Claimed Miracles 1 - 20
25 Nov 2012
Muslims very often claim that Muhammad made miracles, but:
· There is nowhere in the Quran indicated that Muhammad made miracles. Those stories are without exception from later literature (the Hadiths were written 200-250+ years later).
· There is nowhere in the Quran indicated that provable miracles happened around Muhammad (yes, we know about “the Night Ride”, “the Cleft Moon”, etc. – they are not indicated to be miracles in the Quran (f.x. the cleft moon is something which will happen at the Day of Doom, and the Night Ride likely something very different from the fantastic stories told outside the Quran)). All such stories are from later literature.
· If miracles had happened, his followers would never had asked for miracles/proofs, like the Quran tells they did – the miracles had been more than enough proofs.
· If they all the same had asked for it, they would quickly have been reminded of the miracles. There is mentioned no such answer in the entire Quran.
· Also non-Muslims had not made such questions like told about several places in the Quran, if miracles had happened - the miracles had made such questions meaningless.
· If they all the same had asked: See point 4 above.
· If miracles had happened, Muhammad had not had to use fast-talk and even lies in the Quran (“miracles will not make anyone believe anyhow” – an intelligent man knowing as much about people as Muhammad did, knew that was a lie each time he said things like this), like the Quran tells about several times.
· Islam itself says: “There was no miracle connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”. (If a book of that quality is a miracle, is another question.)
· 18/110b: “I (Muhammad*) am but a man like yourselves (Muslims*) - - -“. And among other things “I” thus am unable to perform miracles.</p>
These all are facts known to each and every Muslim scholar. All the same many tell their followers about Muhammad’s miracles, and that they are proofs for Allah, for Muhammad, and for Islam. To repeat it: “The Religion of Truth”. A horrible example on this, are the following 12 samples, compiled by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan in his by Islam highly recommended translation of “Sahih Al-Bukhari” and his by Islam top recommended Hadiths, unbelievably printed in 1997. (Medical) doctor Mushin Khan was a highly educated man, and a man of high esteem in Islam. He knew the 8 points above and more very well. All the same he impresses on his Muslim readers the value and the proofs to be found in claimed miracles around or by Muhammad. As indicated before: Islam far from always is “the Religion of Truth”.
As his “miracles” mainly are taken from the Hadiths, we first say a few words about Hadiths, and what differs them from the Quran:
The present Quran was written not later than 656 AD – 14 years after the death of Muhammad, and 46 years after he started his new religion. That early the makers could not change real facts too much – for the same reason that the writers of NT in the Bible could not change facts too much: There were too many witnesses. Muhammad’s words and teachings were not possible to check on, but actual facts about what happened had to be reasonably true. To make up foretelling, miracles, etc. therefore was difficult or impossible.
Hadiths are short stories from(?) and about Muhammad and his nearest family and co-workers. They were made up literally by the hundreds of thousands in the years and centuries after Muhammad – often for political reasons. When they were collected and written down around 200-250 years after the death of Muhammad, the collectors had a giant work to try to find out which ones were real and which ones were not. There were such a number of made up ones, that the job was difficult (according to Islam f.x. al-Bukhari collected over 300ooo Hadiths – and used 6860 of them only, which means he used only 2-3 out of each 100 - - - and all the same some of the ones in his final collection clearly are not true ones, and many more are doubtful). In addition they did not go for finding out if a story was true or not – what they looked for, were the chains of narrators: If the narrators were deemed reliable, the story was judged true if nothing special told the opposite. But when someone made up a story, it was as easy to make up the claimed chain of narrators, and thus the collectors’ method of sorting out the made up Hadiths was very unreliable, and resulted in that many made up Hadiths were judged to be true ones. The reliability of the Hadiths thus is not too high.
As mentioned above, these 12 first “miracles” unbelievably are from a highly educated Muslim of highly recommended status in a modern edition of a highly recommended book – recommended by Islamic persons and institutions.
Mi1. The delivery of the Quran. This is the only claimed miracle all Muslim scholars agree on. But it the Quran a miracle? All the mistakes, etc. in that book prove that it is not from any god – no omniscient god makes mistakes by the hundreds and more. Then remain the dark forced, a mental illness (modern medical science according to f.x. BBC suspects Muhammad had TLE – Temporal Lobe Epilepsy), or a cold human brain (f.x. Muhammad’s) – or a combination of two or all three of these. If the Quran was delivered by humans or a mental disease, it at best is a fake. If it was delivered by the dark forces (Muhammad would have no chance to see the difference between Gabriel and a dressed up devil), it is a fake or a catastrophe.
Mi2. The splitting of the moon (al-Bukhari 3637). This is a frequently mentioned claimed miracle. But any man with an education and knowledge of the Quran like dr. Muhsin Khan knows that according to the Quran this is not a miracle which has happened, but something which – according to the Quran – will happen before the Day of Doom----------------. But this claimed splitting once in the future has become a legend claiming it already has happened – and is accepted as a fact by Muslims.
Mi3. The stem of a date-palm cried when Muhammad did not lean against it any more (al-Bukhari 3583). This is one of the miracles which had been mentioned in the Quran if it had been true, if not other places, than at least the places where Muhammad “explained” why Allah sent no miracles (an explanation which itself prohibits that this claimed miracle is true) – see the 8 points on top. It also is one of the many claimed miracles which the majority of Muslim scholars admit are made up ones, when they admit that “there are no miracles connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”. In addition it is anthropomorphism (the superstition that dead material, plants and animals can think and talk like humans) - normally found in primitive pagan religions and fairy tales.
Mi4. A group of Muslims needed water, and water started to flow from between Muhammad’s fingers (al-Bukhari 3579). Comments like no. 3, except the anthropomorphism. Water enough to 1400-1500 men for washing and drinking also would have taken quite long time.
Mi5. Muhammad’s food used to glorify Allah when Muhammad ate (al-Bukhari 3579). Comments like no.3.
Mi6. Stones used to greet Muhammad in Mecca. Comments like under no.3.
Mi7. The earth threw out the dead body of a Christian (al-Bukhari 3617). Comments like no.3, but perhaps animism (the superstition that dead material and plants can react and behave like animals) instead of anthropomorphism. Also animism mainly is found in primitive pagan religions and in fairy tales.
Mi8. Trees screened Muhammad when he went to the toilet. Comments like no.3, but likely animism instead of anthropomorphism.
Mi9. The Muslims became short of water at Hudaibiya (outside Mecca) and Muhammad filled the well by magic.). This is one of the miracles which had been mentioned in the Quran if it had been true, if not other places, than at least the places where Muhammad “explained” why Allah sent no miracles (an explanation which itself prohibits that this claimed miracle is true) – see the 8 points on top. It also is one of the many claimed miracles which the majority of Muslim scholars admit are made up ones, when they admit that “there are no miracles connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”.
Mi10. A young man only had some dates to pay off his dead father’s considerable debt. Muhammad made the dates multiply so that there was plenty to pay all the debt (al-Bukhari 3580). Comment like no. 9.
Mi11. A wolf speaking. Comments like no. 3.
Mi12. The Night Journey. This is a very famous tale in Islam. But neither Muhammad’s horse(?) Buraq nor his trip to Jerusalem (where no mosque existed until decades later), nor his ascension through the 7 (non-existing) heavens, nor his meeting with Allah, nor his meeting with f.x. Moses, is mentioned anywhere in the Quran. The only thing which is said about this claimed trip in the Quran, is (17/1): “Glory to (Allah) Who did take His Servant (Muhammad*) for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque (remember that all mosques are sacred) to the Farthest Mosque, whose precincts We (Allah*) did bless – in order that We (Allah*) mifht show him (Muhammad*) some of Our (Allah’s*) Signs: for He (here Allah*) is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things)”. This is absolutely everything which is said in the entire Quran about this.
What scientists believe happened, was that Muhammad was in a village with a mosque some 9 miles (15 km from) Mecca. During a night he rode to Mecca and the Kabah mosque – at that time the mosque farthest from where Muhammad stayed , at least the farthest of any interest to Muhammad - and back – without any problems. This trip is mentioned in Islamic literature, but never mentioned by Islam/Muslims.
Then Muslims who did not understand what the cryptic words were about, made up stories about Muhammad flying through the night on a magic animal – not only to a distant (non-existing ) mosque, but onwards to heaven to meet and talk with Allah – neither of which is even mentioned in the Quran.
What here is absolutely sure, is that if this Night Journey, not to mention Muhammad’s meeting and talking with Allah, there is not a single chance neither on this nor the other side of eternity that this had been forgotten or omitted from the Quran.
The Quran thus indirectly, but absolutely proves that this claimed journey is a made up story – or originally likely two; one about the ride to Jerusalem, and one about his climb to Heaven and Allah.
Mi13. (From Examine The Truth website, a standard Islamic claim is that the delivery of the Quran was a miracle – the words of Allah)
“It (the Quran) is not the word of a poet - - - “. This seems to be true – Muhammad was no poet. But he may very well have been a teller of tales, a maker of apocryphal stories (large parts of the Quran are part of the apocryphal literature, but so far out apocryphal that it normally is not reckoned even together with that group), or even a teller of fairy tales – some persons do much to gain power.
ETT also here refuses to believe that “these verses which correlate with science/prophesy are all coincidences…” But there are literally billions of scientific facts of all kinds, and Muhammad said tens of thousands of things. It is statistically impossible that there should be no correlations here and there – especially as Muslims are very “free” with what they claim are correlations (many points are twisted or “far out” to be able to claim correlations). But no Muslim has ever proved that a statement from Muhammad which are claimed to come true, was meant to be a prophesy – and a statement not meant to be a prophesy is no prophesy. (The closest we know about, is where Muhammad said the Romans would win against the Persians within “bedd” - 3 to 9 - years. The Romans did win, but it took 12 or more years – and the words hardly was meant as a prophesy, but was part of a pep-talk.)
In addition we are back to the facts: Muhammad in the Quran says he was just an ordinary man (f.x. 3/144, 17/93, 17/94, 18/110, 72/21) and thus unable to make miracles or prophesies (f.x. 6/50, 7/188, 10/20, 27/65, 46/9, 72/26, 81/24), (which means that every time a Muslim claims Muhammad did so, he claims that the Quran is untrue on these points), Aishah said the same in Hadiths, and Islam of today – its scholars – says that “there are no miracles (which also includes prophesies, as also prophesies are a miracle) connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”.
Mi14. (From Discovering Islam, DI – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“The night Prophet Muhammad was conceived, all the idols of Mecca were thrown on the ground”. This is a made up legend unless Muslims prove that this really happened. Such an incident is not mentioned in any serious Islamic literature or other source. The claim also is contradicted by the fact that it is not mentioned in the Quran – which such a remarkable sign would have been if it had been true – by Muhammad’s statement in the Quran that he just was an ordinary man (f.x. 3/144, 17/93, 17/94, 18/110, 72/21), and by Islam’s/its scholars’ statement that “there are no miracles connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”.
Mi15. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“The night Prophet Muhammad was conceived - - - Angels cast the throne of Iblis (Satan) into the sea and tormented for forty days”. This is not even a legend, but a fairy tale unless Islam proves that this really happened. Further comments like Mi14 just above. Even for Muslims it is unbelievable naïve to call things like this a sign/proof (in Islam the word “sign” normally is a synonym for “(indicated) proof” when used in a religious connection). “A proof is one or more proved facts which can give only one conclusion” – that Iblis ended in the sea and was tormented definitely is not a proved fact.
Mi16. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“The night our Prophet (Muhammad*) was born (one does not even for sure know the year he was born, not to mention if it was during a night), the Palace of Qisra (King of Persia) trembled and its 14 towers fell down”. There is no report about this in reliable sources. It is just another made up legend unless Islam proves this really happened. Further comments like Mi14 above.
Mi17. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“The night our Prophet (Muhammad*) was born - - - the flames of the fire-worshippers, the Majus (Zoroastrians) went out, though that fire had been burning for more than a thousand years, never extinguished”. There is no report about this in reliable sources and “a proof is one or more proved facts which can give only one conclusion”. It is just another made up legend unless DI/Islam proves this really happened. Further comments like Mi14 above.
Mi18. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic , evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“Prophet Muhammad’s birth corresponds with the Year of the Elephant - - - (an intended attack on Mecca which had to be aborted, likely because of an illness among the soldiers – perhaps small-pox – though Muslims never documented tales claim it was because of attacking birds)”. This is believed, but not documented. But in case: And so what? – what does this signify/prove? What kind of miracle? DI does not give any explanation.
Another fact is that this claim easily may be wrong, as one does not know for sure when Muhammad was born. It is normal to say 570 AD, but that is an approximation – it may have been at 569 AD or 571 AD.
Mi19. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“Survival of the prophet (Muhammad*) after being poisoned”. A Jewish woman served Muhammad poisoned sheep meat – with a good reason. Muhammad discovered that it was before he had swallowed too much. Then naturally he survived. To call this a miracle, tells a lot about some Muslims’ hunt for miracles. (Muslim ”miracle hunters” sometimes have a very “open” mind.)
Another point is that Muhammad had swallowed some poison, and the rest of his life he sporadically complained about pain from the poisoning. There is a chance this poison was what finally killed him, but that theory is not very likely, as his final illness was rather short. There are speculations on the net that he was poisoned once more, but nothing is really known. If this really happened, it may have been by someone close to him. If he was murdered, it was the start of a Muslim tradition – of the next 11 top leaders (caliphs) for Islam, only on (abu Bakr) died naturally.
Mi20. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“After he (Muhammad*) fled Mecca (in 622 AD*), his enemies went after him. He hid in a cave - - - but the enemies did not enter the cave because a spider had covered the opening - - -“. DI claims this was a miracle.
We here remind you that “a proof is one or more facts which can give only one conclusion”. This is one of the many never proved stories in Islam, and as it is not a proved story, DI’s claim is not built on a proved fact. Worse in this case is that the story even if the story should happen to be true, it has at least 2 possible conclusions: It was caused by Allah, or the spider simply wanted the net to catch food. Thus also for this reason DI’s claim is invalid.
Unless the web was caused by Allah – and unless the story is true – this was no miracle.
Mi21. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic , evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
People wanted rain. Muhammad invoked Allah for rain. It rained continuously for one week. Muhammad asked Allah to stop it, which Allah did – according to Hadiths (al Bukhari, book 73/115). A miracle according to DI – and other Muslims.
Like so many other claimed miracles in Islam – included in the Hadiths – this story is not mentioned in the Quran. And like for so many other claimed miracles claimed connected to Muhammad, we have these facts:
· Muhammad had big problems explaining away the fact that he was unable to prove any connection to a supernatural being – this is very clear from the Quran.
· If there had been miracles connected to Muhammad, he had been quick to use them as proofs, instead of having to use fast talk to explain facts away.
· If there had been miracles connected to Muhammad, his followers had not asked for proofs – they had known about the miracles/proofs.
· If they all the same had asked for proofs, they had quickly been reminded about the miracles.
· If there had been miracles connected to Muhammad, the skeptics had not asked for proofs – miracles are quickly known far and wide.
· If they all the same had asked for proofs, they had quickly been told about the miracles, and with glee, instead of being told lame fast talk and “explanations”.
· If there had been miracles connected to Muhammad, there had been very few skeptics in the area.
For these reasons it is very clear that the claimed miracles connected to Muhammad, are made up stories. The total absence (yes, we know about the Night Ride, and the claimed splitting of the moon) of miracles in the Quran proves that the stories are fiction. This also may be the reason why serious Muslim scholars admit: “There are no miracles connected to Muhammad, except the delivery of the Quran”. It is symptomatic that the claims about such miracles come from lay Muslims and from al-Taqiyya religious leaders writing for/speaking to the less educated masses, mainly the Muslim such. (You hardly ever meet these claims from Muslim scholars talking to/writing for educated non-Muslims – this in spite of that if the claimed proofs had been true, they had been excellent proofs for Islam – and Islam needs proofs, because none of the central claims are proved in the religion).
The omission of these “miracles” in the Quran prove that all claimed miracles – included this one - connected to Muhammad, are made up stories.
Mi22. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
Two companions of Muhammad were claimed to be companied by two lights going home one night (Al Bukhari 8/454). Comments like for Mi21 just above.
Mi23. “The Prophet used to deliver his sermons while standing beside (or leaning on) a trunk of a date palm tree. When he had the pulpit made, he used it (the pulpit) instead (of the Date Palm tree). The trunk (of the tree) started crying/weeping (grieving out of love for the prophet) and the Prophet approached it, rubbing his hand over it (and it stopped crying).
· Even if the tree had had brain enough to react, it is not possible for any tree to make such sounds. Anthropomorphism – something you normally find in primitive religions and in fairy tales.
· If this story had been true, it had been mentioned in the Quran – at least when somebody asked for proofs for Muhammad’s contact with a god. As it is not mentioned there in spite of that Muhammad really needed reliable proof, this is a story/legend made up later.
Mi24. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic, evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
A wolf was talking.
No way making it possible for him (a wolf) to speak like humans, and for another he does not have the brain necessary to make human sentences. This is a case of anthropomorphism – the belief that dead matter, plants, and/or animals may think, talk, and/or behave like humans. “- - - the wolf said, ‘There is something more (interesting and) wonderful than this; that is, Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad*) . . . inviting people to Allah (i.e. Islam)’”. For one thing a wolf’s throat is not constructed in a way making it possible for him to talk like a human. For another he does not have the brain necessary for this. And for a third this is anthropomorphism – the belief that dead matter, plants, and/or animals can think, talk and/or behave like humans. This kind of superstition you normally find in primitive religions and in fairy tales.
Also see the comments to Mi21 above.
Mi25. (From Discovering Islam (DI) – a site extra naïve in the use of logic , evaluation of facts, and analyzing of texts.)
“The Quran = Prophet Muhammad’s Greatest Miracle”. Leading Muslim scholars normally say that the Quran is his only miracle (i.e. that the other claimed miracles are made up stories – and as they are not mentioned in the Quran, even though Muhammad strongly needed some proofs, this is a correct evaluation of the claimed “miracles”). But how much of a miracle is a book so full of errors, etc. that it itself proves there is no god behind it?
>>> Go to Miracles, Part 2
>>> Go to Foretellings
This work was upload with assistance of M. A. Khan, editor of islam-watch.org and the author of "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery".