabah before Muhammad. The reason is that it is quite unclear. There are the two gods mentioned as the main god for the Quraysh tribe = the main god in the Kabah: Hubal, the moon god, and al-Lah/Allah - also a moon god, at least in southern parts of Arabia. There are clear indications, but no proofs, for that these two really and simply were two names for the same god - perhaps with Hubal as his "personal" name and al-Lah/Allah his title (al-Lah/Allah means "the god", or in this case "the main god").
There also are indications for that there were connections between Hubal and the Ba'al (a name used for some gods in that region) known from f.x. the Bible - same god and similar name, but in another variety of religion. If this is true, the Quran and Islam are way beyond the Milky Way when they forward claims like Zachariya prayed to Allah/Hubal/Ba'al, or that Jesus preached about Allah/Hubal/Ba'al, as in those times such connections would be known, even if they are forgotten today, and Ba'al represented the Devil to the Jews of those times.
To be a little more detailed:
Hubal was a central god in the old pagan Arabia. But his history and his role through the times are not entirely clear. Some sources claim he was a version of al-Lah/Allah, something Islam vehemently denies. Other sources tells What is clear is that he as said was a central god in Mecca (his name also is found in what today is Syria and Iraq), and that he was a god for divination and a moon god. Some sources say that the Kabah temple - later mosque - originally was dedicated to Hubal. The second part of his name, -bal, may indicate that he was one of the gods called Ba'l, or Ba'al.
Hubal was an imported god in Mecca. The first place one finds him, is among the Nabateans - a North Arab people in what is now north Arabia, Sinai, Syria, and Jordan, and as far east as Euphrates. Also Islam agrees to that Hubal was an imported god. It is not clear exactly where the Hubal in the Kabah in Mecca was imported from, but it is clear it was from the north.
This raises 2 questions:
1: Was Hubal another name for al-Lah (also named Allah)? Al-Lah was known also among the northern Arab tribes, and there are several points pointing to that Hubal really was another name for him. It f.x. is highly unlikely that the Meccans (tradition tells it was done by a man named Amr ibn Luhayy) would buy a heavy and very expensive statue (made from red carnelian, but with his right hand from gold) and transport it hundreds of miles through desert and wilderness to Mecca, and there placed him in a big temple which seems to already have been dedicated to al-Lah (Karen Armstrong - at the time of Muhammad it was dedicated to the name Hubal, which seems to have been the name of the statue), unless it was a statue in some way connected to al-Lah. This also because in the old Arabia there usually was only one male god in a temple. There might be one or several female ones in addition, but only one male one.
There also is another point we have not been aware of: Normally one reads that in the Kabah there were 360 idols. (We have wondered how there could be space for that many - the Kabah is large, but not that large.) But it turns out that this is not quite correct - the majority were placed outside the temple. (Malise Ruthven: Islam in the world, p. 15). Then it was quite possible to have only one male god inside, and of course the main god. There is no doubt and it is not disputed that the statue of Hubal was inside the temple. There also is no doubt that he was the moon god.
It is known that al-Lah - earlier named al-Ilah - was a moon god. Even today al-Lah/Allah (and Islam) has the (crescent) moon as his symbol.
Further: It is told that 'Abd-al-Muttalib (the grandfather of Muhammad) once stood beside the statue of Hubal and prayed to al-Lah/Allah (both names were used at that time). Islam drops the rule that there should be only one male god in a temple/mosque, and tells that this must mean there also had to be an idol for al-Lah/Allah inside. He stood beside Hubal and prayed to another idol, they claim.
But if we stick to the rule that there only was one male god in a temple/mosque, this story simply tells that he stood near the statue and prayed to al-Lah/Allah via the statue named Hubal.
Further: When Muhammad cleaned out the Kabah when he took over Mecca, it is described that the idols outside, the idols of al-Lat, al-Uzza, Manat (the 3 main female goddesses), and the statue of Hubal were destroyed. But if there is told about the destruction of an idol for the pagan al-Lah/Allah, we have overlooked it. And if no such statue was destroyed, there was no such one - Muhammad had all idols/statues destroyed. This in case means that there only was one male god represented inside: Hubal/al-Lah/Allah.
##Our conclusion: There is no doubt and not disputed that al-Lah and Allah were two names for the same god. There is no doubt, and it is not disputed that Muhammad took over this god, declared he was the only real god, declared that he in reality was the same god as Yahweh, and accepted only the name Allah. When it comes to Hubal, we find that it is likely, but not proved - but far from disproved - that he was a third name for the god Hubal/al-Lah/Allah. (Islam strongly denies this, but have so weak facts that they have to use slander, etc. as strong arguments (repeated use of words like "missioners" is slander in this connection - and there are other negative words used.)
2: Is the name Ba'al involved?
Ba'al or Baal (or Bol) originally was a title - meaning something like "Lord" or "Master" - and was used connected to several gods around the inner end of the Mediterranean - the Levant and Asia Minor - and was also the name of the top god to the Canaanites and Phoenicians. The name is known from at least 1400 BC in f.x. Egypt. Over time it became parts of some names or daily names - it f.x. is likely that the name HaBaal simply meant "the god", perhaps in the meaning "the main god". On the Arab peninsula this seems not to have been the case normally. But Hubal as mentioned was an imported statue from the north, and in the north Ba'al, etc. was well known. There are good indications for that Hubal derives from HaBaal or similar. Our conclusion here is that if it is not likely, then at least there is a good possibility that the name Hubal was connected to Ba'al.
If this is correct, this fact would have been known at that time and earlier, even though such details are forgotten now - the Jews would have known very well if the neighboring god al-Lah really was the same god as Hubal in another neighboring country, even before the name Hubal was exported to Mecca, and if Hubal had any relationship to the Ba'al concept. And if this is the case, Muhammad can just forget to claim that Yahweh = Allah (=Hubal/al-Lah/Allah) - for the religious parts of the Jews Ba'al was closely related to the Devil all the time from the old prophets and up. If Jesus had talked about any god related in any way to Ba'al, he had been a looser from the first day.
004 1/2c: "- - - the Sustainer of the Worlds (plural and wrong*) - - -". Often claimed, never documented - and a claim any believer in any religion can make free of charge on behalf of his god(s), as long as he/she does not have to prove anything.
005 1/2d: "- - - the Worlds;" The Quran tells there are 7 worlds (65/12b). Hadiths adds their names (see 65/12b) and the names of their inhabitants. Hadiths also indicates that those worlds are flat like our earth, and say they lay one on top of the other - and with Hell underneath. At the Day of Doom sinners even can fall through them all into Hell according to Hadiths. Scientific nonsense.
006 1/3b: "(Allah is*) Most Gracious, Most Merciful". See 1/1a above.
008 1/5: "- - - Thine (Allah's*) aid do we (Muslims*) seek". It is to be hoped he exists - if not no aid is to be found for Muslims.
009 1/5b: "- - - Thine (Allah's*) aid do we (Muslims*) seek". ########Here is a very serious one: It is not Allah but Muhammad or Muhammad and his followers who speak. How is that possible in a book made by Allah before the world was created or existed since eternity? Something is seriously wrong. (Ibn Masud, one of Muhammad's companions and an expert on quranic texts - d. ca. 652 AD - claimed that this verse and surah (and also the surahs 113 and 114) did not belong in the Quran. ##But how much more text is then wrongly put into the book?)
010 1/7c: "- - - (Muslims*) go not astray". Not if Allah exists, has sent down the Quran and the Quran in addition tells the full truth and only the truth. But if the Quran is a made up book - not to mention if it is from dark forces pretending to be Allah and Gabriel (Muhammad would be unable to see the difference) - where will then Muslims end if there is a second life? - remember that a book with so many mistakes, etc. like the Quran is not from a god. (It is heresy and slander and an insult to blame a god for a quality like in the Quran).
Not formed like questions for proofs, but what needs to be proved normally easy to see all the same. And: References you do not find here, go to "1000+ Comments on the Quran".
<<< Go to Introduction: Muhammad Lying...
>>> Go to Next Surah
This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".